Example Of Literature Review In Research Article
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Example of literature review in research article

Example of literature review in research article example enterprise risk management framework for banks for money cocoa essay prolog in chapters one through three of the Wonder worker of Padua this is a librivox recording all librivox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer please visit librivox.org the Wonder worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard prologue the five friars the afternoon shadows were lengthening under the walls of the monastery of Santa Cruz a house of the canons regular of Saint Agustin at Queen breh life within that holy house stolen as slowly as regularly and for the most part as silently as those deepening shadows each morning it was renewed as cheerfully as broke the dawn upon the waves that washed the shores of Portugal each noon it was radiant with the fullness of spiritual joy each evening it hushed itself to rest with prayer and praise and these three epochs in the daily life of the cloister were heralded by the mellow peel of the Angelus as it was wafted over the in bosom in Hills and throbbed into silence in far-off fainting echoes now and again something occurred in the monastery something slight in itself but enough to break in upon the peaceful current of events and create an interest or excitement that fairly startled the gentle occupants there were guests from time to time quite a number of them for the worldly are ever curious concerning the inner life of those who though in the world are not of it therefore there was a guest master at Santa Cruz as there is always a guest master in every monastery and his office it is to receive those who desire to see the chapels the relics the cloisters it is the duty and the pleasure of this guest master to conduct visitors through the monastery and to entertain them and thus relieve the Friars from all distractions such as sudden and unexpected calls from prayer or labor one day at Santa Cruz five stranger guests arrived three priests and to lay brothers disciples of Saint Francis whose order was then but ten years old these friars had been assigned to the mission in Morocco and were on their way thither when they sought the hospitality of the Abbey of Santa Cruz who shall say that it was chance alone that brought them thither they were Franciscans not for a distance from Queen breh the pious queen of Portugal had established the convent of Saint Anthony of olivarez it was situated in an olive grove whence it derived its name the house was small and poor but it was large enough to shelter the five friars and the brother Questor whose Duty it was to ask alms for the needs of the Brethren would have gladly shared his frugal fare with these apostles who were on their way to martyrdom in Morocco but they passed all of Aris and sought the gates of Santa Cruz and were there given heartfelt welcome was it for this reason that as the Franciscan Chronicles tell us Queen Arrakis sent Warren lovingly received the Friars for indeed she held their order in great esteem and inquired many things concerning their errand most courteously offering to supply all their wants not content with the brief account of their generals intention which they gave her this lady thirsting as the heart for the Word of God engage them in spiritual discourse drawing thence much sweetness and consolation then taking them apart she besought them for the love of him for whose sweet name they were going to torments and death to beg of Almighty God to reveal to them the day on which she should die and albeit the Friars endeavored by all means to escape her importunity saying that they were most unworthy to know the secrets of the Lord in other words of like import yet did she at length prevail with them to give her that promise which she craved and so after fervent prayer they again came before the Queen and made her be of good courage for that it was the will of God that her end should be very shortly and before that of the King her husband moreover they gave her a sure sign for no lady they said that before many days we shall die by the sword for the faith of Christ praised be his divine Majesty who has chosen us poor men to be in the number of his martyrs our body shall be brought unto this city with great devotion by the Christians of Morocco and you and your husband shall go to meet them when these things shall come to pass know that the time has come for you to leave this world and go to God the gift master of Santa Cruz was a youth of four-and-twenty who was already ordained he had a marvelously beautiful countenance and was singularly engaging in manner naturally he was thrown much in the Society of the Friars and often conversed with them of the extraordinary history of poor young Kela and of the miracles wrought by the seraphic father Saint Francis of Assisi certain it is that the five friars perished in their blood at the hands of the infidels their bodies were brought home in solemn state attended by various supernatural manifestations calculated to inspire reverence and awe it was the King's wish that these relics of the first Franciscan martyrs should rest in the principal Church of the capital but they were mysteriously guided or conveyed to the monastery of Santa Cruz where they had lodged and where His Majesty had a superb Chapel erected in which the relics were many marvels were witnessed at that shrine and these deeply touched the heart and the spirit of the youngest master but a few months before he had held converse with these very friars who were then joyously seeking the palm and the crown of martyrdom now they were in paradise and he was kneeling beside their holy dust a poor friar groping blindly after that light that should illumine him and make clear his path of life one day kneeling at that tomb his heart aflame with love and veneration from the depths of his soul he cried out oh that the Most High would grant me to be associated with them in their glorious sufferings that to me also it were given to be persecuted for the faith to bear my neck to the executioner's will that blessed day ever dawn for thee Fernando will such happiness ever be thine thus through chaste communion with the five friars call it not chance that brought their hearts together through the sufferings by the sacrifice and at the tomb of the five martyrs did Fernando they blew young find his vocation chapter one Fernando the novice who was Fernando they blew young he was the son of Marty notably on and Theresa taverna his wife who were of ancient lineage and noble birth don martino descended from the illustrious Godfrey de Leon who led the First Crusade and was the first Frankish king of Jerusalem he was the grandson of Vicenzo they blew all who followed King Alfonso the first in his campaign against the Moors and who in acknowledgment of his deeds of Valor was made governor of Lisbon this office became hereditary in the family of de Boyan and Fernando as first son of the house was heir to it and Donna Theresa was hardly illustrious her ancestors had reigned over the Asturias in the eighth century until the invasion by the Saracens Don Martino and Dona Teresa occupied a sumptuous palace close to the Cathedral of Lisbon here fernando was born on the 15th of august 1195 eight days after his birth he was carried with great pomp to the cathedral and there received in baptism the name of Fernando though nothing of a prophetic nature preceded the birth of Fernando it was soon evident that he was no ordinary child born on the Feast of the Assumption it was at the Shrine of Our Lady del Pilar he received the grace of baptism to the Blessed Virgin his mother consecrated the babe when returning from the baptismal font maria was the first name he learned to other and the him he heard often us from his mother's lips was Oh glory OSA domine ah as a child the sight of an image or a painting of the Madonna would change his tears to smiles as a religious he placed himself under the special protection of the Blessed Virgin as an apostle he was her champion ever sounding her praises ever ready to do battle in her cause at the age of 10 beautiful in form and feature with an inner spiritual beauty that gave his face an almost angelic expression possessed of a sweet and gladsome nature a quick intelligence and the lively imagination he had already shown a preference for the secluded paths of a religious life during the five years of his infancy Fernando attended the Cathedral School in Lisbon clothed in the garb of a cleric he was a pattern of all the proprieties in this exquisitely refined child virtue blossomed like a flower and breathes forth a delicate fragrance that all who approached him became watch azov it was now he gave the first manifestation of that power which through him was to work wonders so long as he lived wonders that have never ceased and are never deceased in this ever wandering world kneeling one day at the shrine of our lady in the cathedral his eyes on the tabernacle where in the Blessed Sacrament was veiled a demon one of those baleful spirits that still tempt and delude the unwary appeared before him startled as he was with the pious instinct of nature he traced upon the marble step where he was kneeling the sign of the Cross the vision vanished but to this hour is seeing that sacred symbol indelibly impressed upon the marble in that hour Fernando's fate was sealed with everything to make life alluring youth beauty health wealth high birth and gentle breeding devoted parents and idolizing friends the child turned from them all it was his destiny already able to meditate upon the foolish rewards of life and Labor's in the world and for the world alone Fernando exclaimed a world how burdensome now art become thy power is but that of a fragile Reed thy riches are as a puff of smoke and thy pleasures like a treacherous rock wear on virtue is shipwrecked he seems to have resolved on this occasion to enter the religious life to turn from the luxurious delights that had never appealed to his nature and accept poverty humility and obedience as his portion this resolution once formed nothing could cause him to reconsider it at the gate of the abbey of Saint Vincent he implored admission being attracted there there as the chronicle quaintly records by the renowned for learning and holiness of its men surely nothing could have offered him a more pleasing prospect than the society of such as these nothing afforded him more perfect satisfaction chapter 2 Fernando the scholastic what wonder that the child should have turned from the world in his 15th year when most children at that stage of development find an indescribable joy in mere physical existence from his earliest infancy his life was an involuntary consecration he was weakness compassion love personified he had a special devotion to the impoverished and all those in sorrow and affliction he was never known to utter a falsehood all the offices of the church were dear to him he never failed to hear Mass daily and joyfully and most reverently to serve our Blessed lady pattern of purity was his chosen patroness for the amusements which were the delight of his companions he cared nothing the pleasures of life he never knew and hoped never to know he was the natural enemy of idleness was instinctively studious and of a sweet solemnity which did not oppress but rather edified his associates and endeared him to them what wonder that he should turn from the madding crowd and seek the seclusion of a cloister there was nothing unwholesome nothing unnatural in his resolve to quit the world while yet a child in years for a youth of his temperament a temperament which was an angelic heritage there is really bought one step to be taken firmly but in all humility he took it without the walls of Lisbon stood the monastery of st. Vincent a house of the canons regular of st. Augustine having obtained the leave of his parents he went thither and casting himself at the feet of the prior called by some gan salvo Mendes and others Pelagius he asked to be admitted to the holy Brotherhood naturally edified by the gentle and reverent spirit of the youth and knelt before him the prior received him with affectionate tenderness and in due course of time he was clothed in the white robe of the order what happiness of heart was his what peace of spirit what serenity of soul alas they were short-lived his friends missing him sorely sought him at all seasons if he had before this been to them an engaging mystery a surprise by reason of his unlike nough stew them and to any other whom they knew he was now clad in the pale robe of the Augustinians their Wonder and delight he drew them irresistible e to the monastery and their well man but ill-timed visitations were a distraction which he could not long endure two years were enough and more than enough to assure him that at st. Vincent's let him strive never so bravely against such a fate he was in danger of losing his vocation he must seek security in solitude in exile and that without delay if he would attain the perfection which was his aim in life it was in no bitterness of spirit no pride no impatience he turned from all who loved him most it was an honest and an earnest effort on his part to reach that state of grace for which his heart was hungry night and day at st. Vincent's he was neighbor to the world and the worldly life he cared not for he must fly hence at any cost to comfort temporal or spiritual he must steal his heart to the sweetest salts of earthly love for the unity peace and Concord he sought found no abiding place under heaven saving cloister all seclusion the prior of st. Vincent's had during the two year Fernando's sojourn there beheld with joy the fervor of the youth and when that youth implored him to be allowed to depart into some other house of the order some house far removed from Lisbon and the voices that were constantly crying to him to return to them again the prior was for a season loath to give him leave but as the old chronicler says having at length by tears and prayers obtained the consent of his superior he quitted not the army in which he was enlisted but the scene of combat not through Caprice but in a transport of fervor chapter 3 Fernando the Augustinian cannon nearly a hundred miles from Lisbon stood the abbey of Santa Cruz it was lapped in the seclusion of Coimbra who was far from the trials the temptations the tribulations of the workaday world it was the mother house of the Augustinians the head cradle of the order the sweet influences of the saintly Thea ttan its first prior still perfumed it it was the centre and the source of all the noblest traditions of the tribe the inspiration of the clergy the consolation and the pride of the loyal and widely scattered Brotherhood the Abbey was a far-famed seat of learning