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Acknowledgement for dissertation writing write for me different word for on time nigerian daily newspapers sahara reporters green cards not in this video but you know it's not true everywhere else I thought the thing is what's good about them making a mistake is that you you won't forget ever again the mokra loop forever oh content there's something to be be said for mistake so wait for this tomorrow Hey ladies and gentlemen if I can have your attention and even those who you are ladies and gentlemen as you know I'm Alan Warnock I met you this morning for those you who were here I am going to be talking about hot topics and I do that every year I try to talk about some of the issues that are most in the news or most concerning to our immigrant community and give you some of my thoughts and views about them and of course positive views are not facts all the time I will give you some facts as well but I want to start by reading one of my favorite short quotes that I actually keep on my wall in my office I have a shorter version in my office and from Thomas Paine who was a writer and hero of the American Revolution he wrote these are the times that try men's souls of course in those days they didn't say mental illness okay these are the times that try men's souls the summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will in this crisis shrink from the service of their country that he that stands by it now deserves a love and thanks of man and woman tyranny like hell is not easily conquered yet we have this consolation with us at the heart of the conflict the more glorious the triumph and it is much shorter version in the immortal words of Jimmy Cliff the heart of the count they come the harder they fall so today we these are the topics these five topics are the topics that I am going to discuss the overview raids and rites where the courts on the Muslim and healing with Doc and Dhaka travel what's happening severed protective status some of these things and some of the issues that I'm going to race will either been discussed this morning or will be this in more detail this afternoon my role here today is to just put some of the things that you're learning today in the context of these issues these five issues so let's get started so I'm I am cautiously optimistic about the future of immigration policy in the United States and I'll probably say this more than once my talk you can't take on everybody at once so one of the problems of Trump administration has is that they can talk about how they're going after this and going after that and they're doing some very bad things they can't do everything bad that they want to do all at once the 2018 elections in terms of whether there's going to be immigration reform are going to be key because I think there's substantial support in the Republican Party for a generous generous immigration program it has always been thus if you go to you who are old enough to remember or who have studied the issue will know that 1986 President Ronald Regan you know the father of modern conservatism signed a law it was the last great legalization program in the United States so it was a Republican who signed that law so what that means is is that given the right conditions we could have immigration reform we almost had it in 2013 there was enough damage there was enough Republicans in the House of Representatives to support it to have passed it but the speaker refused to bring it forward so it's not impossible even under a president Trump and if you think about his own personal history what are the three industries where immigration is so key and United course immigration is key to our whole economy I think you know if you read about it you'll see that there's three particular industries where it's problematic we don't have immigration the service industry the agricultural industry in the construction industry well you got the guys got two out of three right they're right with hospitality and in the construction he's got a winery although I would never drink his wine I'm not sure that's so not sure that's that important to him but I'm not so pessimistic here's here's what I want people to understand what can be done and what can't be done President Trump and his minions cannot for instance change the rules for who qualifies to become a US citizen that has to be done by Congress he cannot take away the right of a u.s. instance a petition for a spouse parent son or daughter child a brother or sister he cannot do that only Congress can do that so there are a lot of things that he can't do he would have to take the changes he would have to change the statute and I don't think he's doing very well in Congress right now so I'm not too concerned about a lot of legislation of that nature that changes the basic rights and benefits I am concerned that we're going to see legislation and we'll see what the Democrats do about it legislation will try to make it harder or people who have done things that are we would consider less than appropriate for them to do make it harder for them to be able to stay in the United States that is something he may try to do he may try to increase the penalties for people who are here unlawfully the criminal penalties but in terms of the fundamental benefits are available to individuals he cannot change law he can however he and his people are spreading the Department of Homeland Security can change the regulation so working backwards from statutes that typically takes between a few months and a few sometimes even more than a year so for instance the fee waiver regulations they could change that it would have to post they would have to post a and that proposal regulation the Federal Register there be comment period but they in the end they could change it but again they can't say they can't change the rule that says if you've been here five years you qualify for citizenship if you're married to a u.s. citizen you pause after three years if you've been living with that US citizen spouse they cannot change that policy they can change also so for instance they can change the the nested naturalization exam for instance right make it harder by fundamentally people qualify for benefits now they should apply for those benefits qualify for a benefit apply now and my column in the New York Daily News to every Tuesday and Friday by the way read it online I need to click through and you can follow me on twitter at a Wernick that helps do look you know if you don't promote yourself no one else is going to thank you so much a bit always does yes of course so people should have find that I was getting letters that were saying you know should I apply for my son my son is a derivative citizen he got assisted me should I apply for a passport I'm afraid because a trump I'm married to a citizen which I applied for my green card or shiny not because of Trump no people should apply now's the time to do before it gets bad right now there are limitations the court and the Congress have limitations on what the administration could do so I'd say that Val's the time to do it I talked about the prospects for immigration reform but that's a key thing and the people are doing that I mean that's why so many people are applying for citizenship I don't know if you're read but citizenship is substantially up okay now the red cards you're going to learn about no you're right one of the problems about knowing your rights is asserting your rights those are two different things we know for instance that we have a right not to speak to a police officer without an attorney president present but it's very hard to do that for the average person even for the not average person even for an attorney to be confronted by an authority figure who's either through cleverness or through creating fear in you to not speak to that person to assert your rights so some very clever people came up with these little red cards you'd have one in your packet and what we found it what some people have found is a handing the red card over it's in Spanish in English the government officer that iced officer has now notice the persons asserting their rights and they will abide by it now and you'll learn later that the typically ice comes to arrest people with what's called an administrative warrant that doesn't give them right to go into your house that doesn't that doesn't give them a right to make you answer questions Edison give them the right to make you give them their name if they have a judicial warrant which they never have that's different they can go on your house and this little red card is not going to do much good so they may come back later people should know that but I'm really pushing the red card because all this know your rights thing is very frustrating to me I've been doing this for way too many years and I've given know your rights trainings to way too many people and people talk to immigration they talk to migration it's not it's really really hard so you can reproduce these cars to have you get more there's some in your packet and when you go for the and you go for the PERT you know for the callin will give you more information itself about how people can get them how so the other thing is that what's going on is that when President Trump got elected a lot of people father is going to be this big drag net race I never thought so it's too hard it's too expensive you need cooperation from local you imagine trying to close down Queens Boulevard because you're raiding some factory out there and having to deal with the NYPD and mayor de Blasio and all our friends and city government very very difficult I don't see and in any event they can't support that many more people so what they're doing is they are targeting protocol criminals people who the same people that Obama targeted by the way Alma targeted two groups of people people who are deportable for because of their criminal record and people who they called abscond YZ those are people who are ordered deported but who never left abscond YZ they call them so it was never at Obama didn't support people who are not criminals that's not true the difference between Trump and Obama is that if in the course of arresting and detaining and abscond or a person with a criminal record they come across an undocumented person who is in either of those two categories they will detain that person they will detain that person and try to deport that person and person has certain rights that they can assert in deportation proceedings but people should should to the best they can go about their license if you have you know like I wrote in my comments stay away from criminals should do that anyways right but you said now people should know if there's a criminal alien in your family that that's a risk to you if you're on document you may decide to take that risk but you need to know that if there is an ex-con D in your family and you're living with that person you have to know that's a risk but if you're not hanging out with abscond ease and people with criminal records I think you're pretty safe especially in New York City but I think pretty much across the country all right but again that's the main difference the only difference that I can perceive in terms of rest attention deportation between the Obama policy and the Trump policy I think the Trump's plan is pretty clear he wants to scare as many people as possible to discourage people from coming and for certain people that are like out of work or having a hard time in the United States where they broke up with their spouse angry they'll go back to their country of origin so that's basically the text is he cannot deport people there aren't enough judges there aren't enough a government attorneys the deportation apparatus the United States is pretty much ground to a halt it's very hard to deport people again except for the abscond ease and certain people with criminal records it can detain they can detain for long periods of time at very high bond rate no bond at all and so many of those people are leaving but we don't want to encourage or participate in that fear-mongering like I said I'm constantly reading these articles about people who they're a mother of a US citizen and they're being deported but if you look in the background in almost every case they either have a criminal record or they're of scandi the same is Obama I'm not saying those people should be deported I don't think they should be but don't make it seem like it's a Trump thing it is not a Trump thing it's a calm thing and it's an Obama thing right okay good I see I seem to people seem to be listening good getting it the Muslim fans so the Muslim been you know that the courts have enjoined or stopped the Muslim Pam what the Muslim band did it was supposed to prevent individuals from in seven countries now have been reduced to six countries those six countries are Iran Libya Somalia Sudan Syria in Yemen from use that they used to have Iraq in there and then they figured out that you know that didn't really make sense needed after all if we pacified the country as was a joke at least somebody left so the muscles that the Muslim veins been joined that means it's not going forward and but what it purported to do is to prevent the issuance of visas in the entry to the United States the first one of individuals from from the seven countries the second Muslim ban and that included permanent residence under the second Muslim ban it took out Iraq and they took our permanent residence so if your permanent resident a green card holder even if you're one of these six countries even if the ban were to go into effect you can leave in and out of the United States if you had I'm just telling you this in case the band goes forward I don't think it's going through if the ban goes forward and you have a valid visa in your passport you can travel in and out of the United States even if you're one of those six countries if your visa expires and you need to get a new visa you're not going to be able to get one all right so that's what the ban does now why do I so the Muslim gays are joined by the courts I just wanna say or comment about that people say what do you think what do you think I think that the Supreme Court is going to uphold the lower courts on the Muslim ban that means enjoying the Muslim ban and Bush is going to lose and why do I think that I mean Trump from sorry thank you wish to do so great either in my humble opinion I think Trump is going to lose and here's why you know I teach a course I teach a course of brew college immigration law and policy and I teach the Mandel case and then Dell case it's a Supreme Court case that talks about what powers the president has in situations like this and if you read the Mandel case you would think well the president is going to win as it's going to win why is he not going to win because the Supreme Court justices read the same newspapers we read and they know that this Muslim ban is just a hustle it's a fraud that it's racist and it's against the Muslim religion and so I don't think the Supreme Court is going to want to go through history and have their children go to college or go to school and their brothers and sisters at the cocktail party or Thanksgiving have to defend this kind of racist crap that that Trump is pushing so I think I'm very very optimistic I wouldn't be surprised if it's even better than 5/4 could be 6-3 but we'll see I'm not really a constitutional law expert but I'm very optimistic and again that's why and if I had more time I tell you the same stories of the history of our laws that I tell my students about how many times in history public pressure and public sentiment has impacted the court you know the court is supposed to be neutral and impartial and follow the Constitution now they don't do that what they do is they do what we all do they look at the Constitution and then they think about voting like what's going on really what's really happening here and I don't think they think the Muslim ban is fair so what we're telling people is that even though I'm very optimistic you know if you have a beef that you can travel abroad but you have to be careful that if you have to travel abroad in from one of the six countries you're going to need a new visa so even though there's no Muslim fans that does mean a consular officer at a US consulate can't treat you unfairly and he or she does that you're going to be stuck abroad so we are discouraging I am discouraging individuals or here legally from these countries from going abroad unless they have a really good reason to do it in other words you're not going to go to France to on a romantic weekend in Paris on your honeymoon if you have a sick mother that's different then you go I say go we'll try to get through a visa we'll try and get you back we have four people stuck during the Muslim ban when the Supreme in the courts enjoined it we got them all back here I'm saying we mean acuity okay good so I told you I'm optimistic about the long term even so Trevor only four okay here's a focus you know what to do you've been through this if the court uphold the Muslim ban permanent residence from the targeted countries will be barred for entering the United States permanent hold the band determinate residents that's correct the Muslim ban is not apply to permanent residence and again it goes back to my thesis you can't put the muscle on everybody all at the same time all right good the answer is no very good you're listening future doc and daca travel I don't think doctors could in soon either same thesis you can't take on everyone at once you have 750,000 people with deferred action for childhood arrivals three over half of them are employed they're integrating society they have a lot of friends I don't think I think there's going to dothis not likely to extend people have extensions they should go for it there's no reason why they should new applications I say go for it unless you have a criminal record but again if you have a criminal record you're going to see one of us before you apply travel abroad I would say only for humanitarian reasons or for the brave and fearless you know there are people traveling abroad for study I reckon I'm recommended for short periods only but it's a judgment call and I think it's best if the person sit and talk to one of our attorneys and citizenship down or in the area where they are before they make that decision advanced parole I'm will be here okay now those are your interests in CPS this is what I'm going to say about doctor because the same rules apply if you enter the United States illegally and you travel abroad with advanced Pro which is permission to travel and then you are in a category for the media relative over the United States citizen you can interview here for your green card your illegal entry will have been forgiven so people who have a daca or TPS should travel abroad with the advance parole even if it's for a day there lasted on top of you who entered legally originally so Johnny cross the Mexican border illegally he's been here for a while he has daca he falls in love with a US citizen if he gets advanced parole travels to Mexico for a day comes back makes illegal entry he can live happily ever he's going to get his green card at six to eight months of happily ever after all right the same thing if johnny has a u.s. supply of them get married live happily ever after that's saying a lot I take it back let's say johnny has a US citizen son or daughter who's 21 years old those two both same thing PPS or daca goes abroad for one day comes back has made a lawful entry it's a green card six to eight months okay and pretty cool huh yeah remember it's only for media relatives of United States citizens and those are the sandpeople the qualifying the well there's a few other categories but it's mainly for people who are the spouse parent of a 21 year olds an unmarried child under 21 of a US citizen so the spouse is the most common going to be with the doctor cases that they're in the cohort many of them getting married I think they need to socialize more though okay very good you know one of the things those are you instill in school or playing go back to school laugh at the professor's jokes it's all it's fitting I can assure you it will help your grade patience patience is the toughest one is expect more than doctor because there aren't as many Haitians or 50,000 Haitians the key thing about the struggle for Haitian justice I think we can win it it's about color it's about the fact that the incumbent thank you for the five minutes but I can be less it's about it's really about a collar because you know the whole whole thing with Haitian TPS if you study the history of the Haitian community of the United States you know the black caucus in in it can Congress have been complaining for many many years about the fact that Haitians were not getting equal treatment to other nationalities and when the earthquake hit like this we knew those of us who knew the issue knew that patients were going to begin a temporary protected status and I think that given how unpopular Trump is with so many sectors of the society to really piss off the black community in the United States again you can't take on everyone and once I think that's very opportunity but it's going to take a lot of political pressure it's just a political question we can talk about all day whether Haiti can accept the 50,000 has it advanced is it not advance we know it's the poorest country in the hemisphere maybe the poorest in the world we know there's a cholera epidemic it's not a good place to go to people shouldn't have to go there let the people stay it's only 50,000 people it's a political question it's not the political leadership and if the particularly if the if the Democratic leaders in our country democratic party leaders in our country really push to push this issue we can win it so that's my lesson on that the same thing about temporary protected status as growth if the person came here ser officiously entered without inspection again a number of patients come to candidate yet Canada the nuts Amish Mexico some come through Mexico in more recent years but before 2001 9/11 a lot of patients will go to Canada and then they would come through illegally from Canada somehow or they'd be way through if people if people are they be hidden in trucks whatever if if a Haitian gets advance parole and it's automatic for Haitians they should go out of the country they should come back they make a lawful entry to Remini Ravel's they qualified so we're really encouraging people to do that and again the way it works is that if your immediate relative of your of a US citizen and all this by the way who can adjust status that's the term for interviewing here who can adjust status is discussed in Chapter five so you should take a look at chapter five and look at it carefully now next question poll question those with daca should not apply to re-register should not apply to re-register oh you got oh I wouldn't apply now that Trump is going to deport you you don't want to give your new address you don't want to give me your new address you want a new people step the answer is none of that no it's a it's a poorly worded question I apologize but the point is people with daca should be registered I think that's the answer if people call you and say I've got doctor should I register it you have to answer this way it's an individual decision I cannot guarantee you it will say can you guarantee me when I was a private lawyer they say can you guarantee me you're going to get me my green card I said I can't guarantee only God can guarantee and he hasn't told me about your case so I can't I can't guarantee for you okay moving along by the way I will be around all day and also if you if you want to talk to me about something that I haven't addressed or you want to follow up later and of course we can have a terrific question answer panel okay finally all question citizenship now rocks yes you bet right thank you so much [Applause] that is a tough act to follow one thing you forgot to mention was that on July 15th we will be back here or our annual citizenship application assistance day where we really call it our mega event we're going to be trying to assist about 400 people those who call the call in and appear to be fairly eligible to apply for citizenship will get transferred over by you guys to our RSVP line and they will get a further screening and an appointment to come to that event so you'll be receiving a link to register for this closer to the column it's the life of teenth is a little ways away yet but keep your eyes open for it now we are going to go a little bit more in depth with know your rights and how to prepare for worst-case scenarios not the most fun topic to discuss but pretty important and gives people a very practical idea of how they can help themselves or advice they can give to friends and neighbors to speak to you is Carmen Maria ray she's a deputy director of the immigration intervention project at sanctuary for families and she is in the process of being awarded a pro bono Award for her service to immigrants not just in New York City but across the country she's really active with helping people in detention and the no ban JFK movement so here she is Carmen right [Applause] [Music] perfect hello everyone and thank you all for being here a couple of caveats result that is completely undeserving praise but I guess that we've all had lunch and I guess that we're all sleepy and I get that this is not the most interesting part of the training which is why they left it to me because I won't be hurt if you don't laugh at my jokes all right okay so let's get started this is what we're going to talk about today first of all we're going to talk about potential new enforcement priorities or a by the federal government against immigrants in United States who are they prioritizing for deportation then we're going to talk about know your rice if you encounter a non citizen which is another word for immigrant right someone is not a citizen in the United States is subject immigration laws here yet that's everyone so if you encounter a non citizen and they have questions how do you advise them of what their rights are if they encounter Immigration and Customs Enforcement ice how do you prepare how do you tell them to prepare themselves in case they encounter ice and are unable to remain in the United States what steps should they take to ensure that their family and belongings are safe and then just some thoughts on how to allow them to find the appropriate type of help in their communities to be able to assess their immigration status and their potential ability to obtain legal status in the United States all right so shower pan um who actually give me a little panel thing raise your green panel if you think that all non-citizens are subject to deportation potentially all non-citizens are potentially subject to deportation all right that should be everybody's panel should be up with the green little thing all non-citizens that I mean anyone who is now born in United States who did not derive citizenship or who did not otherwise naturalized in the United States it's potentially subject to the US government either just putting them into removal proceedings and removing them or removing their status stripping them of immigration status and removing them that means that for example we have situations which is why you guys are so important and which is why having well people who are well-trained doing citizenship applications is so important we have individuals who've been living in the United States as lawful permanent residents for 30 or 40 years who do in Hoops and then suddenly find themselves before an immigration judge without a way of protecting themselves from deportation and permanent banishment from the United States okay so the answer is everyone is potentially subject to deportation which means potentially any non citizen is at risk of removal why Isis is at risk of having ice knock on their door and ask pick them up put them in the detention facility and try to remove them from the United States now it used to happen what was the case at least during the second half of the Obama administration I mean really always but specifically the Obama administration really pushed this what the government has estimates vary but generally they are 3 upon numbers about 11 million folks who are without immigration status and then another couple of hundred thousand who are have immigration status but are subject to having it revokes the government has to prioritize who gets reported and who gets to say simply because they don't have the resources to deport everyone as it is the Department of Homeland Security is the best funded federal agency in the United States and mostly that's their immigration units that are that are very heavily funded and that really comes out of the idea that suddenly and really this has only been in the last 15 years or 20 years the US government has decided to categorize immigrants as a threat to the United States that is not historically how we saw immigrants in the United States but more recently responses to 15 that after 11 to create the Department of Homeland Security heavily funded it and even then with all the resources that were throwing at this federal agency the number of potential people to the port is greatly exceeds the number of agents and judges that are available to actually handle these proceedings so the government's set list of priorities and during the Obama administration the number one priority were clearly people who are terrorists or who are national security threats and then people who had committed crimes that the government deemed to be serious and subjected them to deportation but really people who had never come into contact with immigration authorities before who were just here without immigration status they were really not at risk in fact the government policy during the Obama administration was that even if ice officers came to a house looking for a specific person who was a high priority for deportations and encountered other people in the home who had no immigration status they were not going to act against those people they were there just to pick up that one person who were the threat taken out of the home and put them into a removal into removal proceedings they weren't going to touch anyone else in the home that's not the case anymore the new administration has eliminated all prior existing removal priorities and has to some degree in stablished new ones the ones on the screen are the new ones this is really concerning for us because as you'll know people who simply have been charged with a criminal offense but who the courts have not actually convicted of a criminal offense what are our set well suddenly a priority for removal from the United States anyway you want to tell me I want to be brave and tell me why that's an issue for lawyers in the United States I mean aside from the immigration being conquest being terrible in the United States you're innocent until you're proven guilty it's a basic constitutional concept for us we have loyd order telling us this every day but not for the present so suddenly the shift has been really dramatic and it means up in this world we're not really sure what to do in certain cases so we're really me and other people that really should be the most concerned about immigration enforcement the issue is that there's also in the shift now that if I shows up at a house or at our workplace looking for one specific person now the policy is they pick up everybody right so the question really for us is it how do we advise individual clients of what their independent list is because in this current climate the answer is yes potentially everyone is at risk of removal these folks are a higher risk of removal but if you're encountering immigration officials and you are deportable or have no immigration status we can't guarantee that they're not going to fail to exercise discretion and put you in remove overseas okay anybody has any questions just raise your hand all right so a particular concern for us I'm quite of that positive the population that was listed in the previous slide are people who cannot establish that they've not been physically present in the country for two years or more when encountering an immigration officials and that's because there's been another program that was created in 1997 actually called expedited removal and the thought that program expedited removal has been in use since 1997 is actually the way that the United States supports the most people but since 1997 although the government has discretion to use this program against any individual physically present in the United States who cannot establish that they're a US citizen or that they've been granted asylum or refugee status and can not establish that they've been here for over two years the government has limited its use of the use of expedited removal to border area within a certain area of the border and to people who cannot establish in the United States for at least 14 days so we've had this program it's been in use the worry that we have now is that the government will in fact as they threatened to do expand this program across the United States you can imagine them in New York City where nearly 50% of the population is foreign born I mean I wasn't born in the United States do I now have to walk around with evidence that I've been in the United States for two years or more potentially it hasn't happened yet but this is one area of concern for us moving forward and we're going to address some preparation that we can advise immigrants to do in in cases expands we also are concerned because the government is very very concerned suddenly about smuggling and it's in one of the executive orders that was discussed by Allen earlier the government actually highlights that parents need to be stopped from smuggling their children into the United States now here's the real issue right we have a population of immigrants in the United States who came in the 90s potentially there's been no real revision of immigration law since 1997 and in 1997 it was a really negative revision of immigration law that made it nearly impossible for people once they violate immigration law in some way to be able to get stats so we're nearly in 1987 that's the last big revision the immigration act itself ate back of the 1960s 1960s it was a whole different world again I wasn't even alive in 1961 appreciate pretty sure Allen wasn't alive in the 1960s I'm never going to get the copier again Emma so you have an outdated immigration system and people especially who came in an elite line these came in because there were jobs available in the United States and they needed to eat and I'm talking for my clients maybe not all people did that but most my clients that's why I can't United say and what they did is because they were coming in to a world where they had no immigration status potentially or there were 100 percent sure of how that processes in at work or maybe they weren't going to stay in United States they left their children behind and they figured that eventually their being able to get immigration status were unified with their children but there's been no revision to the immigration laws allowed them to do that because normally for years forever we've done traditionally we've done amnesties every decade or so not anymore so we have families who've been separated for their children for decades can you imagine those of you had children having to not see your kids for five years 10 years 15 years they grow up without you so what families are forced to do because we haven't kind of in realization the law does not follow kind of people's experience right it's not logical at this point so what people are forced to do is to bring their children in my other means unfortunately that is smuggling that is aiding an individual to enter the United States illegally and so the administration has decided that in order to spend this practice so in order to keep parents away from their children they're going to heavily penalized parents who engage in this behavior no matter what the reason so we are concerned about parents and this is really common is what my parents did to bring into United States who either facilitate by some way either the painting false documents or bringing kids and immediately over the border over to rotate their children's entry to be okay we also specifically for people outside with sanctuary cities and honestly even in New York if you've been convicted of a certain hundred and seventy prime's that the mayor does not will not protect you from ice because of respect but especially outside of the city is really the five boroughs of New York and Connecticut Suffolk don't go up too far north in New York State we are afraid about collaboration between ice and local law enforcement so how many of you refer to secure communities