their religion and letters went hand in hand Don John and Don Raymond both doctors of the University of Paris were among the scholars at Santa Cruz for a student for religious for recluse there was no retreat in Portugal more desirable than this and neither Fernando was sent his new brethren were not long in convincing themselves that Fernando's change of residence had not been made without reflection and that the love of novelty had no share in his decision he had it is true ardently longed for solitude and tranquillity but far from seeking they're in a dispensation from the rigor of monastic life he sought but a means to perfect himself in virtue at Lisbon he had read the literature of pagan antiquity at Santa Cruz he devoted himself to the study of theology the father's history religious controversy above all these the sacred scriptures one his ardent attention he was 17 years of age when he entered Santa Cruz he was completely detached from the world nature had in every way richly endowed him his memory was prodigious all knowledge came to him freely without effort and once acquired it never left him more but beautifully adjusted and ready for instant use it seemed literally at his tongues in eight years he passed it's not a cruise in obedience in prayer and study he grew continually in virtue he was virtues self devoted to his books he never permitted the study of them to interfere with the pious duties allotted him on one occasion being employed in some remote part of the Abbey he heard the note of the elevation Bell turning toward the chapel he prostrated himself and beheld the distant altar and the sacred host in the hands of the celebrant he held them all as plainly as if the intervening walls had vanished away nor was this the only wonder he worked it's not a cruise while nursing one of the religious the patient a victim of obsession became uncontrollable Fernando spreading the hem of his mantle over the sufferer brought to him instant and permanent relief his erudition grew to be the subject of general comment he knew the Holy Bible by heart he seemed to have taken the sense in the substance of it to his soul so that it became a part of him in one of his commentaries he wrote well divine word admirable word that inebriated stand changes the heart thou art the limpid source that refreshes the part soul the ray of hope that give us comfort to the poor sinner the faithful messenger that bring us glad tidings to us exiles of our heavenly country he never forgot what he had one study though the time was to come when the calls upon him were so many and so various he had no moment in which to read anything save only his bravery end of chapter 3 chapters 4 through 9 of the Wonder worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard this LibriVox recording is in the public domain chapter 4 Fernando becomes Antonio not far from the monastery of Santa Cruz at Oliv Aras stood the Franciscan abbey of the olives this holy house was small and poor it was named in honor of Saint Anthony of the desert his poverty his frugality his sobriety were patterns for the frothy who dwelt there they lived upon the tribute gathered by the humble supplicants who went forth daily asking alms of the faithful often they had knocked at Fernando's door often he had shared his bread and his wine with them and he was beginning to feel a personal interest in them when the five friars who were afterward martyred in Morocco sought the hospitality of Santa Cruz where he soon grew to know them intimately the martyrdom of the Friars the transportation of their relics to Portugal and the shrine prepared for them it's not to cruise the knowledge he had gained of the origin and development of this Franciscan Order inspired Fernando with the longing to become himself a follower of Saint Francis now the solitude he had sought and found in the cloister at Santa Cruz began to pale he feared he was wasting his life he felt that his energy and enthusiasm should be placed at the disposal of those who were in crying need and surely there were many such he would even follow in the footsteps of the five friars he also would offer his body to be martyred for Christ's sake and for love of his fellow men therefore when the brother Questor whose Duty it was to ask alms for the needs of the convent at Olivares came to Santa Cruz Fernando talked long and earnestly with him concerning the rule of his order and the wonderful founder thereof this brother Questor and Fernando were in close sympathy one day when Fernando was saying Mass the brother Questor died at that moment Fernando dissolved in ecstasy saw his soul in its flight through purgatory ascending dove light into the realms of bliss it may have been this vision or it may have been the glorious sacrifice of the martyr friars or the poverty and devotion of the Brotherhood that inspired Fernando with a desire to become one of them we know not what was the primal cause but we know that with difficulty he obtained leave with a prior of Santa Cruz to detach himself from the Augustinians and join the followers of Saint Francis he had won the respect the love the esteem the admiration of his associates that's not too Cruz they would fain not part with him one said to him half in jest and half in earnest go thy way thou will truly become a saint sure none doe replied when they tell the I am a saint then blessed thou the Lord in applying for admission to the franciscan rank Fernando had said with all the order of my soul do I desire to take the holy habit of your order and I am ready to do so upon one condition that after clothing me with the garb of penance you send me to the Saracens so that I also may deserve to participate in the crown of your holy martyrs then he put off the white robe of the Augustinians and donned the brown garb of the impoverished Franciscans took unto himself the name of Antonio the patron of the hermitage of olive Aras and without one of you joyfully vanished from the knowledge of those who had known and loved him in the flesh Chapter five Anthony seeks martyrdom not all who seek shall find Antonio or Anthony was permitted to go to Morocco where he hoped to end his days in an effort toward the conversion of the Moslems what dreams were his what hopes what aspirations he was now in very truth following in the footsteps of the five friars who were his first inspiration he was in a land whose history was made glorious by Tertullian st. Augustine st. Fulgencio great pontiff's and learned doctors the day of its prosperity was over and gone its flourishing churches had fallen to decay and the arrogance of the infidel made it unsafe for a Christian to pace the narrow streets of those white walled cities unattended under an ever a cloudless sky in the glare of the fierce sunshine and the heat of the desert dust Anthony was stricken down with fever filippo of Spain a young laborer who had attached himself to his person watched with Anthony the whole winter not once did the would-be martyr had the opportunity of exposing himself to the fury of the African phonetic he was utterly prostrating his life seemed to be slowly epping away evidently his efforts as a missionary in Morocco were doomed the fact could not be kept a secret and accordingly Anthony and Filippo were recalled to Portugal by their superiors after an absence of but four months they dutifully embarked though their hearts were heavy with disappointment the martyrs palm might wither in the desert it was evidently not reserved for them neither were they destined to return to Portugal a white squall struck their vessel and it was cast upon the Sicilian Shore Anthony and Filippo landed at terra mina and at once made their way to Messina where there was a convent of the Friars Minor here for two months the young friars reposed here health and strength returned to Anthony and he entered upon a new lease of life here in the convent garden he planted a lemon tree that flourishes to this hour four like the orange tree planted by saint dominic at santa sabina on the Aventine time cannot wither it and every succeeding year but blossom and fruit give testimony of its eternal youth about this time the official notice of the convocation of the fourth general chapter of the Franciscan Order reached Messina Anthony Filippo and certain of the Sicilian friars resolved to go to Assisi and it was Anthony's desire to place himself at the disposal of the holy founder in doing the will of Saint Francis he felt that he could make no error and that it was the Providence of God alone that had recalled him from Africa shipwrecked him upon the Sicilian coast and was now about to bring him into the presence of the seraphic father whose child he had become having celebrated the Easter festivities at Messina Anthony accompanied by Filippo and the Sicilian frothy set forth on his pilgrimage to Assisi chapter six Anthony and Saint Francis the fourth general chapter of the Franciscan Order opened that port young Kula on May 30th 12 21 this chapter was a marvelous manifestation of the influence exercised by st. Francis over his followers it was an all-powerful influence and it was ever-increasing time alone was necessary to enable it to expand and spread unto the very ends of the earth Saint Francis a year previous had resigned his office of minister General he had in a certain sense completed his mission his order was well established was in the most flourishing condition recruits were constantly approaching him and at his feet offering the labor of their lives his wish was law no one questioned it his will was their wisdom his word was final this stupendous organization the inspiration and the accomplishment of one mind had yet a price to be paid for it and the high price it proved to be it was no less than the life of the holy founder hoping to find a little much-needed rest Saint Francis shifted the burden of responsibility upon the shoulders of Peter of Catania but the death of Peter within the year compelled the enfeebled Francis once more to assume the reins of government he conferred upon brother Elias the office of vicar general and thus brother Elias became the mouthpiece of the founder he was literally a mouthpiece for owing to his physical debility the voice of the saint could scarcely be raised above a whisper the voice of Elias was indeed as the voice of Francis and was listened to by all in unquestioning silence and medians this is what Anthony beheld as he stood in the multitude assembled at port young Kula more than two thousand friars gathered together from every part of Europe they were presided over by Cardinal Ranieri o Cappuccio but st. Francis was the magnet that drew them thither the power that swayed them as one man whose burning and soul desire was to do the will of their ceramic father as the fruit of his husbandry Francis could proudly point to Sylvester the contemplative Giles the aesthetic Thomas of chalan o the noble singer of the stabat mater John of piana carpi no and many another all these bearing the marks of suffering but all brave and steadfast warriors for the faith here they were bowing at the knee of the patriarch humbly waiting his will and he pale and emaciated sinking under a prostration that threatened to terminate his life at any moment the patron of humility and zeal and love when he in a faint whisper proposed a mission to Germany eighty friar sprang to their feet and shouted with enthusiasm that they were ready to do his will there as anywhere and everywhere unnoticed in this great throng ravished by the spectacle of the saint and his disciples trembling with profound emotion and faint for the fire of love that was consuming him stood a youth of six and twenty who was one day to become the most famous of the followers of st. Francis yet not one eye was turned upon him in kindness or in curiosity not one word was spoken to him he was utterly unnoticed and ignored chapters seven Anthony despised and rejected st. Francis was want to read the hearts and the conscience 'as of his children a gift that must have aided him often in their wise direction were it not evidently predestined it would be surprising that the Saint did not recognize in the youthful Anthony one who wasn't on to be all in all to him and to his holy order there he was this giant in embryo in the prime of life singularly attractive to the eye of fascinating manners radiant with divine love virtuous valent face-to-face with the one who was most to influence him in life and he was suffered to pass by unnoticed one thought was now uttermost in Anthony's mind he could not again return to Portugal that would seem like a step backwards and a sign of failure he must abide near st. Francis he felt that he could no longer live happily and wholly apart from the seraphic one who so powerfully influenced all those who were attracted to him for this reason he offered himself to the provincials and guardians of Italy Saint Francis hearing of this highly approved of the youths renunciation of his family his friends in his country and recommended him to those who were in need of an assistant his services were declined by all he was not welcome and not wanted in a great measure he was himself the cause of his unsuccess yet the wisdom or the unwisdom of his motive can no longer be questioned when we take into consideration the natural consequences thereof with no affectation of humility the young friar kept secret all knowledge of his past he assumed an air that bordered on stupidity it is hardly surprising that he was looked upon with disapproval by the Masters of novices who were accustomed critically to inspect such candidates as offered themselves from time to time at the new vitiate they did not for a moment suspect that he had talents and learning of no mean order he proffered his services as assistant in the kitchen he volunteered to sweep the house well he asked nothing more than to be allowed to do this for the love of God even here his hopes were for a season thwarted his slight figure had not yet rounded after the ravages of fever his face naturally one of the most beautiful among men was still drawn and pale he did not look equal to the calls upon the convent Drudge and was unceremoniously dismissed his early biographer John Peckham observes no provincial thought of asking for him he was deemed unfit for service of any kind his case was beginning to grow desperate what could he hope to do for the greater glory of God and the love of his fellow men would no one take pity on him with no one give him some duty to perform in his extremity he drew father Gration the provincial of Bologna aside and implored his aide it chanced that father Gration was in need of a priest as a mass at a small hospice where six lay brothers formed the community are you a priest asked father Gration of the unn promising youth I am replied Anthony this seemed like a sad awakening from his dreams of the future not