okay that's pretty good actually for general population did your communities was a program that the Obama administration started and then eventually realized was horrible and stopped but basically what it did back program in 287g agreements is kind of a broad language for it but what those programs do is that they have local law enforcement so your local sheriff your local police department um enter into these agreements with ice where they will basically share any information about individuals that they stopped so what we've been seeing a lot is specialty Upstate is people who are stopped for things by driving without a license or a broken taillight with a police officer when they stop them will actually ask or about immigration status and then they'll take them into the precincts and their milk all ice in ice comes and picks them up at the precinct so we are concerned about individuals and my general rule is you do not leave New York City do not leave New York City no one should leave New York City so really that's why our property prices keep coming up right all right can immigrants still travel can non-citizens fill a paddle well you know all of us can travel if you're like me you get stopped every time you come back into the United States and they're very nice to you and secondary inspection all of us can still travel but the one thing that you know we do want people to be aware of is because at the point where you are between countries so before you've been through inspection at the airport you are kind of outside to some degree depending on your immigration status the protections of the Constitution of the United States I think about it we all know that border lines are contiguous right there's no actual lack of space between Canada and United States but intellectually you kinda have to think that there's this kind of road in between the two countries and that was just seven - that road neither the Canadian Constitution nor American Constitution policy so what does that mean means that the government has really broad search power I can make sense to some degree do we want the government to be able to ensure that the person coming in is not affect the United States yes but when you travel the government can search your electronic devices and trust me I have argued this up and down with them they can search them even if you're a lawyer in search your private client databases the general advice we give is please just get yourself a burner phone to travel internationally so you don't have an issue with them searching you're in private information otherwise turn your cell phone off and tell them that you're not giving them the password for the phone otherwise if they ask you for your devices they will go into your devices and download the information off of them and they can do that it's kind of it's a nebulous area right now it's being developed but I wouldn't I wouldn't risk it and it means that for any immigrants that are traveling you want them to a password let's protect their their electronics or not bring their electronics with them you want them to make Facebook profiles private you want them to make any social media private or to leave their accounts I can tell you for sure that ice I CDP USA is actually any kind of you encounter integration at this point they're checking your social media presence and they will use your social media presence to question you and then potentially deny you into the United States so all you young kids in here who are you know kept posting pictures with their like about how great marijuana is please don't or we compile it it'll make everybody a lot happier we have seen cases where the US government has denied admission to individuals because there's something in their social media has suggests that they've engaged in the he visit the US government denies an entry for yes so and none is image really important to know when you're dealing with Immigration and Customs Enforcement is that they lie they can mine not all of them line and I think every person that works for Edition Customs Enforcement lies but immigration officers when they come to someone someone's house looking for them where they come to a place of employment looking for a person can lie about who they are and why they're there and they often lie in order to gain entry into someone's home specifically so just because someone said that there's something you need to talk to you about something that it means that you have to believe them generally the onus is on that person to prove to you who they are and that's a really important thing for us to keep in mind because this is what actually happens with ice in New York at least especially in home searches I probably get to the office between 4:30 and 5:00 a.m. they generally leave the office around 5:30 they try to get to people's homes between anywhere between 5:30 and 7:30 to catch them before they go to work they show up at my house at that time I had on behalf of sleep I'll be completely kind of shocked by the fact that someone's knocking at my door and I'm likely to open the door because if somebody's knocking at their door that early in the morning you think it's an emergency so they take advantage of that so it's important to tell individuals the generally ice when they're coming they're coming they're doing rays early in the morning that's their general practice and it's important that if somebody knocks on your door you have to stop yourself let me care you put a sign on your door that says you're not opened or without a warrant but just they have to be aware that they're denied be lied to I usually use the stratagems like oh we're just looking for John Smith's something happened to this car downstairs or over just police we wanted to talk about this to the person about a report that they made last week or hey we're looking for your neighbor reposed to just talk to you can you open the door no all right generally the rule is if ice wants to get in they have to show you a warrant make sense right same rule is for police if you gain is you to gain entry into somebody's home they have to get a warrant signed by a judge I've usually walked into someone's home with a warrant but it's at an ice warrant and has no legal value it's a warrant a piece of paper that is just signed by a nice officer a supervisory officer that sets out that they believe that this person is not a citizen of the United States and so is an alien from the United and that they're looking for them and that an Isis mind gives them the right to detain someone but it does not very clearly does not give them the right to enter someone's home for that they have to go to a judge not an immigration judge I have to go to a judge judge and get a proper warrant they have to show call that's why they need that warrant I'm tell you in New York last year three judicial warrant for issued to ice three they detained thousands of people which means they have the right to enter three people's homes everyone else let them in so the problem that we encounter is that all of them about to talk to you wasn't allowed to talk to you about a lot of constitutional law the problem with all of this is twofold first constitutional law agrees these provisions put the onus on the individual it's not I have to do this it's the individual that has to protect their rights so what we're really saying and this is concerns a lot of US immigration attorneys or what we really have to advise people is you kind of have to do this and I know it's really hard cuz it's going to be 5:30 in the morning really petrified for your kids and you probably like most of us have been raised to follow Authority but we're going to need you to protect your rights so it's a very difficult thing to do it's a second problem which is that if that person doesn't do this then we have no means to argue that I said something wrong now these are not fair place mechanisms by the way okay so I'm going to walk you through what an individual would have to do to protect himself from ice but they're not failsafe even if an individual is I'm not letting you in my house I'm not going to open the door even if an individual says you are not allowed to search me even if an individual keeps completely quiet advise ice may very well still detain them I say very well still taken into court and we may argue that the person should be released because I violated the law by not using them anyway entering my house anyway violating therefore system the protections but the judge may find that yeah sorry too bad so sad the person is still subject to removal okay that's it then why what they walk with are these one-page warrants they don't have a seal and they're not signed by a judge so that's really the things that you need to keep in mind this is generally the broad differences between an immigration words and a judicial point if they have a warrant a judicial warrant they can walk in if they have a judicial warrant they can break your door down and come into your house that's totally fine they have these battering ram things just break into your house they don't need you your cooperation so the general rule is you person at 6:30 in the morning you're going to get paper slips on your door view I pick I'm not in your door you're going to try open the door but you're going to remember no I shouldn't open the door I have a sign up on my door that says you had open door I'm going to ask them which is what you should do ask them to slip the warrants under the door so that you can read it but let me be honest majority is my currents for one don't speak English a good percentage of my clients at least don't weed so I'm allowed to ask them to do that but instead what I befall to in you know really the cost of the door versus your detention don't open the door whether they have a warrant or not if they have the right kind of warrant let them break the door now they have every right to do that but it's the best way to protect yourself against inadvertently opening the door for someone who doesn't have a top of war that very easy for me to say right because I'm just showing with you guys I don't have eyes knocking at my door so if I said not at your door and if I set inadvertent if you do inadvertently freak out and open the door then you should and you do have the right to say you do not have the right hand I have they're probably going to enter anymore once you open the door that doesn't mean you don't have the right to say no really you don't have the right to enter and you do not have the right to search my house you should do that 17 are not going to do it but we all generally recommend that folks who don't have immigration status keep documents that confirm that they're not native to the United States I'll apply their home why can somebody tell me why convocation is definitely an issue but more importantly what does ice have to prove to put you into removal proceedings how do you know whether someone's a US citizen or not right can I tell you how often I go into court and the only reason I snow that my client is on a sentence in the United States this is my client handing them over there to make an Passport don't do it they might certain once they have the evidence you're then resentiment defensive and we're before a judge and the can control what happens the easiest thing to do is just don't keep don't keep documents on yourself don't keep documents in your home that confirm that you're born outside of United okay that said if you have documents that establish that you do have immigration status then please keep them in your home that's fine and carry them on your person otherwise for those people we really really heavily recommend that they get themselves in New York City IDs because the New York City ID program a since December no longer maintains information about individuals place of birth but also on its face has no information about where you're from which means ice can't use it to prove you're not a citizen of the United States also we recommend all those of you who are citizens united states go out and get NYC IDs because that increases the pool so that it's no longer an expert's one of those things that they can use to believe at someone is a foreigner went over this yep so just to recap if I showed up at your door what we tell non-citizens to do you tell them to slip the warrant under the door they can only come in you can you only have to open the door of a judicial warrant or even the best advice is let them knock the door down yeah and then once they're in your home you have to be vocal about what they don't have a right to do and the reason why is because we want to be able to put you on the stand if you end up in removal proceedings and have you testify about what you said to ice and how they violated the constitutional right in public is a little different how my mama asked you now because they how many of you have been detained by the police oh my god but it's the same as if you were detained by the police so if the police stop you or if I saw you on a street they have to have cost to detain you right what they can't do is they can't look at you and it's harming your immigration status otherwise nobody would know none are married so what do they do to determine that you are potentially subject to immigration law they ask you questions or they racially profile you either way the behalf of you I have probable cause for arrest and so if you don't answer their questions you're generally safe so this is how you respond if a nice officer stops you and they're generally by the way ice dresses in regular clothes the guys do usually men some of them are women whistle in some military background they carried on and they're wearing bulletproof vests with ice on the back with us or blue and it's usually says ice police and they're wearing jeans right so they're not you guys don't dress in suits they're gonna stop you in the street you're a secret I'm going to be undercover police officers honestly but they're I and they're going to have they're gonna ask questions and so what you say is um why writing self am I free to go okay am i free it out and you keep on saying am I free to go and if they say yes you lead you walk away you just walk away as fast as humanly possible and go hide somewhere and call someone to pick you up in a car right and if they say no then you tell and park my dream and then you shut up yeah you unfair you had a question earlier that in this video recorded a very good point my friends actually couple of months back what they were meaning to work yes yes so the video is the type of you talk to so here I'm going to the middle of the line approach it's totally fine to videotape them who are completely within your rights to videotape them both in your home and outside and actually videotaping there might be really helpful if we can get our hand on that videotape there demonstrates as a person didn't both are constitutional rights and those were not respected by ice right here's the thing though remember I said that people are military training and are carrying gun so what do we not recommend you do make any sudden movements or escalate the situation because they will shoot you and they will say shoot to kill okay so I'm not getting so what we say is ask them if you're in your home state I'd like to videotape it but don't suddenly go into your you know in your pocket so that they can think that you might have done outside as well just make sure that they can't somehow believe that you're reaching for a weapon we think that country really oh please my name over really difficult you know the US research but it doesn't it's not nice to me no it it's unfortunately because the Constitution of the United States applies everybody an opportunity in a safe place everybody who's physically present in the United States period but immigration law is not criminal law and so under immigration law you're kind of Indiana internet not addresses in your in the United States at the will and whim of the US government so the US government gets to set out the parameters under which they can choose to tie to a new home now I don't think that's legal I think they're really kind of stretching their power when they're detaining people because they were accused of a crime but not convicted of a crime I do think that it will not stand judicial review that doesn't mean we can stop them from doing it means they have to do it we have to have a good case we have to bring it before the right judge we have to appeal and hopefully we'll end up with a good decision that stops them from doing it again okay so review everyone has a right to stop ice from entering into their home everyone has a right to not open their door dice everyone has always refused eyes from searching their home everyone has the right to infuse ice cream searching their purses everyone has the right to get tube to refuse to provide information now it's a little fuzzy the one thing that's kind of like up in the air New York and certain circumstances does refer to give and require you to give your name to law enforcement we have a name yourself law but let's put that aside generally we tell people just shut your mouth and ask to speak to our attorney you have the right to not sign anything right and that's a good one for people and it's something to just keep on running to immigrant communities because people just don't know any sign words in front of them and they believe the officer who tells them what they're finding and they should never do that during the Muslim ban at JFK we had a bunch of patients as people who are long-term lawful permanent residents in the United States who signed documents renouncing they're lawful permanent residents and we're deployed as a result because they were told that unless they find them they weren't going to let them in anyway they sign them no still find anything about talking to an attorney talked about this before you find anything you should ask to speak to your attorney they will try to pressure you to sign those documents don't don't fold once you're pulled there's very little we can do and you have to understand what papers say they don't have to provide you papers in your language so it's important that you say I'm not feeling okay without talking to an attorney and it's also important and then my clients are terrible with this it's really important to keep copies of anything they give you do not throw papers away when they come from immigration authorities it's often the only way those papers are the only way to recreate what happened and what we've done against you so that an attorney can assess what your potential release might be okay you almost think you should tell them if I should prep at your house to detain you or they find stuff in the street and try to take you away you again should not confirm that you're born abroad you should not confirm your net in your nationality you should not confirm prior immigration status none of that should come out of your mouth the one or two things that you should say to them if they're if they're true is you should tell them is you're the sole caretaker for a child if you've got a kid and there's no one else to care for the kid your sole parent you just let them know that or if you have a severe medical condition you should let them know that as well those are the two remaining categories under which I use at the time of detaining someone can make a determination as to whether or not to detain them that's the kind of thing that we call de-escalating a sort of situation without potential you may be able to get away without being talked about this again as I mentioned if you do have immigration status or you're proof of a pending petition you should me not on you only because it might be a way for you to be able to defend yourself if they stop you and try to take you in from being taken in now that's what happens if I shows up at your door and those are the ways that you can try to protect yourself from ice actually being able to pick you up but here's the reality we've seen cases where the non citizen does everything right ice shows up at their door the nonsense and refuses to open the door ices ma judicial warrant they have to walk away and the nonsense and gets to stay inside their house what ice has done is literally just read it downstairs and then just sit there with the idea that sooner or later you're going to have to leave your house and they can pick you off okay so it's not an absolute usually we tell people you can at least use those hours so you find yourself an attorney make sure that your kids are ok make sure that you've done that you've let people know where you're going and that you've kind of gotten to a place where sooner or later they're going to pick you up but you're at a safe place to go into detention you've got everything you can to prepare for it you should have an emergency plan it spaces how to get you most likely sooner or later they will so what's it should your emergency plan contain you should keep documents that are important for purposes of immigration like your birth certificate your children for a certificate for certificates of any us's and family members and may be able to serve as a qualifying relatives where a friend or a family member can find them input really most importantly not in your house but somewhere where a family member can have access to them because your attorney is going to need them in order beside your case you should make sure that you have a place what we were telling people is to walk for at the beginning when we kind of weren't sure if the government was going to expand expedite removal we're telling you go to walk with a computer thingamajig it just showed my age a flash drive with a flash drive that contains documents demonstrated that you were in the country for at least two years right so that you have kids villages we have leases though really any relevant documents the government has to look at so anything you have receipts on purchases anything that shows that you've been here for two years have an attorney and it's and you have a way of contacting an attorney Amanda Meredith says in an emergency if that's not possible have a trusted family member or friend preferably one that has immigration status and have a way of contacting them even if you don't have their cell phone because what can happen and this happens is you randomly get picked up by immigration they transfer you immediately to some detention facility somewhere in God for bacon Alabama anyone from Alabama okay it's looking for a state all right system please that's very rural where there aren't any attorneys and they let you make you don't have the right to make phone calls and you have to here to pay for phone calls out of detention so you can just be in the detention facility and your family there's nowhere you are so it's important that you cuz usually what the babies can do is that they actually borrows call time from each other it's important to have one phone number memorized or someone so that you can let them know where you are going the pain try to save up some money generally if you're picked up and you're detained in some cases we can argue that you should be released after certain period of time and attention but it's often under bond which is the equivalent of bail but for immigration proceedings so we tell people try to save up some money just in case that you get the popularity bonds you're able to pay it think about your finances people have homes here they have businesses here to have money here it's important that you think what are you going to do in case I'm detained what is going to happen to that do I have an ATS or have a bank account as I'm under in a bank account that I can access internationally do I have someone who has the right to make legal decisions with regard to potentially the sale of my house is unreported so that I can get that money transferred to me in my home country what's going to happen my kids having made decisions about money that may need to be going to their education I want to go after their education and keep in the United States it is it is asking people to face their worst fears which people notoriously avoid is why I bet you money 80% of you don't have a well written but it's really really important for immigrants who are at risk of removal they don't these days potentially anyone without immigration plan is that that's evermore there is a forum for people who have children where both parents are potentially at risk of removal a post parents are on the birth certificate and both parents and one parent has the right to remain in United States custody of a child will automatically do time for it to that parent but if for some reason parental rights are terminated or there's no parents available you really should think about where your children are going about so a couple of things are important parents should be told to fill out the blue cards at their children's school that's the next emergency contact information was in for a contact information of people who are reliably going to be in the country who can pick up their children in case the parent is detained just so that the kids don't fall into ACS custody because they do then getting them out of a state custody is a nightmare and then also the parents should look at completing this form which i think is available on a family court website and in completing this form they can delegate basically their parental rights to someone who can take temporary custody over their children in case that their removal if you're looking for someone to tame by integration section nine of your manual people will call a hotline and they'll have all kinds of questions Emmanuel is an amazing resource but there is the process of finding someone within the tension is outlined in a manual the only issue is is that there's a tension hotline is sometimes a little delayed so it can take up to a week or an individual was detained and make it onto the hotline so that you can find them all right so let's say an individual and I'm certainly relaxed as I know on my pointing out is four minutes left so let's give individual in potentially at risk of removal they probably want to talk to an immigration attorney so I mean they can come to CUNY it is great it's great resource they can walk in to one of the CUNY centers and try to talk to CUNY eternity King to folks are probably gonna kill me for having said that but if he wants to get a private training just also viable if they have the means to do so they they should and there are ways that they can find a reliable immigration attorney the best people to go to our either immigration attorneys individuals who are recognized to be able to practice immigration law because they were recognized by the Board of Immigration Appeals which is the appellate immigration court in the United States the people that are not going to go get legal services from notario will have no legal knowledge written the required legal knowledge to be a notario in the United States unlike in country c'mon America they do not have the authority giving advice and individuals who have no legal training but report themselves to do so much at least in my family pretty much everyone my family tells me how to practice politics and you can easily bring as our section in your manual that has instructions on the heads of resources where to refer people and will be really helpful during the calling you can also refer to any of these websites the American Immigration Lawyers Association is kind of the place to go for some more include practices immigration law people should be warned to not give money without seeing a contract because it's common in many different communities first of all immigration cases are really expensive right so people don't blink an eye when an immigration attorney asks you for $25,000 to handle your case I I work for free I don't have a lot of money but it's common it's an expensive type of law because you have to pay or I wasn't earning to handle your entire case so they don't blink an eye on but you kind of have to have something to rely on you can't just hand over money to an individual make sure that individual gives you an attorney gives you contract make sure you understand that contract make sure that you mean to talk to your friends and family or maybe even another attorney about that contract so that you understand your rights within it the you should never be charged for immigration forms those are available on the immigrations website for free you should not be charged or getting on some late list that should not be happening um if there's no there's no need to do that NOAA should be firing blank form because the immigration form that you sign you are signing under penalty of perjury and the contents will be used against you by the government so you just never want to do that you want to make sure you understand and can confirm that the information on the form is correct when and the immigration so no attorney should ever be after you find a blank form no one should be keeping documents from you or anything like that um if individuals are calling because they're concerned about their attorneys or their legal representatives refer them to the hotlines integration thought is huge and you want to make sure that the proper authorities are investigating it so we can spin it as much as possible so these are the resources to be able to do that if you're looking just to chat generally about immigration or they're concerned about immigration enforcement these are the folks that they should call the office of the Americans runs a hotline in all languages from 9:00 to 5:00 every day all right I'm going to go over by two minutes I'm going to do your case studies with you okay everyone right that's right that's really short what should a Paolo do should go back all right I don't know how to do that oh I have to read it okay follow here go knock at his front door around midnight you look for the blinds and he sees three agents wearing ice jacket what should Paolo do should whole Chuvalo open the door right away No why are you waving you're resting if you think no follow should he the right part oh let's just slide the red cards or all should walk away from the door no Becca all right that's the answer okay now one of these as a kid vacuum bag - here's the aid and call out we have a Lauren open right now we're going to bust this door down all three agents are out there with their guns and their bulletproof vests and they're banging on the door and they're aggressive and tall is really afraid that his life is easier if he woken up or maybe they're all going to be picked up and taken away or maybe he's just gonna be embarrassed in front of his neighbors what should he do should he open the door because I have a warrant very good they should ask you have to split the warrant under the door or better yet you should just walk away from the door and go back asleep and let the neighbors think whatever the heck they want he's not going to do that but at the very least Jasin says to put the warrant under the door because remember unless it's a judicial warrant I ain't coming in ok so it's left that paper under the door he's very nervous of shaking picks up this paper they're still yelling and screaming and he freaked out and what should he do he should think a warrant to the warrants I've gotta open the door me scream guys I'm really scared about Rai very good you think it's time should read the Warrens he should understand whether or not it's a judicial warrant likelihood it's not a judicial warrant or again best thing you can do turn around as a vacuum it's not going to do that though all right very good and the best way to determine whether it's a nice warrant or a judicial warrant is to look for a judicial signature but yeah the best advice you can ever give someone is to let them find the door down okay so then Paulo couple Marco by who was walking down the street who's showing his weird job he gets stopped by immigration officers he the officers are there the Jews will be day laborers in the area plainclothes officer walked up with him woke up him and asked him to see his ID what should Paula do his head he's carrying his foreign work he should not do I'm carrying it and keep it in backpack should he give it to the immigration officer no very good he should say why not himself and I free to go and the officer said nothing is no I want you to tell me I wanted to show me your ID he said am I free to go am I free to go you say nothing other than am I free to go and if that since that officer on that piece discriminating against you or he's got a photograph of you in front of him that showed that you are in fact the person that he's looking for has no horrible contour Matthew eventually is going to say yes and you're gonna walk away as quickly as humanly possible and never walk by that street corner again all right you guys want coffee right can you also know who need the cookie after all that thank you we are going to resume back again at 3:30 the atrium right over here is where coffee and a snack will be available if you guys have questions for the afternoon session please make sure you get a blank card from us and pass it to one of our staff members so we can be sure to have it answered can you guys can you entered to your lap I present like no it's not oh yeah do you know how to get resolved oh yeah no fur is going to be walking around with some more index cards if you have a question and you want to write it down grab some cards from Jennifer and if you have a question that you'd like to turn in she can take that too and again we're going to save the questions until the last two presentations are over okay honey it's like bikini not like dr. John Davis like MS control administrated I mean I can here we go travel the whole business I know it's not as I thought it was like on the website I have a path toward together yes I think it's all tab oh don't you come back basically you yeah after you bullied - it's only innovation Oh thank you so much hello good afternoon folks my name is Monique Francis I'm the deputy director of CUNY citizenship now Zach and I here to talk today about the policies and procedures or the tips and procedures for the 2017 called in so far some logistical changes and a major update this year's call center is not at Guttman Community College we'll be right back here at John Jay we're going to be upstairs on the first floor so please make sure you do not go to Gutman please make sure you come right here we have some veterans who've been with us for more than eleven years so a lot of people will try to go to government but we will be right here from June 19th the call center opens up at 10 a.m. and we close daily at 8 p.m. we have three shifts repulses to from ten to one thirty one thirty to five and the fellowship that we are asking a lot more people to sign up for is relationship from 5:00 to 8:00 so if you already registered and you have some availability especially for the Spanish speaking volunteers we are asking for some more people sign up from leaches please when you get your thank-you email from us you can actually email us back and let us know if you have some more availability anyone a sign up just a quick reminder today is the deadline for the for you to submit your BIOS and your photos this year the daily news will be published in the BIOS online something that they have not done for us in the past so you'll get to share this wing with your friends and families you can check you out online all right some things about the callin and overall our goals for the week basically for the last 14 years the major goal for the call and is to make sure that we provide immigrant New Yorkers or regno around the country with access to free or low-cost legal service providers as an immigrant I know you know when I came to this country I did not know that there were a lot of agencies around New York City that you can actually just go in and get connected with an immigration attorney for free and we want to make sure that people know about these services and do not go to the tarios or unscrupulous providers we want to make sure that we're providing reliable referrals especially to authorized immigration service providers and also this is an opportunity for you and volunteers to give back to communities to be a part of this big a movement to you know help immigrants is to show your support for immigrants so some of the do's and don'ts as volunteers I'm be sheriffs and a deputy dog for the week we want to make sure that we are only providing immigration information and not advice and we're giving people directed referrals to the providers through immigration law health or and we're not referring people to private attorneys who have their own businesses or to for-profit organizations we're going to charge people we if someone does call and they want to get connected with a private attorney we ask you to make a referral directly through the New York City