Africa not martyrdom apparently not Italy could be claimed for his portion but father Gration who must send the priest to the Leigh brothers in their retreat found him sufficient in an extremity and thereupon he was ordered away into the mountains to say Mass for the recluse in a very little house hidden in a lonely place chapter 8 Anthony the contemplative from the very foundation of the order the Franciscans have possessed two kinds of holy houses there were the large convents usually erected in cities or their suburbs where the Friars diligently attended the many calls upon their time sympathy and strength and there were small convents or hermitage 'as often hidden away in the fastnesses of the mountains or the forest one of these minor houses was situated not far from Forli upon the slopes of the Apennines in all Tuscany there was not a more secluded spot Monte Paolo was an ideal home for Anthony separated from the outer world by a forest spreading wood walled in by rocky Heights where only the birds nested in the wild goat climbed visited by Heaven Sent Zephyrs nourished by the uncultivated fruits which nature so lavishly contributed refreshed by a delicious spring of crystal purity that sweet solitude seemed indeed to the ill-judged and disappointed friar an earthly paradise here Anthony said Mass daily for the little Company of brethren here he begged leave to assist them in their labors counting it a privilege so to do they allotted him his tasks and he cheerfully accepted and performed it they had not yet discovered that he was a man for their superior in all respects for he became one with them one with them in spirit and in truth but he was the holiest of them all within the grounds of the hermitage at Monte Paulo was secreted a deep grotto and within the grotto a cell had been hewn out of the rock and here Anthony found his perfect joy one of the Brethren had long used this cell as a storehouse for his tools and he willingly surrendered it to Anthony when the latter venture to ask if he might have the use of it and there the friar passed most of his time nearly a year Anthony passed in the wilderness his bed was straw his pillow is stone his food and drink a little bread and water he mortified himself by fasting took the discipline and gladly endured other austerities and voluntary pains during most of that year so far as the rule of the order and the spirit of obedience permitted he dwelt alone in his hollow rock his time he passed and study meditation and ever ardent prayer he translated the Psalms of David enriching them with notes and commentary suitable for the use of preachers wittingly or unwittingly he was preparing himself for a fresh field of labour and perhaps nowhere else outside of the desert itself could he have found so suitable a time and place for just such preparation from a cavern came Saint Francis st. Bernard st. Norbert and st. Benedict it was fitting that he who was to become a saint as great powerful and glorious as these should come also from a cavern the hermitage of Mount Apollo has been by old chroniclers compared to the cells of the solitaries of the thigh bait not a trace of the building itself remains and more's the pity in 1629 signore Parnelli erected an oratory near the grotto consecrated by the prayers and penances of Anthony in gratitude for a miraculous recovery from illness obtained through his intercession Emanuel Acevedo one of Anthony's biographers upon visiting the swot found about halfway up the mountain a limpid spring that was never known to become turbid even in the time of rains when all the neighboring Springs were thick with mud he was assured not only by the peasants whose love for the saint may have made them too credulous but by resident priests it was also the testimony of distinguished travelers that on want Apollo better known as Saint Anthony's Mountain during the most violent tempest when the neighboring heights were swept by furious winds and lashing rains a calm as of a summer Twilight prevailed and that person's overtaken by the storm hastened to reach the favorite spot knowing full well that there they would be safe from harm lapped in an atmosphere as serene as the soul of the Saint chapter 9 Anthony the preacher for a little time only was Anthony permitted to remain and comfortable and peaceful obscurity solitude and silence he always loved but alas he was no longer to enjoy them uninterruptedly in ember week March 19 1222 according to the historian as oak weedy the ceremony of ordination called to Forli a number of religious both Friars Minor and friars preachers who are to receive holy orders Father Gration and Anthony were also present but neither in the least suspected the surprise that was in store for all father Gration who had not failed to note the edifying fervor of the young priest as well as the gleams of uncommon intelligence which Anthony was not always able to disguise was glad to have this opportunity of calling the Hermit to Monte Paolo from his vigils to attend the functions at Forli father Gration had been requested by the bishop of the province to deliver to the the dates for ordination the customary address on the sublimity of the priestly office dishonor he courteously offered to the sons of Saint Benedict many of whom were present but they being unprepared refused to speak on so Salomon occasion it began to look as if the ceremonies were likely to be interrupted suddenly as if by intuition father Gration turned to Anthony and desired him to exhort the candidates the simplicity and beauty of his language and the grace of his manner were greatly in his favor but he had never yet spoken in public and since he had become a friar minor he had open no book save his all bravery and the Psalms therefore he modestly pleaded his inexperience and his inability he confessed that he was fitter to serve in the refectory than to preach to the learner who were present he was covered with confusion and heartily wished himself back again in his grotto at Monte Paolo the superior was inflexible and rejecting all excuses he directed Anthony to preach out of obedience and gave him four texts Christ became for us obedient unto death even the death of the cross the young priest arose trembling with humility in a low voice the beauty of which had been often commented upon he addressed the Franciscans and Dominicans who were filled with curiosity and expectation as he proceeded his voice gathered volume and his speech fire his cheeks flushed with fervor his body swayed as a reed in the wind his rap gaze seemed fixed upon a heaven invisible to others and he spoke as one divinely inspired his hour of triumph had come at last unsought and uninvited is it any wonder that all present were astonished beyond measure and that they looked upon this maiden effort of the novice as little short of miraculous it is true that his whole life had been a kind of preparation for the pulpit but an involuntary and unconscious one his range of experience had been large every emotion of the heart he had sounded to its depths in his solitary hours of abstraction he had in spirit again and again commune with the martyrs of Morocco and the canons regular of queen brahne he was storm-tossed in the mediterranean prostrating upon a bed of pain in africa and obscure and unobserved pilgrim at Assisi an humble servitor and solitary at Monte Paolo now all returned to him like a flash in brilliant and luminous retrospection and with all else came knowledge a revival of knowledge his knowledge of the Holy Scriptures and of the consecrated writings of the fathers together with his own falou - comments thereon and the world of wisdom with all of wisdom not of this world only in a torrent of eloquence that thrilled and amazed his listeners he developed his discourse with the skill of a logician the art of an orator the charm of one predestined to the pulpit and brought his last period to the conclusion amidst the chorus of enthusiastic approbation on the instant he found himself conspicuous in a life of publicity the life he had sought in vain to fly from now indeed and in very truth his inner life was ended he was henceforth to be known as Anthony the preacher end of chapter 9 chapters 10 through 12 of the wonder-worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard this LibriVox recording is in the public domain chapter 10 Anthony the Lecter the provincial of Romagna who was present when Anthony delivered his first sermon at once appointed the young apostle a preacher in his province and st. Francis hearing of the extraordinary effect produced by the sermon not only confirmed the provincials appointment but greatly enlarged Anthony's sphere of usefulness by giving him leave to preach anywhere and everywhere whenever an opportunity offered and yet to preach only was not his mission st. Francis desired that Anthony should apply himself to the study of theology in order that he might speak with more confidence and authority and likewise be able to instruct other of his brethren neither st. Francis nor anyone else was aware of the nature and extent of Anthony's learning and he was therefore sent to Vercelli to study theology in the monastery of st. Andrew of the canons regular then under the discipline of abbot thomas the greatest living doctor in all Italy Thomas was one of the canons regular whom Monsignor cezzah Bishop of Vercelli had called from the monastery of st. Vincent of Paris to that of Saint Andrew approach le on account of their many virtues and accomplishments we may readily imagine the rapid progress so holy a religious as Anthony must have made at st. Andrews he who had already enjoyed the hidden treasures of heaven a companion in his studies was adam de marisco of Somerset Diocese of Bath England afterward doctor of the University of Oxford and finally Bishop of Ely a man famous for piety and learning these young men were received by Abbot Thomas with the utmost tenderness and in them he found pupils devoted to their studies of intense application and surpassing intelligence Anthony was still living under the rule of his order for Saint Francis had obtained from the Bishop of Vercelli a convent situated near the ancient Church of st. Matthew and here he dwelt going at appointed hours to class at st. Andrews Franciscan historians assure us that though Anthony applied himself most diligently to his studies he did not fail to preach the Lenten sermons in Milan and other places near at hand and that on these occasions his lucid exposition of the Scriptures astonished and delighted his ears even in the classroom he was a marvel one of his teachers says that while explaining to his pupils at work on the celestial hierarchy Anthony spoke concerning the different orders of celestial spirits with great precision and wonderful intelligence and it seemed to all who heard him as if he were in the very presence of that hierarchy so rapid was Anthony's progress in his studies so comprehensive his grasp and so felicitous his treatment of every theme under consideration that his classmates with one Accord urgently begged that he would impart to them something of the knowledge that seemed his birthright he hesitated they persistently implored Anthony knew that the rule of the order was founded upon poverty humility the scorn of all things worldly and he feared that a show of learning might be considered scandalous rather than edifying holiness and humility come first of all science and the polite accomplished should follow in their course that he might observe to the letter the holy rule and give no cause for scandal Anthony wrote to Saint Francis asking his will in the matter now there is not the shadow of a doubt that Saint Francis had the good the best good of the order at heart that for this reason he desired gradually to work certain reforms that he feared a tendency on the part of his followers to an over interest in the affairs of this life to the neglect of those of the life which is to come so he wrote to Anthony the letter has fortunately been preserved in the chronicles of the 24 generals he runs as follows to his dear brother Anthony brother Francis sends greeting in the Lord it is my wish that thou teach the Brethren sacred theology yet in such a manner as not to extinguish in thyself and others the spirit of prayer and devotion according as it is prescribed in the rule the Lord spare thee brother Francis thus was Anthony chosen by the patriarch of Assisi to depart into Bologna and there assume the office of lecture of theology unhappily no notes of his lectures then and they're delivered have been preserved to us but from his commentary on the Psalms we can judge of the spirit that pervaded them because of the nature of this spirit there have been those of his Brotherhood who have assured themselves that Anthony was the author of the imitation of Christ the authorship of that inspiring work has long been a vexed question but Francis Richard Cruz MD in his ingenious and exhaustive work on Thomas a Kempis seems to have finally settled it in his lectures Anthony avoided dry speculation he brought youthful enthusiasm coupled with the purest and lofty mysticism to bear upon the minds and hearts of his pupils to know to love this was his teaching to know so that one may love highly and wholly to love so that one may acquire the knowledge that is born of ardour devotion singleness of purpose the flower and the fruit of love chapter 11 Anthony the father of mystic theology st. Francis was the inspirer and Saint Bonaventure II the most illustrious representative of the mystic School of Theology but Thomas Gallo Pope Gregory the knight and Saint Bonaventure himself have styled Anthony the father of the school many were the titles conferred upon the inspired gospel er Cardinal guide them all for being dangerously ill was miraculously healed through the intercession of Saint Anthony and he therefore made a pilgrimage to the tomb of the saint at Padua and left at that shrine a splendid reliquary embellished with verses wherein the saint is hailed as the star of Spain pearl of poverty father of science model of purity light of Italy doctor of divine truth and glory of Padua this father of mystic theology and founder of the mystic School of the Middle Ages was from the very beginning a Wonder worker his preaching was nearly always confirmed by miracles the very sermon itself was in some sense as miraculous he must have possessed the gift of tongues while in Italy he preached an Italian he had all the knowledge he possessed of that mellifluous tongue he got during his brief intercourse with the six illiterate lay brothers at the hospice in the solitude of monte paolo while in france he preached in french though he had never studied language perhaps more remarkable still is the fact that the simple-minded and the most ignorant listeners were capable of fully comprehending all he said and his voice though gentle and sweet was distinctively heard at a very extraordinary distance from the speaker in that charming volume the little flowers of st. Francis is quaintly recorded that marvelous vessel of the Holy Ghost st. Anthony of Padua one of the chosen disciples and companions of Saint Francis who was called of st. Francis his vicar once preached in the consistory before the Pope and his Cardinals in which consistory there were men of diverse nations namely Greeks Latins French Germans Slavs and English and men speaking other diverse tongues fired by the Holy Ghost so efficaciously so devoutly so subtly so sweetly so clearly and so plainly did Anthony set forth the Word of God that all they which were present at the consistory of whatsoever diverse tongues they were clearly understood all his words distinctly even as he had spoken in the language of each man among them and they all were struck dumb with amaze and it seemed as if that ancient miracle of the Apostles had been renewed when at the time of the Pentecost they spoke by virtue of the Holy Ghost in every tongue and they said one to another with admiration and awe is not he who preaches come out of Spain and how do we hear in his discourse every man of us the speech of his own land likewise the Pope considering and marveling at the profundity of his words that verily this man is the Ark of the Covenant and the vehicle of the Holy Ghost Anthony appear a most opportune moment the church was sorely in need of him saying Dominic had gone to his reward the labors of Saint Francis were at an end he could only guide and encouraged by his advice in his approval and that intervals in still new life and to his children and confer a benediction upon them by appearing if but for a moment in their midst the honor and the glory that had been shared by Saint Francis and st. Dominic were his now for two Anthony felt a lot of continuing the work of these two illustrious patriarchs chapter 12 Anthony the hammer of heretics when Anthony girded on his armour and went forth to fight the good fight the affairs of Europe especially the religious affairs were in a sad state heresy was rife these heretics known as party Rini Kothari Waldenses Alba Jen C's and others almost too numerous to mention were more or less United in an attempted revival of manikyam for the most part they taught the external existence of the principle of evil denied the responsibility of the rational creature recognized fatalism and advocated the right of rebellion the secret societies wherein the Jew was a ranked element had for their maxim yura perjurer secretin Pend Oreille no li swear and forswear thyself provided thou keep the secret their cry was down with the Pope death to the Catholic Church that was a sorry time in his history of France Mischa lay says this judea france as long dog has been called was not only remarkable like ancient Judea for its bituminous pits and olive groves it also had its autumns and gomorrah's Italy says the old Franciscan chronic was all overturned and filled with confusion by all the other nations who came in through blood and their barbarous wards in her body invited so to do by the italians themselves who called them in to take part in their intestine feuds and who were all to be in the event their prey as it turned out and thus very soon there not only failed among them those sweet manners which used to make the italians like two angels on earth and place them above all nations in courtesy and charity but there died away also in them that blessed faith for the love of which they had renounced the empire of the world placing their necks under the most sweet yoke of Christ and of his holy roman catholic church and as it happens so often that people take their customs from the company they keep even the italians drank of that horrible chalice of heresy and abomination and going to license of life which was then at its highest point heretics began to multiply in that land anthony seemed to have been singled out by divine providence to combat the prevailing evils of his time to have had all his own sweet dreams high hopes and noble aspirations thwarted to have been kept in the background a silent unknown man until the moment when he was called to the front to battle and to victory for he achieved what perhaps he alone of all men could have achieved a glorious and triumphant victory how well he knew the nature and the requirements of his sacred office he said it behooves a preacher to lead on earth a heavenly life in keeping with the truths he is charged to announce to the people his conversation should only be concerning holy things and his endeavors must tend to about one end the salvation of souls it is his duty to raise the fallen to console them that weep to distribute the treasures of divine grace as the clouds send down their refreshing showers and all this must he do with perfect humility and absolute disinterestedness prayer must be his chief delight and the remembrance of the bitter Passion of Christ must ever accompany him whether in joy or adversity if he acts in this wise the word of God the word of peace and life of grace and truth will descend upon and flood him with its dazzling light he not only preached he practiced what he preached the serenity and beauty of his countenance the gentleness and meekness of his demeanor were an example a living and a lasting sermon unto all having once asked one of the brethren to go with him while he preached the two went forth and by-and-by returned Anthony not having uttered a word during all the time the brother turning to him said why have you not preached in Anthony answered we have preached our modest looks and the gravity of our behavior are as a sermon unto those who have followed us with their eyes he was absolutely without fear and proved it on many occasions as aliy know of treviso having placed himself at the head of a party of ghibellines made himself master of Verona Padua and indeed most of the cities of Lombardy for forty years this tyrant ruled there and his bloody and horrible reign terrorized the people he defied the Anathem 'as of Pope's Gregory the ninth innocent the fourth and Alexander the fourth hearing that the long-suffering Padawans had revolted he put to death in one day twelve thousand of the citizens as Alena lived at Verona the horror of his present cause the Veronese to fly and the city was nearly depopulated armed guards as savage as their master patrolled the almost deserted streets anthony going alone to verona sought audience of this monster he entered the palace of acelino and was conducted to the audience chamber where sat the bloodthirsty one upon a throne surrounded by his murderous troops at a word from azulene oh these human tigers would have fallen upon the defenseless Anthony and rent him limb from limb Anthony undismayed at once addressed the tyrant assuring him that his plundering his sacrileges were as a myriad tongues crying to heaven for vengeance and that his innumerable victims were living witnesses before God against him the ferocious guards stood ready to spring upon the accuser they awaited only the word what was their astonishment when they saw merciless azulene o pale and trembling descending from his throne and putting a girdle about his neck for halter prostrating himself at the feet of Anthony tearfully imploring him to intercede with God for the pardon of his sins when Anthony had departed turning to his soldiers azulene o said be not astonished at my sudden change I will tell you the truth while Anthony was reproaching me I saw in his countenance a divine splendor and I was so terrified that if I had dare to take vengeance I believe that I would have been suddenly carried off by demons and cast into hell some time afterward azulene o wishing to test Anthony and see if he were really more than human sent him a costly gift the gift bearers were cautioned to press the treasure upon Anthony but if he accepted it they were to slay him at once if he declined it they were to come away and use no violence these orders were obeyed bowing before the fryer they said your faithful son azulene OS sent us to you he earnestly recommends himself to your prayers and beseeches you to accept this gift we offer you Anthony of course declined it and begged that they would return to their master and say to him that it was God's wish that he should restore unto the impoverished whom he had laid waste all that he had cruelly rested from them and that he should make this reparation before it was too late with shame they withdrew from the presence of the friar and when they had reported to azulene o all that had passed between them he replied thoughtfully it is well this is truly a man of God leave him in peace I care not what he says of me for a considerable period after this azulene Oh showed a disposition to mend his ways he was less cruel less bloodthirsty a little more considerate of the rights and the feelings of his subjects but after the death of Anthony he relapsed into his former mood was in 1259 taken prisoner by the Confederate princes of Lombardi and perished miserably in close confinement Anthony success as a preacher was phenomenal and unparalleled that fine old chronicler John Peckham says of it from all parts of the city and its neighbouring villages people flocked in crowds to hear the sermons of the great Franciscan the law courts were closed business was suspended labor interrupted all life and movement were concentrated at one point the sermons and instructions of the mighty wonder-worker soon the churches could not contain the audience's he had to preach in the open air the plant dried up by the heat of the Sun thirsts for the dew of the early morn more lively and impatient was the desire of the pageant's for the coming dawn in the hour for which the conference's were announced from midnight the city was in motion nights and great ladies preceded by lighted torches pressed round the temporary pulpit a motley multitude covered the plain while the bishop accompanied by his clergy presided at the services the numbers often reach thirty thousand at the hour fixed Anthony would appear in outward demeanour modest and recollected his heart burning with love all eyes were fixed upon him and when he began to speak the crowds hushed into silence listened to his words with an immovable attention at the conclusion of the discourse the enthusiasm of his hearers could not be contained it burst forth in sobs shouts of joy or applause according to its effect upon each listener the crowd would rush upon the saint each one wished to see him closer to kiss the hem of his habit or his crucifix some even went so far as to cut bits of cloth from his habit to keep his relics a bodyguard of young men kept near him to prevent his being crushed by his admirers but the most admirable effects he achieved were the following enmities were appeased and contending families publicly reconciled users and thieves made restitution of their ill-gotten Goods great sinners struck their breasts and humble repentance abandoned women fled from the haunts of Vice and gave themselves up to penance the confessionals were besieged vais disappeared virtually revived and within the space of a month the aspect of the ancient city of Padua was transformed having entered the campaign which proved a veritable holy war within three months he became known to all as Anthony the hammer of heretics end of chapter 12 chapters 13 through 15 of the wonder-worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard this LibriVox recording is in the public domain chapter 13 Anthony sermon on the monastic life the secret of Anthony's marvellous success we do not know what may have thought at his voice another his manner and yet another his beautiful countenance his piety his fervor his persuasive eloquence were all important aids yet perhaps these alone might not have swayed the masses as he swayed them he was master of the situation alone unrivaled in a word he was altogether irresistible it is a marvel that we know so little of one so great one of the most conspicuous figures of his time he is yet but a shadow in the history of that time or rather as a bright and shining light elusive like a willow wisp startling and evasive like the meteor the truth is he was not of this world the details of his life are scanty someone in the 14th century cried out almost in despair we know not half of the beautiful actions of our hero most of them have been allowed to fall into oblivion either by reason of the deplorable carelessness of his first biographers or through lack of authentic document this is the more surprising when we find the little testimony that is preserved to us aglow with almost boundless enthusiasm in the lucerne manuscript sawn tante wha para Hilaire observes his soul was like a fair garden fertilized by the showers of divine grace where bloomed the sweetest flowers of heaven spreading around their fragrant odour these flowers were meekness and humility poverty and penance fervor and zeal wisdom and prudence beyond all praise were his eloquence the gracefulness of his manners his nobility of character his gentleness and kindness whether in the pulpit or the confessional with the clergy or laity he everywhere and at all times events that spirit of prudence which gives the gold mean to all the virtues and exhibited that utter forgetfulness himself which won him the love of all in a word he was indeed the beloved of God and men when Anthony went to Limoge in 1226 he preached in the cemetery of st. Paul's Church probably on All Souls Day a Benedictine writer has preserved the beautiful text which was taken from the sixth verse of Psalm 29 in the evening weeping shall have peace and in the morning gladness a brief exposition of the text has been found among his notes most likely a synopsis of this sermon there is a three-fold evening and the threefold morning he says a three-fold weeping and the threefold gladness the threefold evening is first the sad evening of the fall of our first parents in paradise second the sad evening of the passion and death of our Redeemer and third the sad evening of our own fast approaching death the threefold morning is first the glad morning of the earth of the messiah's ii the glad morning of the lord's resurrection and third the glad morning of our own future resurrection conceived what in effect the sermon must have produced as it fell from those inspired lips upon the ears of the mourners among the graves on the day following his address in the cemetery Anthony preached in a Franciscan abbey not far from the Church of st. Paul and his notes of this sermon on the monastic life happily preserved to us are so full we gain from them a pretty clear idea of his treatment of a theme on the text who will give me wings like a dove and I will fly and be at rest he says such as the cry of a soul that is weary of this world and longs