Bar Association or to the American Immigration Lawyers League lawyer search these are the two referrals that we're doing all for private attorneys please do not emphasize this as well do not give people specific attorneys we have a number of attorneys from a low who are volunteering with us we have a number attorneys from Bloomberg and Kathleen and other law firms who volunteer with us please do not give people private or business cards oh that is one of our goals so some of the volunteer guidelines that we have so again we're going to be stressing this a lot we are only providing immigration information and not legal advice we have a zero-tolerance policy against making private referrals we will actually ask you to leave the event if we do find that you're actually making referrals either to a private attorney or yourself as an attorney that's totally you know pumped about that please do not take the names of the callers or their phone numbers or any personal information for the caller's we give you a note pad take general information immigration information from them your hopefully triaging the calls we don't want to see numbers lying around or that type of stuff and also when you register to volunteer with us we did give you a copy of our volunteer confidentiality agreements and we also gave you a copy of the policy that we have on the unauthorized practice of law please make sure that you read through those for Monday when you come to it all righty so here's an overview or what we call your role as a call answerer for the week when you do come in on Monday or whenever your shift is you'll get an orientation from a staff member or hopefully another volunteer to tell you on how to operate the phone how to operate the tablet device that we have and all of the materials that you have including the training manuals will have the paddles today's the practice runs of these paddles make sure you get to utilize them during the week all righty we're asking you to read the script that we give you it's a standard script hello my name is such-and-such you call in CUNY citizenship now I want to remind you that I'm a volunteer I'm not attorney who's going to be providing you with legal advice we're asking you to also help us with making referrals to the owner hotline for any kind of immigration fraud in person told you that they were downed by an attorney or notarial to make those referrals and we also want to make sure that you're managing the expectations for the callers so some of the frequently asked questions over the last 14 years resolving me one of the highest on requestion that you're going to get asked is how do I become a u.s. citizen more than 50% of the calls are on that one topic on here I've been here one year I want to become a US citizen and the second most one is like how do I get a green card and you have to be able to like triage the issue for the person and give them that information in this card political climate we actually anticipate that the next two questions that you'll probably get the most questions on is I'm here undocumented where can I go to get a general consult or a legal screening and what do I do if I'm stopped by I swipe I'm arrested by ice with what resources are available to me so now let's review the materials that you have and the materials that they are going to be available to you on Monday I keep on saying Monday but it's two weeks away I know I want this event to come all right so thank you do before Monday we've been talking about oh thank you do before June 19th all righty you are going to get an email at the end of today's training that says thank you for coming and in there we'll have all of the resources that we gave you today there is a getting started document that we constantly refer back to it's basically an overview of how to answer the phones how to transfer calls how to put a call on hold those kind of basic stuff please make sure you view the dust myth orally and then your homework for the next two weeks is to go through the training manual sticking on the Train read the chapters familiarize itself with what's in each chapter and then Ken and Michelle are going to come up later on and give you more about the online versus that we have so some notable changes that we've made in this year's training manual tomorrow works really hard on this chapter one is only on immigration term there's a whole bunch of us GIS DHS I've always acronyms that you should familiarize yourself with I ask you to learn all of them but the basic ones USP is I th s the section on naturalization has been updated we have a new chapter on being prepared if you are arrested or stopped by ice or if you come in any contact with immigration and also for undocumented immigrants what they need to do right now and actively start making steps towards you know preparing if they are stopped by an immigration officer the chapter on document renewal and also the chapter on how to get copies of your immigration records also has been updated and in the event of technical difficulties with these tablets that we don't have yet there is a whole section on paper a paper version of the referral so we have in the back of this quick easy referrals that you can make okay I know but is that all right Thank You Monique so when you actually get to the call and make sure you're on time for your shift the shifts again are from 10:00 a.m. to 1:30 1:30 to 5 5 to 8:00 p.m. try to arrive a little bit early because you get a mini orientation on the day of from your station supervisor to go over a lot of what we're talking about today and you want to get settled in have a chance to look over your getting started guide before you actually start picking up the phone so the next step when you get to the callin if you pick up the phone we have a script to follow we ask that you don't deviate from the script citizenship now good morning good afternoon I want to remind you I can provide you with information but I'm not an attorney and cannot give you legal advice how may I help you so that's very important that you that you specify that that you're not an attorney you're not there to give them legal advice a lot of you are attorneys right and you're going to come to us and be serving as volunteers and answering the we still have to get follow the script because we're not asking you to act the capacity of an attorney on the day of the event and in any case even if we did have immigration attorneys answering the phones we wouldn't be giving legal advice over the phone just general information and referrals so yes just make sure you review the script and you stick to that we'll have an English and in Spanish depending on which room you're in and it's important that you follow descriptive because you establish right from the beginning of the phone call that relationship with the person that you're not here to give them specifics about whatever their situation is but instead give them general information like how much does it cost to apply for citizenship you can look that up and tell them on that not how does my criminal history affect my eligibility to naturalize right so the next step is after you ask how may I help you people like to talk they like to tell us the stories when you're listening to them you want to like pick out a few key parts that will help you figure out as quickly as possible what are they actually looking for is it are they looking for help with naturalization because they won't become a citizen and they already have a green card are they looking to get a green card are they looking for help about raids about family members abroad so you try to pick out just the key facts that that people are calling about and you know write down what are their concerns like maybe I have criminal convictions you don't ask about the details of that you just want to find out know where did it happen maybe and this is where you can go to get those records that will help you when you actually get an appointment to see someone later on down the road and if people are going to and you're going to be using their resources that we have again the training manual this will be available online as well and a PDF version and on the tablets that you'll have the day of with all of these I'll show you in just a minute what the landing page looks like you'll get a sneak preview before everyone else because it's not public yet but the website actually has all these different tabs like little icons that you can click on too and then find some of this information without having to flip through this book we also have how to read the visa bullets and if you remember from this morning talking about family immigration when people want to bring people over to the country there's different categories and different waiting times so we have something that helps you learn how to read that and then we have links to websites like immigration law health org which you'll learn a lot more about in the next presentation that will help you make referrals for people so providing the information so after you've listened to someone you've kind of figured out what they're looking for what the type of type of case it is what's having questions they have then when you want to provide information put them on hold first give yourself some time don't feel pressured to have an answer right away don't start stressing out about how long they're on hold you know people are just very grateful to get information they are willing to wait right so when you put someone on hold go to the tablet start checking through the manual if you need to answer like general questions that you think you can find an answer to and then if there's something that you're just not sure what they're asking or if it's too complicated don't forget to always use this right raise your paddle ask for a supervisor in the room that you'll be in we have two rooms one just for Spanish speakers and the other one is multilingual so in speakers of English and other languages each of those will have four to six supervisors at all times to keep the ratio of supervisors to volunteers as well as possible and the supervisors will be attorneys and accredited representatives who are experiencing immigration and who'll be able to help you with any complicated questions that may come up okay and in each room I don't know if we mentioned this already but there's 40 phone lines so each volunteer prefer phone line right which is an increase from the past years how many do we have last year we had 24 in each room last year so now we're up to 40 because we're anticipating a large volume of calls this year which is why it's really important especially if you are Spanish speakers to sign up for the shift 5 to 8 p.m. we always get the most calls because that's when the ad goes out on when you see them and people start calling us a lot so yeah the point of the slide is to just never be scared to ask question there are no stupid questions I went over the authority and another thing to keep in mind is how many of you have been to our Saturday events before our application assistance events so about half little over half the room at those events we have people wear these sashes like beauty pageant sashes to signify that someone is either an eventful person or a supervisor will be those sashes will be coming back for the Colin so you'll see in the room someone who's wearing a sash that means their supervisor so you can always flag them down to ask any questions that come up all right step 5 this is one of the most important steps from the call that year that you're going to be providing the caller with is the referral and we don't want you to just refer them to us the communication mister now we have more than enough people that that are waiting too for our services and we want to spread spread the love around to other service providers within the city and people are going to be calling from all over the country essentially which is why we're going to use this online resource where you can look up using someone zip code service providers within a certain radius of where they live so when you use the online resources you want to make sure that you're giving referrals that are directed immigration law health org is a great resource that not only gives you service providers within that in that geographic location but also breaks down the types of services that each organization provides so not everywhere will help someone who's in deportation proceedings for example we don't really do that at CUNY citizenship now we're a pro se assistance project we help people permanently file applications like for naturalization and other things so when you're looking on the website which they'll explain to you in the next presentation you want to make sure that you're choosing at least two to three referrals per her collar to give them options of places to go that are appropriate for what they're looking for see and you want to manage expectations too for the caller's let them know that just because you're giving them this phone number or this address and a name of an organization that doesn't mean that they're going to get an appointment it doesn't mean that if they do get an appointment that the attorneys there will it take their case and it doesn't mean that they're going to get an appointment right away places often have long wait times everyone has their own intake procedures so it's very important that you let people know that and that that's why we give them at least two to three options when they call and another thing to keep in mind is you know organizations change the way they do services maybe they have changed the types of services they provide after the last update on the on the website that we're using so always keep that in mind as well so different from previous years we now have everything available online that you that you would need on the tablets you'll go to a landing pages I'm going to show you on the next slide on our website that has links to every single thing that's in the training manual that is that everything that you would need to make make a referral and to get people to write information but you know you always have the training manual in case of technical issues or if you just would rather use that instead of trying to use the tablet all right let me this is the screenshot of what the home page looks like we're going to show you just really briefly again this is your special preview cousins hasn't gone live yet so this link will be on your tablet when you get to your your station during your call in week shift here is before you get started it's sort of our getting started guide it'll show you a PDF of how do I operate the phones with like screenshots you hit that for headset or if you're using um what is it cause I can't remember the name of the handset there we go how do you how do you transfer a call one thing that that we do at the call in is we use it to make um anyone who calls within the tri-state area who wants help applying for citizenship we can give them an appointment to come to our citywide event that will be on July 15th so if you ever get anyone looking for that kind of service you'll be transferring them to one of our staff members on hand will be making appointment for that so we have instructions about how to do that we have the training manual like I was showing you each of those tabs is a cute icon here that you can click on to find more information is links to the most popular forms from USD is Carmen mentioned that you should never have to pay for four forms from USCIS they're all available for free from their website and the most popular ones we see you're like the n400 application for naturalization the i-90 to replace the green card and hi 912 to request a fee waiver I want 30 relative petition more information about naturalization we have other immigration issues here the immigration law health.org website the New York City Bar Association and the a lo lawyer search down here we have how to read the Visa Bulletin for family based immigration department of state forms and fees from USCIS how to get referrals for English and civics classes to know your rights and preparedness stuff the common was talking about and this is moving the next presentation as well as tools for immigrant New Yorkers website and some planning tips reporting immigration fraud is a really important one here's the phone numbers that we've been talking about from Ellen Ed's office of new Americans run by New York State people can call their to report scam the caller survey not all of you will be asked to do a caller surgery but if you are it's right here in English and Spanish just to ask people from some demographic information so we can collect data about the calls and then volunteer BIOS if you submit one again you have until midnight tonight we're going to send you a thank you email out after this training with the Lincoln Goods if you haven't done it some of your photo and bio so it'll get it on to the Daily News website and it'll be here on our website as well sorry let me speed it up all right again here's information about our our mega event and how to make referrals yeah and this was all in the website I just I just showed you and yep yeah and the caller survey we want to get at least 15% of the calls to do this caller survey so we can collect some information and kind of know who is calling us and how we can improve our services for the next year that links going to be on the tablet and then finally we want to remind you we'll be right back here at John Jay and the gymnasium on July 15th to do a mega citywide event where we aim to serve between 400 to 500 participants in a day with with help with their naturalization applications it's a really big event it requires a lot of effort from volunteers that we want to recruit as many people as possible and if you want to get more information about that you should register to be a member of the volunteer corps by going to CUNY edu citizenship now backslash volunteer and you fill out your information and get on our mailing list and you'll get more information about not only the citywide event but all other volunteer opportunities that we have throughout the year so with that if you have any questions make sure to write them on your card and we'll get back to them in the Q&A session Thank you Thank You Monique and Zach it's just a reminder again these are sort of you know the putting together how do I actually use the information that you guys gave me in the morning to answer these questions you know