for the solitude and peace of the cloister life it was of the religious life that Jeremiah spoke when he said leave the cities and dwell in the rock you that dwell in Moab and be like the Dove that maketh her nest in the mouth of the hole in the highest place leave the cities the sins and vices which disorder the tumult which prevents the soul from rising to God and often even from thinking of him leave the cities for it is written I have seen iniquity and contradiction in the city day and night shall iniquity surrounded upon its walls and in the midst thereof or labor and injustice and usury and the seats have not departed from its streets there is to be found iniquity against God and man contradiction against the preacher of truth labor in the ambitious cares of the world injustice in its dealings knavery and usury and its business transactions even dwell in Moab that is in the world which is seated in Pride as the city of Moab all is pride in the world pride of the intellect which refuses to itself before God pride of the will which refuses to submit to the will of God pride of the senses which rebel against reason and dominated but to leave the world to live remote from the tumult of cities to keep oneself unspotted from their vices is not sufficient for the religious soul hence the profit adds dwell in the rock now this rock is Jesus Christ establish yourself in him let him be the constant theme of your thoughts the object of your affections Jacob reposed upon a stone in the wilderness and while he slept he saw the heavens opened and conversed with angels receiving a blessing from the Lord thus will it be with those who place their entire trust in Jesus Christ they will be favored with heavenly visions they will live in the company of angels they will be blessed as Jacob was to the north and south to the east and west to the north which is the divine breath mortifying the flesh and its concupiscence 'as to the east which is the light of faith and the merit of good works to the south which is the full Meridian splendor of wisdom and charity to the west which is the burial of the old man with his vices but as to the soul which does not repose upon this rock it cannot expect to be blessed by the Lord and be like the Dove that maketh her nest in the mouth of the hole in the highest place if Jesus Christ is the rock the whole of the rock in which this religious soul is to seek shelter and take up her abode is the wound in the side of Jesus Christ this is the safe harbor of refuge to which the divine spouse calls the religious soul when he speaks to her in the words of the canticle arise my love my beautiful one and come my dove in the cliffs of the rock in the hollow place of the wall the divine spouse peaks of the numberless cliffs of the rock but he also speaks of the deep Hollow there were indeed in his body numberless wounds and one deep wound in his side this leads to his heart and that is hither he calls the soul he has espoused to her he extends his arms to her he opens wide his sacred side and divine heart that she may come and hide therein by retiring into the cliffs of the rock the Dove is safe from the pursuit of the birds of prey and at the same time she prepares for herself a quiet refuge where she may calmly repose and COO in peace so the religious soul finds in the heart of Jesus a secure refuge against the wiles and attacks of Satan and the delightful retreat but we must not rest merely at the entrance to the hole in the rock we must penetrate its depths at the mouth of the deep hollow at the mouth of the wound in his side we shall indeed find the precious blood which has redeemed us this blood pleads for us and demands mercy for us but the religious soul must not stay at the entrance when she has heard and understood the voice of the divine blood she must hasten to the very source from which it Springs into the very innermost sanctuary of the heart of Jesus there she will find light peace and ineffable consolations and be like the Dove that maketh her nest in the deep hollow of the rock the Dove builds her nest with little pieces of straw she gathers up here and there how are we to build up in abode in the heart of Jesus this divine Savior who so mercifully gives us the place wherein we are to make our abode furnishes us at the same time with the materials were with to constructed whole religious soul dove beloved of Christ behold those little pieces of straw which the world tramples under its feet they are the virtues practiced by thy Savior and thy spouse of which he himself has set the an example humility meekness poverty penance patience and mortification the world despises them as useless pieces of straw nevertheless they will be for thee the material wherewith to construct thy dwelling place forever in the profound hollow of the rock in the Heart of Jesus thus Anthony preached to thousands and tens of thousands and they followed him when he had finished speaking for it seemed that they could never have enough of him it was his custom to preface his sermons with this prayer which he himself composed the light of the world infinite God father of eternity giver of wisdom and knowledge and ineffable dispenser of every spiritual grace who knowest all things before they are made who make us the darkness in the light put forth thy hand and touch my mouth and make it as a sharp sword to utter eloquently thy words make my tongue O Lord as a chosen arrow to declare faithfully thy wonders what thy spirit o lord in my heart that I may perceive in my soul that I may retain and in my conscience that I may meditate do thou lovingly wholly mercifully Clement Lee and gently inspire me with my grace do thou teach guide and strengthen the cummings in and goings out of my senses and my thoughts and let thy discipline and struck me even to the end and the counsel of the Most High helped me through thine infinite wisdom and mercy amen so shown this light with the glow as a fire from heaven in the so-called Dark Ages chapter 14 Anthony the one under worker that miracles have occurred and are occurring even in our own day there is no shadow of doubt what is a miracle according to Worcester a miracle is an effect of which the antecedent cannot be referred to any secondary cause an event or occurrence which cannot be explained by any known law of nature a deviation from the established law of nature something not only superhuman but preternatural a prodigy a wonder a marvel thousands of eyewitnesses bore testimony in their day to the wonders worked by Anthony in France and Italy it would seem that his fame must have preceded him and that wherever he went his approach must have been heralded and his appearance hailed with enthusiasm by expectant and animated throngs this was not the case obedient to the voice of his superiors he went wheresoever he was bidden went alone and unannounced a stranger in a strange land unrecognized of any until he had lifted that voice whose persuasive eloquence no one was long able to withstand then came his triumph complete and overwhelming triumph followed upon triumph until at last the land rang with his praises on every hand he gave abundant proof of the divine power which he was called upon to exercise following in the footsteps of his Blessed master He healed the sick raised the dead and wakened the living to life everlasting preaching once upon a time in the pulpit of the Church of st. Eusebius in Vitelli a small Italian City then an independent republic like many another city of that day vast crowds pressed about him suddenly a great commotion arose with difficulty a grief-stricken family bore toward him the body of one of their number cut down in the prime life a great whale went up from the people Anthony paused in his discourse profoundly moved recollecting himself he extended his hand toward the body and cried in the name of Christ I say unto you young man arise and immediately the youth arose from the dead full of joy he stored to health and to the arms of those who had be wailed him great is the number and the variety of the wonders worked by Anthony here are a few of them taken at random from the pages of his several chroniclers he was preaching in the Cathedral at Montpellier in the presence of the clergy and the vast multitude it was Easter Sunday in the midst of his discourse he suddenly remembered that he had been appointed to sing at solemn high mass in the choir of a neighboring convent Chapel he had forgotten this he had even forgotten to find a substitute and the hour of the mass was at hand this seemed to him an act of disobedience and in his distress he drew his cowl over his face sank back in the pulpit and remained silent for a long time the people in amazement watched and waited at the moment when he ceased speaking in the cathedral though all the while visible to the congregation he appeared in the convent choir among his brethren and saying his office at the close of the service he recovered himself in the pulpit of the Cathedral and as his chronicler says finished his sermon with incomparable eloquence Anthony had completed his commentary on the Psalms the fruit of long vigilance and profound meditation a novice weary of the religious life and its ceaseless austerities resolved to return to the world and coveting Anthony's precious manuscript he captured it and fled the young rascal could have had no sense of humor or he would hardly have turned his back upon the cloister and so the mixed society of the world the flesh and the devil with a stolen copy of a commentary on the Psalms is his companion probably he hoped a profit by it in a worldly way but in this he was strangely thwarted upon discovering his loss Anthony had as ever recourse to prayer at that very moment the fleeting youth was confronted by a monstrous creature that ordered him to return at once to the Abbey and restore the commentary to its author this he was now only too glad to do and the Saint rejoiced at the recovery of his manuscript as well as of the soul that was in peril received a novice with every mark of affection nor was his loving-kindness ill bestowed for the lad became one of the most favorite of the faithful the st. Francis hushed the caroling birds in the Venetian Lagoon saying see seer singing a little while until we have rendered to God our homage appraised so Anthony rebuked the clamoring frogs in a noisy pool at the convent of Montpellier and they thereafter observed the respectable silence at the hours of prayer at Prien VA he converted a notary of dissolute habits and violent temper when they met in the streets Anthony would bow to the notary and the latter would fly into a rage believing that he was in mockery still Anthony saluted him reverently and more reverently whereupon the notary cried in a fury what does this mean but for fear of the anger of God I would run you through with my sword then Anthony replied with perfect composure oh my brother you do not know the honour in store for you I envy your happiness I long for the martyrs Palme the Lord denied it to me but he has revealed to me that this grace is reserved for you when that blessed are arrives be mindful I beseech you of him who fort it to you and it came to pass even as it had been predicted to a lady of rank who recommended herself to his prayers Anthony said be of good heart my daughter and rejoice for the Lord will give you a son who as a friar minor and the martyr will shed lustre upon the church this prediction was likewise fulfilled many he delivered from sore temptations and they were never again persecuted to a poor sinner overwhelmed with sorrow who could find no voice with which to confess himself Anthony said go right down your sins and bring me the parchment the penitent did as he was bidden returning with a tear-stained scroll as he read out his sins one after the other each disappeared from the parchment and having reached the last of these lo the scroll was spotless at sans union Anthony who was about to address the public predicted that the platform which had been erected for his use would collapse but that no one would be injured the fact was speedily verified one day preaching to a great multitude in a large square in the city of lamaze France a violent storm gathered and filled the people with terror they began to disperse in haste when Anthony said fear not the storm will pass you by so they remained and though the city was deluge not a drop of rain fell in the square where Anthony was preaching at Prive the Saint established a little Hermitage similar to the one at Monte Paolo postulants joined him seeking solitude and poverty on one occasion when they were in distress a much-needed alms was sent them by a lady to whom they had reluctantly applied for aid the lady servant carried the gift to them through a severe storm yet going and coming the servant walked drive and not one drop of water from the pouring clouds fell upon her one evening his companions at the hospice saw a band of marauders despoiling the field of one of the benefactors of the little community and they hastened to complain to Anthony fear not said he tis but an artifice of the evil one to distract you on the morrow they found that the field had been untouched the Kothari of Rimini invited the saint to a feast of poisons his astounding success in bringing Wanderers back to the fold fill them with hatred of him he knew at once that a snare had been laid for him by the Kothari and denounced them openly thereupon they said to him either you believe the words of the gospel or you do not if you believe them why hesitate to eat is it not written in my name they shall cast out devils they shall handle serpents and if they shall drink any deadly thing it shall not hurt them if you do not believe the gospel to be true why do you preach it take therefore and eat if you go unhurt we swear to embrace the Catholic faith blessing the viens the servant of God ate and was unharmed and all those who beheld the miracle returned into the fold paralysis and epilepsy he cured with the sign of the Cross at come ona near Danai where he was erecting a small convent on the model of the port young Kula he one day hailed a peasant who was passing with an ox team and begged that a load of bricks might be brought him the peasant not knowing who addressed him and not caring to be pressed into Anthony service said I cannot help you for I am carrying a corpse the truth is the peasant son lay sleeping in the bottom of the court when the peasant a little later attempted to waken the boy so as to tell him how he had fooled the friar he found that his son was that then he ran to Anthony and implored him to restore the life of the boy in Anthony making the sign of a cross over the body the youth arose and blessed him often under the influence of his exhortations penitence were moved to tears and convulsive sobs to such he would say to quote from his notes poor sinner why despair of thy salvation since all hear speaks of mercy and of love behold the two advocates who plead thy cause before the tribunal of divine justice a mother and a redeemer Mary who presents to her son her heart transfixed with the sword of sorrow Jesus who presents to his father the wounds in his feet and hands and his heart pierced by the soldiers Lance take courage was such a mediator with such an intercessor divine mercy cannot reject thee who could resist this appeal or fail to find strength and consolation in it chapter 15 Anthony preaches to the fishes again I return to that garden of delights the little flowers of st. Francis so delicate so dainty so fragrant are these flowers one cannot pass them by a notice the lips of the devout fashioned them and for two centuries they blossomed wherever the lovers of the saint were gathered together then they were carefully called and brought from near and far and the bouquet was made of them and it was called the little flowers of st. Francis therein we find that our Blessed Lord and Savior Jesus Christ desiring to set forth the great sanctity of his most faithful servant st. Anthony how devout a thing it was to hear his preaching and his holy doctrines he reproved the folly of heretics and infidels through unreasoning beasts notably the fishes as of old in the Bible he chide the ignorance of Balaam through the mouth of the ass and Saint Anthony being at Remini where there was a great multitude of heretics desiring to bring them back to the light of the true faith and to the ways of virtue for many days did preach and set forth to them the faith of Christ and of the Holy Scriptures but they not only consenting not to his holy words but even like hardened and obstinate sinners refusing to hearken unto him the Saint one day by divine inspiration went forth to the banks of the river close beside the sea and standing thus upon the Shore betwixt sea and stream he began to speak in the guise of a sermon in the name of God unto the fishes hear the word of God the fishes of the sea and of the stream since heretics and infidels are loath to listen to it and having uttered these words suddenly there came toward him so great a multitude of fishes great small and middle-sized as had never been seen in that sea or in that stream or of the people round about and all held their heads up out of the water and all turned attentively toward the face of Anthony and the greatest peace and meekness and order prevailed in so much that next the shore stood the lesser fish and after them the middle fish and still after them where the water was deepest stood the larger fish the fish being thus ranged in order Saint Anthony began solemnly to preach speaking busts my brother's the fish you are greatly bounding so far as in you lies to thank your Creator that he hath given you so noble and elements for your habitation so that at your pleasure you have fresh waters and salt and he has given you many shelters against storm he has also given you our clear and lucid element and food by which you may live god you're courteous and benign creator when he created you commanded you to grow and multiply and he gave you his blessing then when the great flood swallowed up the world and all the other animals were destroyed God preserved you only without injury or harm almost hath he given you wings that you may roam with her so ever it pleases you to you wasn't granted by God's command to preserve the prophet Jonah and after the third day to cast him up upon the land safe and sound you offered tribute to our Lord Jesus Christ which he poor and lowly had not wherewithal to pay you were the food of the everlasting King Christ Jesus before the resurrection and again after it by a strange mystery for the which things greatly are you bound and to praise and bless God which had given you such great and so many benefits more than to any other creatures upon these and other familiar words and the teachings of Saint Anthony the fishes began to open their mouths and to bow their heads and by these and other signs of reverence according as it was possible to them they praised God then Saint Anthony seeing such reverence and the fishes toward God their Creator rejoiced in spirit cried aloud and said blessed be the eternal God since fishes of the water honor him far more than heretic men and the unreasoning beasts more readily hearken to his word than faithless men and the st. Anthony continued his preaching the multitude of fishes was increased yet more and none departed from the place which he had filled upon this miracle the people of the town began to hasten forth and among them were also the aforesaid heretics the witch seeing so manifest and marvelous a miracle felt their hearts sorely pricked and they fell with one Accord at saint anthony's feet to hear word then Saint Anthony began to preach of the Catholic faith and so nobly did he discourse that he converted all those heretics and turned them to the true faith of Christ and all the faithful were comforted with great joy and were confirmed in their faith and this done st. Anthony dismissed the fishes with the blessing of God and they all departed with marvellous signs of rejoicing and likewise the people and then st. Anthony stayed in Rimini for many days preaching and reaping a spiritual harvest of souls end of chapter 15 chapters 16 through 18 of the wonder-worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard this LibriVox recording is in the public domain chapter 16 Anthony and the Israelite there dwelt that Bors the capital Barre in France an Israelite who was of all Israelites the most bitter foe of the Catholic Church he was the leader of the anti-christian movement in earnest worker in opposition to every doctrine that Anthony taught gr the Jew was not an ignorant and blind bigot he was a man of intelligence an honest doubter often he had listened to the preaching of Anthony yet he was not convinced shall we not say that it was his misfortune rather than his fault that he remained without the fold and persistently assumed an attitude of antagonism the dogma of the real presence of our Lord in the Blessed Sacrament was naturally his chief stumbling block much he could accept and much consider in a calm spirit of philosophical inquiry but the Eucharist transubstantiation the perpetual miracle was in his estimation past belief for this miracle he demanded miraculous proof the Turk does not question the word of Mohammed observed Anthony through this fellow of didymus the doubter the philosopher accepts the philosophy of Aristotle but you who pride yourself upon being a worthy Israelite will not accept the testimony of the Son of God I must see for myself with these very eyes before I can believe replied the doubting Thomas there are many who like him must put their finger in the wounds before they are convinced of the Living truth one day gr it said to Anthony brother Anthony if by some tangible outward sign you can can ferm the truth you have demonstrated by reasoning I will absorb I ancient Creed and embrace yours do you consent in order to save a soul one may make great concessions nor was it beneath the dignity of Anthony to offer visible proof to an anxious and inquiring eye I can Santi said I have a mule added the Jew I will keep him for three days under lock and key and then all that time feed him nothing at the end of the third day I will bring him to the largest public square in the city and there in the presence of all the assembled people I will offer him a feed of oats you on the other hand will come carrying the host which as you believe is the true body of the Son of God if the mule refuses the proffered food in order to prostrate himself before the monstrance I will become a Catholic and no longer question the truth of the doctrine taught by the Catholic Church here was a direct challenge and it was not declined Anthony felt that his victory was assured the reward of that victory was an immortal soul for three days the young apostle devoted himself to fasting in prayer not for one moment that he lose faith in the success of the miracle he was about to work but he dared not attempt it without solemn preparation meanwhile Gerard and his companions were so sure of Anthony's total defeat and discomfiture that there was much merriment at the one their workers expense and the interest in the approaching test increased from hour to hour the eventual day arrived yard and his friends trooped into the public square with smiles and laughter so confident were they that the famishing mule would instantly abandon himself to his oats the immense throngs who had gathered to witness the impending spectacle were consumed with curiosity as Anthony slowly approached bearing reverently the sacred host his eyes cast down his air devotional a great hush fell upon the multitude he was followed by a large crowd of the faithful singing Kanako's and whispering prayers the mule was then led forward and the oats lay temptingly before him at that moment Anthony drew near bearing the monstrance turning toward the dom broody exclaimed in the name of thy creator whose body I though unworthy hold in my hands I enjoin and command thee o being deprived of reason to come hither instantly and prostrate thyself before thy God so that by this sign unbelievers may know that all creation is subject to the Lamb who was daily immolated upon our altars in the same moment DRD and his friends presented the oats to the famished beasts without taking the smallest notice of the food the mule turning away walked to the feet of Anthony and bending his knees knelt before the Blessed Sacrament and remained there in an attitude of adoration great was the enthusiasm among the faithful the heretics fled away in fright and hid themselves for shame they dared not face the one who had proved that prayer is more powerful than the laws of nature many were so moved by the wondrous spectacle that though they had long wandered from the path of duty they returned into the fold yard likewise sought admission for he could no longer doubt and with him came his household he publicly attested his faith and in gratitude erected a church upon the spot where the miracle had taken place and that monument endures to this hour as late as 1850 a block of marble carved to represent a mule in the attitude of devotion was discovered in the wall of the facade of the church built by gr and consecrated in 1231 by Archbishop Simone de su Lee Pierrot say a doctor of the University of Paris and the poet of the 15th century wadding in his annals of the Friars Minor and Benedict Mazzara in his Franciscan legends bear witness to the authenticity of this memorial of a miracle Toulouse and romani claim alike honor with borscht and there are those who have believed that the miracle was repeated the evidence is cloudy and conflicting in these cases but there is no shadow of doubt that Anthony the Wonder worker worked that wonder in the ancient city of borscht and that gr the Israelite then and there built the Church of st. Peter in honor of his glorious conversion chapter 17 Anthony and the Christ child let us not be disconcerted if we find several cities contending for the honour to which one only is entitled since homers death it has been the fate of the distinguished poet to be claimed by many and various peoples as father brother son though while living in obscurity the devoted soul was suffered to endure neglect it is not surprising that the miracles of Anthony have not always been definitely located some of them may have been repeated in two or more localities tradition is more or less elastic and sometimes grows with what it feeds on what is of utmost importance is the proof of a miracle it matters less where it actually took place in Anthony we see embodied the beauty of holiness there is one who has borne witness to the truth of this for he was an eyewitness the Blessed privilege he enjoy should have immortalized him and yet the authorities are not united as to his identity Anthony founded the monastery of our Salavat without the walls about a mile distant from Padua there he loved to dwell but as his duties called him into the city daily and when preaching or hearing confessions in the evening he was often detained until the city gates were closed he found it necessary to seek a lodging which he could occupy at his leisure this he found as Azevedo informs us at the house of T so or T Sony one of the ancient family of counts of campus mpro famous in the records of their time that a miracle was performed somewhere no chronicler doubts but Azevedo seems to have had insufficient proof with the grounds for his statement that it took place in Padua wadding on the other hand does not attempt to locate it but father Bonaventure de santé mob lay a Carmelite of the 17th century on the authority of ancient documents existing in his time names without hesitation Chateau neuf the modern Chateau neuf la foret as the hallowed spot the legend is perhaps the best known in the life of the saint as it is certainly the most beautiful and it has been a favorite subject for the art of the best masters during the last 800 years excepting the hospitality of the Lord of Chateauneuf who according to the annals stay at limousine clearly loved Saint Anthony and his holy order he retired to his chamber and began the prayerful vigil that usually extended far into the night his host who was in an adjoining apartment was startled by a light as of a conflagration that poured from under the door of Anthony's room hastening to the door but fearing to enter lest he should disturb guest he listened for a few moments hearing voices he became agitated and riveting his eye at a crevice he beheld a vision that filled him with awe and Wonder Anthony knelt at a table where a large volume lay open upon the volume or above it stood a child of such surpassing loveliness that the gazers heart lept within him and his lips would have cried out for joy but that some mysterious influence and joined silence upon him the body of the infant was a fool Junt a soft glow was diffused on every side the luster of that countenance was ineffable the radiant being seemingly reposed upon the air and from a soft veil of vapor that emitted a celestial fragrance he leaned fondly upon the bosom of the friar and with hands of exquisite loveliness delicately caressed him soft music mingled with voices of heavenly tenderness in the flutter of invisible wings betokened the presence of angelic visitors the child who was the Christ child whispered in the ear of Anthony and as the Saint turned to the door the master of châteauneuf knew that his presence was detected so when Anthony met him on the morrow these words passed between them the Limu song chronicler records them in their brevity and simplicity father what did our Lord say to you he revealed to me that your house will flourish and enjoy great prosperity so long as it