how far should I go what is information versus advice even mean you know this this section is is going to help you put into practice everything that we've discussed up until this point and we have another us to round out the day Monique and that were the first duet and the second duet is Michelle who's the live help chord Michelle born is a live help coordinator for La Health New York and CUNY law grad and accountant Ramsey who is the program coordinator for the immigration advocates Network and these guys are the technology experts so they will show you you know how to utilize these resources and please in the meantime feel free to use them and to you know provide them as information to other people [Applause] yeah all right hi everybody I didn't I didn't pick up a nametag but I'm Ken Ramsey I'm the program coordinator immigration advocates Network and I know I'm Ken ramps because I have his wallet right here so yeah you know it's done this like three or four times in the past three or four years and it's only like a really really beautiful day weather-wise outside when everybody has to stay inside for the day so I think that's probably a testament to your you know your dedication to this so thanks for being here uh so yeah I'm going to talk about immigration law help I'm going to talk about Ian broadly as well and then Michelle will come up and she'll talk about law health New York so real quick what is Ian the immigration advocates Network or yen is a collaborative effort of leading immigrants rights organizations designed to increase access to justice for low-income immigrants and strengthen capacity of organizations serving them introverts more effective efficient communication collaboration services among your Sabbath absolutely is very very free easily accessible comprehensive online resources and tools data three times fast okay so what a minute elevator I'd say that we offer online resources and tools to help immigrants and to help people who are helping immigrants with legal issues and so very very happy that CUNY is always asks us to be involved with the callin and use some of our tools during those events um so one of those tools that we'll talk about today is immigration law health now this is a of different Union sites and all of them use this online directory the national immigration legal services directory the one that we'll be talking about today those immigration law hope that orgs so this directory just a really quick background there's more than a thousand organizations in here they're all nonprofit and they all provide immigration legal services with either attorneys on staff or with accredited representatives on staff I think we're saying DOJ representatives who formally BIA representatives on staff so we vet these organizations and update their information on an annual basis of course that doesn't mean that their information can't change like literally for the next day but we keep it as up-to-date and accurate as possible all the organizations in that in the directory are free to contact us to also update their their information as it changes so I said there were over a thousand organizations in the directory it's all 50 states and there are 163 organizations in New York State alone which actually makes you get second to California so you know keep up the good work and maybe we'll be first next year okay so we just took a look at this vector showed it to you this is the home screen for the tablets and you know each of you guys get those tablets I don't think you get to take them home they get to use them for the day so that's that's good that's really cool because this used to be like a like all paper-based you know I think there was like a phone book or something yeah yeah so it was huge so all the stuff is online now and that's awesome you guys will have the the tablets to utilize like a ton of information you get the simple home screen and you'll be able to hop around and find the information that you need okay so exactly through all the different sections so I'm not going to repeat that but like I said you get the the real simple home screen so jump off point you can tap on the relevant section and find what you need to do okay let's look at immigration law health all right okay so it looks like according to what exactly showing us is that you can access this information in in different sections within the environment and on the tablet that you'll be able to use so it's immigration law help that org and I think the easiest way for everyone here to use it at this event is actually to when you're right use it to ask for the callers zip code or the zip code where they're looking for information and if you look in the upper left corner you'll see that's the spot to introduce up code and hit go and you'll be you'll be set you can also search by detention facility if that for whatever reason is is relevant I don't recommend clicking on the states and I'll tell you why I mean this you know neck of the woods it's you know the hop skip and a jump and you guys are in New Jersey or you're in Connecticut and searching by state just might be a little bit cumbersome because it's going to create you're not gonna be able to look in Jersey clicking on New York State which right it makes sense right so search by zip code and you're going to get multiple states all right and then you get your results so this has some real basic information for each of the organizations that are in the directory you're going to get your areas of legal assistance give you types of legal assistance and location and contacts I think this is actually an old slide it's an old screenshot so you see we see up there that Zappa is up there which is a program that's not happening so don't think that we're not aware of that so that's not going to be what you see when you when we look at the results during the term Colin but you will get a list of all the different organizations that are closest to that zip code that you search by and you're going to get mileage for it too it's going to the the results will tell you this organization is one mile away or two miles away from the zip code that you search so you can really give folks good information active information information for organizations that are nearby so I think best practice is to give two or three information for two or three different organizations and and that you know a person calls the first organization they might get you know a voicemail and that voicemail might be full which happens all the time so give them three organizations and they're likely find an organization that can help them so again this has all of the areas of legal assistance that an organization provides some of them just do naturalization some of them just do daca or whatever you can drill down a little bit further scrolling to the bottom of the page and you get this list of results global bottom of the page and click on the plus sign and you'll be able to see the plus signs on the right side you'll be able to check off the different areas of legal assistance that you'd like to search by and some of the things to populations sir languages spoken other I mean there's you see it up here there's a lot of different areas you can really refine your search and make it effective and then your new search results exactly the same now you can also click in to these specific results if you click on the organization's name you're going to get a like 50 points of data on those different organizations so if you want to go in even further you can do that but I think it's you know suffice to say giving them the name of the organization the location and the contact information will be really helpful so phone number and email address here's the thing though all of these like 163 organizations in New York State 1,100 organizations across the country every single one has a unique policy or how they accept new clients or referrals so please encourage callers that when they reach out to these organizations it doesn't mean you're in because you've got their phone number they have their own policies they have their own their own capacity to to accept new cases and new clients and so you should just be aware of that and pass that information along um and that's all be given three organizations right so they cannot the first one is a bus stick and they can try the other ones all right moving right along so now when you're done you want to search again you can just go up and click new search you could click the immigration law help logo at the top of the page and you'll get back to that page with the map on it so anytime you want to get back to the homepage you can click that logo immigration law help open the results you can just click new search and you'll go right back and you can get started again um that is it on my part I think I get to come back and do some quiz questions with you nice people in just a second so uh hi my name is Michelle boring and I work with law help New York LA New York is an organization that provides legal information on a range of different civil legal legal issues that low-income New Yorkers may face one of them being immigration but more relevant to today we recently developed sort of a separate microsite that we connect to on our our basic law help New York site which is law health and wide org which is called tools for immigrant New Yorkers and this really developed this in February and February in March sort of when the flurry of activity and sort of panic occurred across our nation obviously as immigration enforcement was scaled up and so this it's important to understand who this site is geared towards it's really for those who are the name doesn't imply that but it's really for those who are at risk of deportation and we've learned today that unfortunately that seems to be a much larger pool of people than then in the past so those are undocumented those Jews to status may have expired those who we have green cards but have certain criminal convictions that they fear may make them deportable etc so I'm hoping that you don't have to give the out too too many people because hopefully many of the people that call actually will be eligible for citizenship and are not concerned about possibly being deported but the reality is that there will be some people who this will apply to so I just want to walk through this a little bit I this was what happened was when you know the flurry of activity happened and earlier this year a lot of organizations many of whom we have presented to us today came out with great resources that know your rights resources the the red card for you know to show a law enforcement officers etc so what we did many of those resources legal services were not always the best about providing information in a technologically friendly way so we have great three you know trifold pamphlets that we hand as the people who walk in our door but there's obviously many many people who never walk through our doors and so a lot of New York tries to fill that gap by providing information to an online medium that people can access even if they never set foot in a legal services office so tools perma-grit New Yorkers is one of those resources and so we basically did a scan of a lot of the resources that were being produced at that time and try to pick and choose those which we felt like covered the the range of issues that this particular subset of people will be facing and also those frankly that are more amenable to being provided through a web-based mechanism particularly mobile phones because more and more people are accessing information through their mobile phones and not a full you know desktop screen so you can see it's hopefully it's self-explanatory but we sort of organized the information into three buckets for this first video I don't think I can point is just a basic millwrights video produced by the ACLU American Civil Liberties Union and it's the same stuff we've been hearing today just a different format we all know that everybody takes in information in different ways some people are going to do it for a YouTube video better than they are reading through you know a PDF so that it's going to be a lot of the same stuff that Alan and Carmen talked to us about today the first column as we pod prepares and there's I just want to point out the first piece at her you can't see it this is the URL by hours by immigration and this is what you can provide to people who may be calling obviously you all have this information that is linked to on this site in your manual but it's not all going to sink in in the time that you have with somebody on the telephone and so if we can give people additionally in addition to whatever information you're going to be providing them on the phone this website they can then go instead of taking the information at their own pace hopefully passed it on to friends of family members etc so the the first I'm not going to go for all the resources that are linked here but basically there's one about knowing your rights if you're in touch with ice and this one in particular is one that's been created by the immigrant defense project which does great great work and it's the state it's all the same principles that we learn from Carmen and Alan Spain the second one is you can click on to carry a rights card that people could print out from their own computer and make their own little red card if they aren't able to get a physical red card from a great legal service providers and I want to do I did want to take some time mesquite wants to see if I can click on this this picture here is we call it freedom emergency plan oh okay let's do other right let me just click on it again here yes it is okay so maybe we don't have a lot of connection all right well that's right if you want to check it out on your cell phone you can it's hot off the presses we're working with Legal Aid Society Legal Aid Society to basically create a dynamic web based version of some of these recommendations that people like Carmen shared with us today about you know getting together the your important documents appointing somebody to be a temporary guardian for your child if you happen to be the sole care provider for your child I've no idea why this that's right um you it will be live on your tablet so don't worry about it and actually if you do click on that when to get out of this now you there will be a link to that form the person form to designate a person in parental relations that then you know takes you through to the office of Family Court website but it provides more context and it provides an FAQ about who it's for and what it does etcetera so anyway we think that that resource currently only exists in English we're translating into Spanish and fully intend to have it available by the time of the Colin on the nineteenth and I also want to point out this middle column we call to respond which the first picture will link actually to acuity citizenship now resource that tells people how to request on the second one I'm sorry actually it's a lat the third picture down connects the immigration law health and then this final column over here to connect with advocates provides a lot of the same numbers who talked about today the office of for new Americans we're two reports scams an immigration fraud if you are witness to a ice raid there's a Legal Aid Society has to develop the hotline for that and then down here we actually have a calendar that is dynamically updated on a daily basis with then know your rights event clinics events like uses the the Colin that people can check that out to see if there are events in their burrow near them this is actually a state it's a statewide resource so we also list things in other parts of the state but it's a really great way for people if they're getting tired of just hanging on the phone line to go see if there's a legal service provider that's anywhere close to them it is available in Spanish the whole site is available in Spanish if you just click on that little toggle up there and that you can either give people that URL or you can just tell them to go to lhamo and wideout org slash immigration and click on this little tab um and I think thanks alright so we thank Michelle I think we have just a couple minutes so we can do some case studies that we'll go through so real quickly what information can you provide to Andre Andre heard about the Colin from his cousin in Queens he's calling from Bethlehem Pennsylvania and wants to know if he's eligible for citizenship so what information can you provide to Andre can you explain that this is a New York based event and you're unable to give them any information or using Andre zipcodes search immigration law help Lord for an organization near him that provide citizenship and Naturalization oh this is awesome wow this is really cool I hadn't like that okay everybody's got it right okay yeah all right deal all right so yeah using Andre zip code search immigration law health Gorgas we just went over and provide three organizations that might be able to serve them what information can you provide to crease those priests those things you might be eligible to naturalize you've read some information online and said he just needs an attorney to review situation very briefly here's the day off tomorrow and wants to drop in and talk to someone what information can you provide explain that you can get them information organizations near him but he will have to contact them to find out their claimant availability or put Rousseau's on hold well you call three organizations near him to see if there are any available things tomorrow okay all right so the answer is this one yes explain that you can give them information but he's going to have to contact those organizations on his own and they all have their own policies about accepting new clients so I don't mean to sound like a broken record but I'm going to sound like a broken record okay yeah okay what information can provide to the air mo the mo was recently screened at an immigration clinic where he told where he was told he was not eligible for any immigration benefits he wants to know if there's anything he can do if he comes in contact with ice so now there's nothing he can do to help you never seem to be connected i or suggest he checked out tell your rights information on the tools for immigrant New Yorkers page especially the know what to do if I stops you and carry a rights card section awesome everybody in this room is really smudged there it is oh don't forget to don't forget to provide him information from the training manual - where's the training right here this was nice it was really nice I'm kind of copy as well all right cool what information can you provide to Daniela Danieli is undocumented but she heard from a co-worker that she may be eligible for some form of immigration relief she just doesn't know how to find reliable info okay using her zip code and immigration law helped org fund an organization near her or refer her to MeV or --g a new site that conducts a free and anonymous immigration screening which is also made by my company so you can refer her to organizations near here using the immigration law helps out our but I got to put in a plug for Emme org as well and check it out if you have a couple minutes I think that's it final tips okay so make sure you tap on the correct section on the main menu so that's speaks for itself the fastest way to find organizations is by entering the collars zip code into immigration law health gorg like I said click on state you're just going to get state and you're not going to go cross into New Jersey or and here's the other thing to my understanding is that the folks who are calling in may actually be not in the tri-state area they could be calling from wherever in the country so immigration law helps out org covers wherever it covers fifty different states so as well as DC so you can provide that information that way just by searching by zip code policy and procedures for each organization are different and some have waiting lists the services they provide might change appointments might not be immediately available so that's the broken record prior to keep talking about give the caller info for at least three different orgs and their area organizations in their area and if you have a question raise your hand and talk with a supervisor and then enjoy the experience cuz it's fun to help people and you guys are all really awesome for doing it so thanks a lot [Applause] thank you so much to our lovely partners at Ian's immigration law helps at work and want help New York you guys are the best thank you for doing what you do and keeping information all in one place and you can look at it on your phone you can look at it anywhere you can tell people go to this website it's nice and easy so how many people feel just a little bit overwhelmed by all four people that's totally normal we are going to try to wrap up everything that we learned today into a bow as possible we're going to answer some of the questions we didn't get a chance to answer in the morning if you still have a question that you'd like to ask you can see Jennifer in the back for a blank card and she'll run it up front on to Zach and unique we're going to ask our panelists questions and I want to introduce our panelists to you we have Tom Shea who you may remember from his appearance this morning very briefly he's a supervising attorney at our kini Express immigration center next to him we have Wilford Zamora who's a staff attorney with our city council services he's at 2 billion different offices around the city during the day and he also helps out with our national initiative we have Stephanie Delia who's the supervising attorney at the City College immigration center one of our longest coldest immigration centers and we have abogado Carmen ray from stuck around to be with us and to answer questions because she's crazy like that so without further ado oh I love you mention I'm sorry we are going to talk about the afternoon topics and any topic any questions you have if it's a procedural question that's fine too if you are listening at home or your office you can send questions to our Facebook page at CUNY citizenship now or via Twitter at CUNY Citizenship you can the hashtag citizenship now or you can email questions to commute citizenship now at gmail the prompts are up here too and let's get started with our esteemed panelists alrighty Carmen why does it help to have to have been here for two years and do you have a right to have a phone call I'm sure that's a lot of undocumented person do you have a right to have a phone call um not in the criminal way that you have a right to have a phone call so in think they may allow you to make a phone call but you don't automatically have tried to do so unless it's to call an attorney I think I actually don't think there's a specific case on that but I'm happy to take a look and get back to you guys so why did it help to have sweets opinion that's actually a really good question so you guys remember back an hour and a half ago that I said that we were concerned about the about the government expanding a set of laws that has been on the books since 1997 but that the government had interpreted very narrowly until now so it's about expedited removal we are concerned lawyers around the country are concerned that the government is going to expand this program that right now they're only using at the borders where they take someone who cannot prove that they've been in the United States for a certain period and subject them to a deportation process that's very very simple and it does not give them access to a judge and so that's why we want people to at least be able to get before an immigration judge which they would only be able to do if they extend this program which they haven't done yet but if they expand this program they would only be able to do if they can establish they've been in the country for two years or more that makes sense all right next question um when ice places someone or a couple in removal proceedings what happens to their younger infant US citizen children can ice compel the removal of the US citizen children toughy they're US citizens cannot be subject to removal but the practical effect might be if the parents are both undocumented and they could be ordered deported from the United States they might take their children with them their uses and children with them or the US and children might end up in foster care or the US citizen children might end up with other family members or close family friends in the United States and for that reason it was a port I think Carmen covered the the preparation that you do in advance especially in this current unique political immigration environment that you take in advance to ensure what happens to your children should the worst possible scenario occur are there any grown upon which individual citizenship can be revoked so yes there's actually a really interesting case that's up before the Supreme Court right now where the government alleged that even an inadvertent misrepresentation on application for citizenship or for some immigration relief could be basis for the government to revoke your citizenship at any time after you obtained it which made us all quake in fear because you know we all make mistakes and it was actually really interesting because the Supreme Court responded back to the arguments by the government by saying I think it was as Judge Sotomayor that said something like so you mean every time I lie about my weight I could put 10 in the government again that's that's actually exactly what we're arguing so yes there is a basis and generally it's either that it's generally it's that you made a misrepresentation in the course of applying for immigration relief that's why by the way we always look at cases so carefully when someone comes to apply for citizenship and they've have marriages for example they have a marriage then they have a quick divorce a quick remarriage and then they divorce that person they marry that first person again or they have children in the course of an existing marriage with someone else so we're looking at immigration fraud we're trying to issue spot whether the government may have caused to move to take that person's status away or that could be a problem for them in the future but there are in fact be naturalization units at US Attorneys offices that that work to do this all right next question is about your rights during an interaction with a immigration officer if you choose to remain silent do they have the right to take you to jail so they shall take this winter so you always have the right to remain silent when you come into contact with law enforcement and is in fact law enforcement officers um louder can everybody hear me okay great so what I said before is that you always have the right to remain silent when you come in contact with law enforcement including ice that being said if they have proper warrant then they will be able to arrest you but when you do come into contact with ice or any other law enforcement you should actually remain silent and not give them any information because that information can be used against you right we have a maximum defense attorney service maximum we say the fish got caught because he opened his mouth right keep that in mind that's a really good one just keep your mouth shut they need probable cause to enforce it before listen I taught you something I just won today upon entering at the airport can you refuse access to your cell phone or other devices yes okay um can you refute you how you can try IV is is there we go you can try but CBP does reserve the right to look at all your ear devices if you refuse they they could potentially confiscate your device can you be denied admission deny denied admission on the basis of it if you're a US citizen you cannot be denied admission but you can have your device confiscated for an LPR it could become a little bit more problematic it can for an LPR for example they can try to issue you a notice to appear they can confiscate the device or let you into the country issue you know severe they'd have to cause for it but it is an escalation right it really depends it has to be a case-by-case determination by every person to decide whether or not it can they can make that escalation I dare them to do that because I want that escalation it was a long way I get out my aggression against the government I don't know that I would a non-immigrant I would certainly not advise them to escalate I would advise them to travel with a burner right and of course you you run the risk of taking into secondary basically being delayed they're going to be CVPs within their right to not let you through until they're perfectly satisfied that you are what they say that you are and they have the information that they're looking for all right so another question about I some does I so the police recognize the New York City ID card which is issued by the mayor's office immigrant Affairs as valid identification yes yes because so the New York City ID card is valid ID here within the city of New York as a result ice also respects it as valid ID within the city of New York so yes you can show that as valid ID and it's actually preferable I think is as Carmen went through it earlier it's preferable to show that rather than walk around with like a your your birth country ID or passport because again by carrying that kind of documentation you're again making the case for ice that you have no legal right to be in the United States and can you just clarify for us and sorry if you travel with the New York City ID is that appropriate or acceptable ID for like TSA or any other organizations show who's asking for state ID no so I would say that I would say this you that ID was issued by the city of New York and I put it to you guys this way so it's easier to remember because it was issued by the city of New York it's best to be used in New York when to use it to travel for example the cross borders that is not a valid form of ID and one of our when that program first came out at least CUNY and all the nonprofit's here in New York City went out of their way to make sure to inform people because for the immigrant community thought wow look I finally got a form of ID maybe I can travel now to try to dissuade them from the notion that this is a document that you could be used to travel it is not it is just a document that can be used to show your ID within the five boroughs that comprise New York City I love this question for the calling I'm worried about given information and not advice is it okay if I ask the question like what is your birth date or when did you get your green card and can you give an example of what is really good life kala Larry's go for it I I would say the following so um facts right so for example you guys learned how do you how you were one of the language exemptions or like fifty years of age with twenty years of residency that's a fact right someone's name is a fact someone's date of birth is a fact when you so information is reiterating those facts right when you keep the facts or general they're not specifically applied to anything they're just facts so the danger comes when you start up buying those facts to that person's or that caller specific case when you start applying facts to that caller specific case when you start trying to see well these are the facts and how does this fit to your case that's when you're starting to give advice so again the purpose of this is to give information so follow you you guys will have those manuals that were given up today those will be available for you in the callin you're giving out information you're giving out facts like the fifty twenty rule you're giving out fats like you have to be an LPR before you get or lawful permanent resident before you apply for citizenship those are absolute undeniable facts that apply generally and universally when you start applying well how does this apply to my aunt who's in Ecuador then then you start you're starting to give advice to general a very common question that comes up that the callin is can I apply for naturalization and you can provide general information as was just saying about the basic eligibility requirements for naturalization I mean you wouldn't be getting in to say yes you are eligible then you can get into into providing referral information and we could provide you information to these three organizations that can help you determine whether or not you can file an application for naturalization so providing eligibility requirement you get out of our manual conveying that to the caller is general information without getting into legal advice great I'm going to combine two questions here that are similar so can you go over one more time what's the difference between the ice and judicial warrant and then once someone denies ice enters their home can't they just go back and argue for judicial warrant isn't that just delaying the inevitable as well as indicating that the suspect is indeed undocumented can I just say I think it's I think they it's a great move for them to to request to see a judicial warrant I mean it's if it may not be delaying the inevitable I mean they very often I doesn't have a judicial warrant they're not going to go get one so I don't think it's delaying the inevitable I think that they should stand up yeah each person should stand up for their rights and if their have the right to get it have Co judicial warrant they should ask for it and then the other thing is what are you doing by by denying them entry for lack of habited usual you're buying yourself time right you can call an attorney you can start making plans it's not the ideal situation to be win and but at least it buys you some time so it's it's I don't see it as a bad move at all yeah and then just one more time the difference between judicial versus icewine so generally ice warrants are maximum two pages and they're signed by an supervisor immigration officer and they cite to the Immigration and Nationality Act at the top so it's i na X and it's just a form it's signed by an immigration officer a judicial warrant is different it can be you on one page or multiple pages generally a seal and it's dying signed by a judge so it'll say h o n period and the name of the judge it'll cite to the court and it will have a case docket so it will say people versus then your name and then the judge will sign it can you just repeat the statistic that you gave during your presentation about the number of judicial window issues what the city has told us last year and I'm working from memory so it's people going to say this back to me and say Iran I remember that at a meeting with city officials we asked how many people have you handed over on judicial warrants and that said we've been presented with three judicial warrant in the last year but they've paid thousands and thousands of people so you know three special warrants the reason why they're not going out and getting judicial warrants on cases is that it's incredibly time-consuming not only for them but for the court also the standard is quite high you do you have to meet a standard in order to get a judge to issue you a warrant that's that's there in order to prevent law enforcement from just engaging in fishing expeditions right so this is my first year participating in the call in and I'm overwhelmed by all of the information that I've gotten at the training is there any advice you can offer that it can be prepared on Monday in the next two weeks I was going to say the first thing is to give them the date which I met June 19 do not come here on Monday and I'm done elephant regenerate we have your host shoe but the common is not until June 19th number one check your email um and number two I mean you have you have the manuals those manuals are a valuable resource to you and they and they're going to cover the majority of the questions that you're going to to get the data column the other thing for those of you haven't participated to call it is we have attorneys walking all around the room you are not going to be so if you're thinking this is sort of some image of a call center where you guys are locked in some room and nobody that is not happening this is there's attorneys walking around several attorneys walking around usually as an attorney for each at least one attorney for each row of phones at the at this event so you guys those same paddles that you've been using fer to answer questions here the quizzes those same paddles will be available for you at the event and the one with the red question mark is the one that you're going to raise an attorney will come to you forthwith right away and learning you know we're really happy to answer your question and we're really not answering your question yeah your questions and if you get something that maybe not covered in the manual and the caller asks asks about it again another one of the reasons why attorneys will be roving