remains faithful to Mother Church but that it will be overwhelmed with misfortune and become extinct when it goes over to heresy in the 17th century the then Lord of châteauneuf espoused the cause of the Calvinists and in the fall of that house the prophecy was fulfilled for Anthony one ever associates him with the Christ child who Nestle's in his arms from the Holy visitations of the divine infant he gathered inspiration and there was he who said the Sacred Heart is a fountain of supernatural life a golden altar whereon is burning night and day forever incense that ascends in clouds of fragrance toward the skies and envelops and involves the earth chapter 18s a G some folk think the letters are mystical though their significance is known to many there are very many more to whom they convey no meaning you will usually find them if they are visible on the addressed side of an envelope down in the lower left-hand corner I say when they are visible for some who use them seem afraid to use them openly and so the letters are written in the upper right-hand corner of the envelope where the postage stamp covers them or they are inscribed on the underside of the lapel of the envelope and hidden away it is a pretty cult a sweet devotion a symbol of faith and trust and its voter ease who were shy enough at first and perhaps with reason for bigotry was rampant but a few years ago now grow bolder and their numbers multiply daily hourly and are scattered even unto the four quarters of the globe s Agee what do these letters stand for the question has been asked me a thousand times perhaps the letters down in their cozy corner were passed unnoticed for time then it was discovered that they were not the initials of the writer interest was now excited and at last curiosity refused to be satisfied until the mystery was solved s AG st. Anthony guide for st. Anthony guard but why st. Anthony guy it is the peculiar privilege of the Saint to guard and guide all travelers and especially all toilers of the sea and all who are exposed to the peril of wind and wave he is the rescuer and restorer of the lost strayed or stolen not a day passes not an hour but voices of the distressed are crying to him for help in a search after something that is mislaid and they do not cry in vain there is testimony enough in proof of this to fill a library is it a foolish office to heed these sometimes trivial requests every answer is an answer to prayer and the answer to prayer is the bulwark of our faith thus the Wonder worker works a perpetual wonder it is an incessant miracle that brings joy to myriads of grateful hearts every year the number of letters placed under the guidance of dear Saint Anthony increases the writers of letters who use the initials s a G seem to have formed an involuntary Brotherhood they are unconscious members of another order of Saint Francis who thus proclaim even unto the ends of the earth their absolute faith in Saint Anthony and his readiness to aid them that he has a special interest in the transportation of written messages is twice proved in his own case the facts read like fairy tales but then let us remember his life was one long fairy tale filled full of Wonders Anthony on one occasion being greatly in need of rest wished to retire for a little season to a solitude about 10 miles from Padua known as campo psalm pietro with this end in view he wrote to his minister provincial begging that he might be permitted to repair dinner the letter written he went to the superior of the monastery and asked that some trusty messenger be charged with the delivery of his letter and his request was at once granted returning to his cell to procure the letter and deliver it to the messenger he found it had disappeared he searched for it in vain unable to find it he took it as a sign that his duty lay where he was and he dismissed all thoughts of visiting campus on Pietro shortly afterward turning again to his desk where he had left the letter he found the answer lying there the answer written by his minister provincial and freely granting his request was it a celestial messenger that favoured him it is now Anthony's turn to favor one of his devoted clients in 1729 Antonio Dante a Spanish merchant left Spain for South America and established his business in Lima Peru his wife who remained in Spain wrote to him repeatedly without receiving a reply in great anxiety she went one day to the Church of st. Francis at Oviedo here was a huge statue of st. Anthony she had with her a letter addressed to her absent husband in all simplicity and with perfect confidence she placed that letter in the hands of the statue and said st. Anthony I pray thee let this letter reach him and obtain for me a speedy reply the next day she returned to renew her prayer seeing a letter still in his hands and believing it to be the one she had placed there the poor soul began to weep and crying aloud she said st. Anthony why have you kept the letter which I wrote to my husband instead of sending it to him as I asked you her boisterous grief attracted the attention of the brow sacristans who came to ask the cause of it when he had heard her story said I have in vain tried to take that letter from the hand of st. Anthony see if he will give it to you she took the letter from the hand of the image without difficulty and at the same moment there fell from the sleeve of the statue 300 golden coins the amazed sacristans hastened into the adjoining monastery called the Friars into the church where the bewildered woman was still waiting and in their presence before the high altar the letter was opened and read it ran as follows Lima July 23rd 1729 my dear wife for some time I have been expecting a letter from you and been in great trouble at not hearing from you at last your letter has come and given me joy it was a father of the order of st. Francis who brought it to me you complain that I have left your letters unanswered I assure you that when I received none I believed you to be dead so you may imagine my happiness at the arrival of your last one I answer by the same religious and send you three hundred golden crowns which will suffice for your support until my approaching return in the hope of soon being with you I pray God for you commend myself to my dear patron st. Anthony an ardently desire that you may continue to send me tidings of yourself your most affectionate Antonio Dante the original letter written in Spanish is preserved at Oviedo end of chapter 18 chapters 19 through 21 of the wonder-worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard this LibriVox recording is in the public domain chapter 19 Anthony at Padua Anthony had long been a wanderer from Portugal he travelled into Spain Morocco Sicily he journeyed from Messina to Assisi from Assisi to Monte Paolo Toulouse we Ave a limos Rome Rimini Venice Ferrara Mantua and elsewhere but of all the cities he visited and of all the people's he ministered unto his name was destined to become associated with Padua and the pageants the Padua of today is not the Padua of old it is naturally more or less modernized it happily a delightful flavor of antiquity still abides there and is perceptible in all its nooks and corners when I first visited Padua I was a pilgrim and a stranger one may be ever a pilgrim in that hallowed land but never twice a stranger alighting at the station I wondered through the streets suffering myself to be piloted by my good angel it may have been till I came to the inn with the sign of the three white crosses and I abode there the fifty thousand people of Padua left me to myself and I went my way as if I were invisible to any this shrine seems to be the least commercial of them all and yet it is one of the most famous and the most popular how soon one does Paju I as a tourist devouring it as it were bolting it as the hungry sightseer bolts everything visible of course there is a memory and an in digestion after all is over and the tourist packs himself home and sits down to think one does it in it day so much of padua as is in the guidebook there is a memory of lovely churches in the tombs of saints and old walls covered with very ancient frescoes and other works of art here Giotto was in his glory and there is a memory of a host of college boys wandering to and fro with their arms upon one another's shoulders a world-famous university that has been flourishing half a thousand years is located here somehow one cannot help thinking of enrico and his Italian schoolboys journal that most charming of the works of de amici's when one falls in with these Paju and students with their troubadour faces and airs and graces albeit they are not half so interesting as little Enrico oh the power the beauty the fervor and the pathos of that book quarry by edmondo de amici's read it if you have not read it there you will see the heart of young Italy laid bare the great circular Piazza of the city is wreath with a double row of statues commemorating in marble the famous or perhaps in some cases the infamous graduates of the memorable university in anthony's de Padua was a very different town now it languishes in its comfortable age then it was the abode of luxury the haunt of Vice debauchery and usury flourished family feud's were rife and God was forgotten at Remini borsch Toulouse Anthony had ward against heresy at Padua it was the sensuous and sensual and dissolute life of the people he was called upon to reform fearlessly he struck at the root of the evil face-to-face he attacked the depravity of those high in office hand to hand he wrestled with every obstacle that was raised before him and overthrew them each and all he was gentle but firm and his manner was so majestic his argument so convincing and his denunciation so terrible that no one could long withstand him he put an end to the most painful family contentions and to the scandalous quarrels of political factions Guelph and Ghibelline were reconciled those who had been long estranged fell upon one another's necks and exchanged the kiss of peace those who seemed unapproachable were approached by him those who were deaf to all others gave him an attentive ear 64 years after his conversion by Saint Anthony a once notorious brigands gave to the Friars Minor the following remarkable narrative of his personal experience I was a brigand by profession and one of a band of robbers there were 12 of us living in the forest whence we issued to waylay travelers and commit every kind of deportation the reputation of Anthony his preaching and his miraculous deeds penetrated even to our ears in the depths of the forest rumor compared him to the Prophet Elias it was said his words were so ardent and efficacious as to resemble the spark that falling into the sheaves of corn sets them aflame and consumes them we resolved to disperse ourselves one day amongst the crowd in order to test the truth of these assertions while he spoke another voice seemed to resound in our ears the voice of remorse after the sermon all the 12 of us contrite and repentant threw ourselves at his feet he called down upon us the divine pardon but not without warning us that if we unfortunately relapsed into our old ways we should perish miserably this prediction was verified a few did laughs and ended their days on the gallows those who persevered fell asleep in the peace of the Lord as for myself st. Anthony imposed upon me the penance of making a pilgrimage 12 times to the tomb of the apostles today I have completed my 12th visit and I feel confident that according to his promise and through his merits I shall meet him above the chronical adds tears and sobs interrupted the old man's last words Anthony is the glory of Padua and gloriously as Paju enshrined him you know all her strange eventful history there is no name that shines like his he was one of the two who did more for the Enlightenment the humanizing and the harmonizing of the hordes of the Middle Ages than all the rest besides Frederick Moran in his San Fran's wha la France the Seine says modern Europe has no idea of all it owes to st. Francis of Assisi Mont alum bear has proved by indisputable facts that the victory of Christianity over neo-paganism in the Middle Ages was chiefly due to the gallant efforts of the two new religious bodies that sprang up in the 13th century in the introduction of his life of st. Elizabeth of Hungary Montel embarr says the children of st. Dominic and st. Francis spread themselves over Italy then torn by so many disorders striving to reconcile rival factions to vindicate truth and confute error acting as supreme arbitrators yet judging all things in a spirit of charity in 1233 they could be seen traversing the peninsula armed with crosses incense in all of branches operating the cities and princes with their crimes and enmity and the people for time at least filed before the supply m-- mediation says our econ 2 in his history universe a adds at the head of the peacemakers we must place saint francis of assisi and his disciple st. Anthony of Padua Anthony preached peace and he restored it his constant cry was no more war no more hatred and bloodshed but peace God wills it and there was peace he was not quite alone in his noble efforts toward the reconciliation of all mankind the parish clergy the sons of Saint Benedict and st. Dominic as well as the sons of Saint Francis rallied at his call and mustered under his generalship it was a holy war in a triumphant one among these soldiers of the cross was one Luke veloute a preacher of eloquence and power who received the habit from Saint Francis himself and who was one of Anthony's most devoted followers his ashes lie buried by the side of those of the Saint he loved in that wonderful shrine in Padua he had his willing workers there in Padua and elsewhere but the burden fell upon the shoulders of Anthony and what a burden of responsibility of patient endurance of calm judgment and wise and deliberate action it was yet all the while he was devoted to his mission day and night he was in the pulpit or the confessional or by the bedside of the sick and dying and none of the thousand cares of the sacred ministry was neglected by him ever forgetful of self it is said that often and often he would toil until evening with no other nourishment and no thought of other nourishment than the blest bread he had received from the altar at dawn and all this was for the love of his people for the honor of Padua and the greater glory of God chapter 20 the passing of Anthony Anthony having chosen Padua as his place of residence because as his biographer John Peckham says of the faith of its inhabitants their attachment to him and their devotion to the Friars Minor he there ended his life work in his 36th year of grace how he loved Padua a fortnight before his death having ascended a hill overshadowing the city he gazed down upon it in all its beauty and stretching forth his hands above its