all over you won't have to go too far to find an attorney in the room ignorant and can I add to that but it don't feel stressed or the anxiety of that you have to have an answer right away as soon as you answer that phone and they ask you the question you can take them out you can look in the manual take a moment you could put people on hold and and go through and if you're not finding the answer raise that paddle and speaking supervisor we are happy to answer your questions we're happy to help you to be able to provide the information to the caller all right I really like this questions I think it will be one all of you may potentially get when you call it's so if I lived in New York for the last 19 years and I've had minor run-ins with the law where do I go to get my criminal record okay so the answer is it depends the first step is always you go back well it depends on what the arrest was for oftentimes we advise people to go back to the court to get their records and if there's a warrant out for your arrest then you should be going to a nonprofit organization who can assist you with getting those records as they do exist and I'm pretty confident we'll have that information at the collar okay good we'll have that information at the column and if it's one minor arrest if there is if you're confident there is no warrant for your arrest then you go directly back to the court in the borough where's the arrest and and the issue occurred and you get it from there if it's criminal it will be in Criminal Court sometimes people need to get certificates for things that may have happened in the subway so you may have to go to the MCA instead and if it's in another state across video of federal despues and you can do a federal real essence also often people have no idea what their criminal background is and in those cases sometimes we'll send them to if we think there were convictions and there was no open warrant and that's important no open warrant we'll send them in to NYPD to do a good moral conduct certificate which is 50 bucks but it gives you your entire entirety of your history in New York there's a way to do it statewide office of criminal justice services you can file and they'll give you a written record of your all of your arrests in New York and then often we'll also do an FBI fingerprint check there's a way to do it electronically now the results come back in two weeks and it costs 18 bucks and they'll give you a record of all of your convictions across the United States it can I also add tab 10 in your manual forgotten on how to embrace you provide on how to get criminal information and that's not all also be on your tablets and the website that I showed you if hope is a green card holder but his mother and stepfather who live in the u.s. are undocumented is there any way that hope they can help his mother change her status so Jose's a green card holder and he wants to help his mother right a parent you guys went over this this morning right can can I bring card holder petition for a parent No so can a US citizen do that yes so one of the one of the the ways to help is that Jose in this example would naturalize become a US citizen once begin the use it and it enables him to petition now depending on the history of the mother and how she's undocumented whether she entered validly into the United States or whether she was you guys probably went over he we entered without inspection then the process changes but nothing happens until that first step in that first step is for Jose to naturalize all right in regards to Haitian TPA can you give an example of someone who is Haitian with TPS and they travel abroad with advance parole how that provides them a path to a green card okay also touches human abilities okay I'm just going to start talking they'll interrupt me alright okay so the reason why I provides a path to a green card is because all adjustment generally so there's one main way that you get a green card in the United States it's one portion of the statute in that portion of the statute requires that you be able to show that you enter the United States lawfully so they use at your last enter the United States was either because you were admitted you're granted the right to enter or you were paroled into the country right so what we are able to do if someone has TPS and exits and then re-enters under parole is that we can demonstrate that their last entry whatever their original entry is it's irrelevant for us for purposes of getting their green card for the green card we only have to prove their last entry and suddenly they're in last entry is lawful because they traveled pursuant to a document the government issues them that will allow them to exit and be paroled back into the country does that make sense to folks and by the way the same applies to dakka dakka has the same if you have a lawful entry under daca you have it so same same same box there's there's a terms of the reenter intent and under on the dock are afraid you're right under on the TPS front there's some question about like unlawful work and unlawful travel is that going to be a problem that would then prevent them even if they travel in advance parole to be able to adjust in the United States but that that's a little deeper than we went on the question for purposes of for purposes of travel if they have a reason to have to travel out of the United States and they got themselves an advance parole document prior to travel and then they were paroled into the country we show that document we should a stamp on their passport we're good and just one quick thing for HTTPS and all of this only applies if you come weed so if you do have patients eps and you enter graphically and just over state which is a vast majority you do not need to travel now you should because you know you can and it's a way to travel but you don't need to do it in order to adjust that if you only need to travel with the grants parole if you have Haitian two Bs if the initial entry was unlawful and that will allow you to correct is it true that someone that is in the process of applying for permanent residents here in the United States have to leave the country to receive their residents in their native country no no trick question just I guess it depends there is such a thing called the three and the ten year bar and so they are circumstances where a person who enters lawfully but over stays by either six months or one year well between six months and one year or when you're in above if for instance you're entered wrongfully but you remained in this country six months beyond the time that you are supposed to be here and then someone is able to petition for you and you are not an immediate relative of the US citizen you may be required to leave the country the United States to go to your home country I think the service is service fee of this another country period so that you can do the Aegean terview at the consulate there once you leave if there's a three-year bar that will officially go into effect and so there are waivers that are available for it but under those circumstances you may be forced to leave and you may be stuck out of the country for three years or ten years if you made in this country for a year or more without permission they are waivers so once you're out of the country you could apply but if you're not a staff of the US citizen or a child under 18 of the US citizen or a parent of a US citizen you're not an immediate relative and consequently if someone else is petitioning for you which usually will be a sibling you may be stuck with this three or ten year bar and you will have to leave the country so general interview the best answer the that person should really talk to an attorney yeah I just want to point out also we went into it super super surface-level this morning on with Camille but if you read chapters 4 & 5 in the training manual it'll give you a little bit more information about all of the things we were talking about just now unlawful presence consular processing adjustment of status all those buzzwords you just heard it's something that is good fun you know two or three days on by themselves and just another reminder if you guys still have questions raise your hand for a blank card and someone will come bring you one okay like how it will collect your questions next question if someone encounters an immigration officer while crossing the border how do they know if they have an order of deportation and if there is an order of deportation is there any hope so to to find out if there's an order of deportation you think you've went over the hotline yeah so sorry so it's not it's not so first thing is that it's not always isn't always an order of deportation for one prior to 1997 there was no expedited removal so those people likely don't have orders of deportation less and remember going for a judge there are bilateral agreements by which people are just returned to Mexico in certain cases without a removal order although increasingly there are removal orders in their record there are basically we do two things if you have the alien number that nine digit identification number for the person there's a hotline which I should remember up top my head but I don't I'm sure it's in the manual if if you don't have the alien number for the person which in most cases you don't because if you have their alien number the person knows that there was a removal order so if there if you don't have it there are a Freedom of Information Act requests that can be filed for the individual there's a one in particular the ovum soya kind of gives us back the results of every entry into the United States also we file folios with Customs and Border Protection to see if they entered expedited removal orders and then we file a voyage with the immigration court to see if the immigration court has any record of the alien but initially in order to get an alien number we often in my office we fingerprint everybody and we do FBI background checks for everybody because if there is a deportation order or an expedited removal order that person has been entered into the FBI database so they have an identity in the database so their fingerprints will pop pull up their identity in their recorder and we do also add tap 10.we in the manual if you have information about freedom agenda manual plugs a venue for training purposes as a call center rip where we be answering specific questions as the one asked or will be or will we be mostly referring callers through to the appropriate referral sources so well that comes down to the UM and no advice just information to the extent that the person tells you you know based on what the person tells you you determined that they may be eligible for some benefit you should be referring them to free locations if they're calling for standard basic information I can't think of any off the top of my head but it is absolutely possible that at the end of a call you will need to refer a call out but if the person may or may not be eligible even if you're positive that they are you should be referring them to an organization that will then screen them and make the final determination okay great I am a Muslim from a Muslim lawful permanent resident from Pakistan I'm worried about traveling to Pakistan and about my family traveling here came to travel then come back at any time while Pakistan be added to the band Pakistan is currently not one of the six countries under the ban we do not know at this time if it's going to be added to the band later on so people from Pakistan if they have a visa to travel back and forth between Pakistan in the United States they should feel free to but we can't say at this point whether the Trump administration is going to add Pakistan to that list of six other countries that are and what do you tell a caller who asked you is the travel ban going to come back i right now it is not in effect that courts have upheld the bar against the actually the injunction against the intention against the Muslim ban so I think we should go with that that's information we should provide I don't want to perpetuate like fear or like rumors to say the injunction has been upheld by the courts alrighty the adopted child become a citizen after being adopted by us parents possibly and so for adoptions there are specific requirements in order for a person to be able to well USCIS and the Department of Homeland Security has specific requirements that every adoption must meet now to the extent that the adoption does meet those requirements then and the person was under 18 at the time they're adopted came into the country with the person and we told the other requirements you will be able to derive citizenship so the general answer is yes but there are additional requirements for adoptions that do not apply for natural-born children that's all alright for a sibling I 130 application how do you prove someone as your sibling if the parent in common as the father and he is not listed on either birth certificate again hey or play that DNA I mean blood test blood vessel do it no that's pretty definitive and there are there's a list of designated agencies that can run blood tests that the government kind of trusts that you know if you can provide those DNA results we do it all the time mostly I mean some countries you can have any one added to your birth certificate as your parent and so like cases out of El Salvador for example we do DNA tests pretty routinely they cost about 900 bucks so you guys affirmative ly do the DNA test for them we don't wait for it to be repelled so it for country there are cases for example we do a lot of derivative cases where my client I know is the mother or father of the child but they're not on the birth certificate because there my clients parents for example put themselves as a child's father as a child's parents on the birth certificate because my client was very young and the pen she had the children what son married and would have been a shame of the family so in those cases we have to provide DNA test results in order to even meet the basic requirements to have a case accepted by immigration so in those cases we do proactively do them in cases abroad when there's consular processing involved in those cases you have to wait for the consulate to ask for DNA results before you can provide them this question is about the TPS extension and whether or not someone would be able to get a green card ask for the six-month extension I think that's a question so another it depends okay so I'm sure everybody in this room I missed some of the mornings but we discussed the six-month extension and 60 days to perfect rate so TPS will be valid for those six months um those who so it is possible to have TPS and remain eligible for to receive a green card as a beneficiary after the TPS expires to the extent that is your condition then you find those people people who entered lawfully and they're an immediate relative of the US citizen they're going to be able to get the green card and adjust their status despite the TPS for those people who entered unlawfully for this next six month period it should be the time that you try to advance use advance parole to enter lawfully so that you will actually be able to get the green card after the TPS expires and so I guess that's it in a nutshell if you have a problem with the entry you have six months to cure it while the TPS is still valid if you don't have a problem with your entry then having TPS is not going to make it better or you know worse per se you could still adjust data so they have to be yes or not we have only a few minutes left so we'll take maybe two more questions all right how can someone prove custody by US citizen parent for showing derivation of citizenship if that USC parent is no longer around or uncooperative so there it becomes a in search right you need so one of the ways when I'm sitting in an office in a participant asks a question like this I sort of reason it out with them so what documents could have generated to show that like I have that my father and my mother were in fact my mother my father and my mother so one of the things that you got to dig deep some of them go back to taxes go back to school records school records will show usually like my transcript will show my custodial parent was and the address would match but it's centrally going deep into documents might be medical records or hospital records then identify the parents and a child insurance records yeah your insurance records like I was a beneficiary I my father's policy at some point u.s. census records if one if someone submitted a petition and the someone's been an application and the petitioner passed away what is the status of the case so there is a law that says upon the death of the petitioner the application dies with a petitioner however it can be revived if the beneficiary can get someone else step into the shoes of the petitioner you will also have to get someone else who's going to me to the income requirement if the petitioner did and whoever stepping into the shoes of the petitioner that person may have to also meet the income requirements you have you might have to get another sponsor there is a deadline I think it's two years yes good okay so yeah it is two years and so long as you get the it's called a widower participants not a widower it's the same ad form of the widower but in essence there's a form that you submit and you can revive it random so technically advise but it could be revised and for in certain cases for Vala cells petitioners they get to self petition despite the death of their abuser yeah I think we are going to wrap up for the day please join me in thanking laughs you guys either question last question it's related psy you guys are excellent explainers can you feel free to ask them your questions during the Colin yes when he will there be a training for the July 15th event and is there a website that we can register a course we will be sending out that information very soon the date and the date you'll receive the information to register to the event is going to be a little bit closer to the July 15th event itself we look forward to seeing you at the Colin please return your nametag and your paddles and have a great evening thank you again for being a part of this with us I get to your laps please come in though our I'd go to my left so your left I'm sorry it's a wonder they next one is Bernie's right now Oh thank you guys [Music] [Music] latex schriftart fur dissertation Hunter College.