marble palaces its domes and lofty bell towers and bosom didn't bow or of foliage while the incense of its blossoming gardens was wafted to him and the ripening cornfields and the vineyards framed at all in a frame of gold and green and purple he exclaimed in rapture blessed be Thou O Padua for the beauty of thy sight blessed be thou for the harvest of thy fields plus it also shalt thou be for the honour with which heaven is about to crown thee what honour at that moment in a vision he beheld the celestial City and through the gates of Padua the beloved his soul was to pass hence forever it was while on his way to the heights of compo son Pietro a few miles from Padua passing through a wood the property of his friend Don T so Anthony discovered a walnut tree of gigantic proportions here was deep shadow layer upon layer among branches as large as the rafters of a hall nothing could be more inviting for only the birds nested there while the butterflies fluttered in the sunshine that environment it it was a green island in a golden sea a place of refuge and refreshment for the world-weary having foreknowledge of his death anthony bethought him of this retreat with pliant bowels he wove a wall of Verger and fashioned a little cell between Earth and heaven the daintiest oratory that ever was and the couch for one who was in the world but not of it the old masters have painted him as in a nest among the spreading branch and have painted him with childlike simplicity as brooding there probably his leafy cell was a little heaven of detachment where nothing ever broke in upon his meditations his faithful allies brother Luke veloute and brother Roger kept watch with him two silent sentinels standing between him in the outer world once a day he descended from his Airy solitude and broke bread with the two brothers who attended him it seemed to be more matter of form than of necessity he no longer was of the earth as we are but was a spirit bearing about a fragile shell of clay that was soon to be laid aside a useless and abandoned thing his waking hours were passed in prayer and in the completion of his commentaries he spoke not nor was he ever known to smile he was absorbed in preparation for his final flight one day when he had descended to break his fast with his companions he fainted at their rustic board at first the brothers thought him in ecstasy for his ecstasy's were frequent now but seeing the shadow of death upon him they hastened to assist him to a couch of green shoots close at hand having recovered consciousness and seeing the brothers bending over him in tears he begged that he might at once be taken to the monastery at Padua there to die among his brethren supported by their presence and their prayer he was tenderly placed in a passing peasants cart and the sad procession started but so great was his exhaustion when they reached arcella the convent of Poor Clares near the gates of the city that the brothers besought him to alight there to seek the rest he stood so much in need of with difficulty he was assisted into a small hospice joining the convent where dwelt three or four Friars Minor who acted as chaplains to the daughters of st. Clare by this time Anthony was beginning to lose consciousness but recovering himself for a little while he made his last confession when the Friars proposed to anoint him he said I already possess that unction within myself but it is good to receive it outwardly while extreme unction was being administered he recited with the Brethren prayers for the dying and the penitential Psalms and received the absolution then filled with the heavenly joy that was like an ecstasy to the wonder of those about him he sang alone and in a clear full voice his favorite hymn o gloriosa da minha excelsis superseded ARA cuite Craiova pro-v de la casa saw clay Luber a quad ava Trista's obstinate to raid his alma Jeremy knee in Trent would Austria Flay blaze jelly fenestra fakta asked to rages all te whanoa at porta Lucius Fujita V Tom Dom perversion M gent as read em tape loud eat a Gloria tibi domine qui now to assess a virgin a compadre at Santo Spiritu in San Pete Erina sekolah having ceased singing he raised his eyes to heaven with the gaze that startled his companions It was as if those eyes were filled with some wondrous vision brother Roger in whose arms he was supported said what do you see an Anthony answer it's still gazing in rapture I behold my god for about half an hour he was lost in contemplation of the beatific vision and then like a weary child he fell into a deep sleep and woke no more at the moment when his soul was set free from its earthly tabernacle Anthony appeared to dawn Thomas the abbot of st. Andrews at Vercelli who was at the time sitting alone in the room his former pupil entered and said to him see father Abbot I have left my bird near the gates of Padua and am hastening to my own country he then passed his hand caressingly across the throat of the abbot who was suffering from a severe chronic affliction and the throat was permanently cured thereupon Anthony disappeared the abbot surprised at the sudden entrance and the exit of Anthony hastened after him to beg him to remain a little while a guest but throwing open the door of his chamber no Anthony was visible those who were waiting in the antechamber had seen nothing of him nor had anyone at st. Andrews saved the abbot any knowledge of Anthony then the abbot knew that the burden Anthony had left at Padua was his body and that the home to which he was hastening was not Portugal but paradise efforts were made to keep Anthony's death a secret he was the popular idol of all Italy and not alone of Italy he had wielded greater personal influence than almost any man of his time he was not only respected by the masses but he was listened to with rapt attention by the representatives of all classes from the peer to the peasant he was loved by all reverenced by all he was fairly worshiped by the vast multitude of his faithful followers and therefore it was deemed wise to keep his death a secret for a time at least lest the populace should be distracted and demoralized by so terrible a blow man proposes hardly had his bright spirit taken its flight when the children of Padua the children he so dearly loved as if inspired rushed about the streets in a kind of frenzy crying out our Saint is dead Saint Anthony is dead consternation followed the whole city was plunged in desperate grief and still worse was to follow the body of Anthony was a precious treasure coveted by all as the dying gaze of st. Francis rested upon Assisi the city of his soul whose portals he was not again permitted to enter in the flesh so Anthony homesick and heartsick for his Padua gave up the ghost without her gates had Anthony entered the city and breathed his last in the monastery of his order there could have arisen no question as to the ultimate disposition of his remains but he fell by the wayside as it were therefore the Poor Clares in whose humble hospice he died claimed the honor of enshrining his remains so that his brethren the Friars Minor of Padua so also did the suburbs and the magistracy of Padua promptly forward their claims thus it happened that the body of the saint who strove to bring peace into the world once more became the source of violent contention John Peckham describes the grief of the Poor Clares at the death of Anthony alas they cried unhappy we attend their father of our souls taken forever from your daughter's why has death spared us for this cruel blow our poverty contented us and we counted ourselves rich when we could hear you preach to us the gospel of the Lord then one of the nuns sought to console the others in these words why shed useless tears it is not the dead we are be wailing but an immortal the companion of angels an inhabitant of heaven a great consolation will flow for us out of this painful separation if we can keep him here amongst us a joy we could not have whilst he lived the Poor Clare sent a deputation to the magistrates and Nobles of Padua beseeching them to lend their influence to the end that the body of Anthony might be retained in their convent the Friars immediately upon learning of his death hastened to arcella with the intention of removing the remains at once to their monastery of Santa Maria it was his wish they said in proof of their right to possess the body and so it was his wish he had the people of coupl Daponte where our cellar was located openly sided with the Poor Clares and resolved that the Friars Minor should not carry away with them the Blessed remains the Friars appealed to the bishop who decided in their favor but when the enthusiastic Paju ones went forth to bring away the body they were met by the armed partisans of the Poor Clares and bloodshed seemed imminent and inevitable at length the bishop persuaded the combatants to declare a truce until the provincial who was absent at the time and had been sent for should return still this did not suffice at very night while the Friars at the Hospice of the Poor Clares were watching beside the dead behind barricaded doors the excited populace eager to get a view of the body if not to carry it away with them threw down the barricades and tend to drive away the Watchers on the instant they were struck blind and transfixed as if turned to stone at daybreak the multitude assembled to look upon the body of Anthony and to touch it miracles were wrought then and there while from time to time arose a wail from the people who cried with one voice whither have you gone loving father of Padua have you really gone away and left behind the children who repented and were born again to Christ through you where shall we find another to preach to us orphans with such patience and charity owing to the non arrival of the provincial brother Leo of Alba sorry a very wise and prudent man later Archbishop of Milan went out to calm the passions of the ever-increasing throngs addressing the man of arcella he said my brother's there can be no question of justice as regards your claim but if you wish to retain the body of father Anthony asking it as a favour I and my brethren will consult as to what seems to be the will of God meanwhile I gladly give you permission to watch the place where our Holy Father Anthony lies in order that you may not distrust us a body of armed men was sent from Padua to protect the convent of the Poor Clares and an order issued that anyone molesting the Friars were found carrying weapons at our sulla should be fined a hundred pounds of silver when the Bishop held court a few days later he summoned the Friars Minor as well as the representatives of couple de Pompey in order that he might hear and judge both sides of the question it was now the belated provincial who arose and said justice is a holy thing and must never be made the sport of passion love and attachment are praiseworthy but they must give way to just this president affair has been conducted with blind passion rather than according to the rules of justice who can doubt that brother Anthony belonged to us you all witnessed his arrival in Santa Maria how he went in and out amongst us how if he went on a journey it was to us he returned a month ago he left us but only as he himself said to come back in a short time and then to remain with us altogether I therefore who although unworthy govern this province declare frankly brother Anthony belongs to us as he himself wished we do not demand this but we in all humility ask the venerated chief pastor the honourable council and the faithful people of Padua to grant our petition the petition was granted the sisters of arcella graciously resigned their claim peace was restored and on the 18th of June 1231 five days after his death the body of Anthony was solemnly conveyed from the convent of the Poor Clares to the Church of Santa Maria in Padua it was a triumphal procession participated in by the bishop the clergy the members of the university the civil authorities and vast throngs of the inhabitants the noblest of the padawan II in turn carried the bier of myriad flaming candles born after it were as a wake of fire Pontifical mass was celebrated by the bishop and after the customary rights the body was laid in a marble sarcophagus supported by four columns from this shrine a flood of miraculous power issued the blind saw the Deaf heard the maimed walked and the sick were healed even those who could not enter the church for the throngs that filled it to suffocation were cured in the presence of the multitude without toward the end of his life by reason of his prolonged vigils his continuous fasting his arduous and unceasing labors Anthony's form was wasted his face Haggard his skin like drawn parchment he was in feeble to the verge of decrepitude those who looked upon his body after death found it restored to the incomparable beauty of youth the smile of infancy played upon those fair features a delicate flush suffused them the limbs were once more softly rounded and were pliable to the very last as if he were by dreaming a sweet dream of rest there he lay wrapped in the innocent slumber of a child fragrant as a dew-drenched rose a very lily of purity plucked in its perfect Prime chapter 21 The Sorrows of Anthony how can a saint be sorrowful should not his thank that he alone be sufficient to fill him with inexpressible joy he can sorrow for the sins of others though he himself is sinless Anthony no doubt did this again and again and yet again he can despise himself and his works they both fall so short of his ideal and surely this is sorrow enough for one soul to suffer Anthony sorrowed in like manner but I believe this was not his chief sorrow the source of his sorrow lay elsewhere in looking back through the brief history of his career we find that in a certain sense Anthony's life was a series of disappointments was in fact one long disappointment from beginning to end he did not pride himself upon his noble what he despised the riches that were in store for him and turned from them with contempt he took no pleasure in the pastimes of his playmates he sought only solitude for his soul was ever solitary and would fain fly away into the wilderness and there make its home having found a solitude which seemed suitable in all respects his spiritual tranquillity was disturbed by the advent of the friars who were even then far on the royal rule to martyred him then solitude lost its charms he also yearned for the baptism of blood the blessed pangs the purifying flames and the martyrs glorious palm yet these were not for him at the very threshold of the arena where torture and cruel death awaited their innocent victims he was denied admittance and laid low with a fever that compelled his reluctant retreat here was sorrow upon sorrow for he had been thus rudely awakened from the loftiest dream of his life again his heart sought retirement and like the stricken deer fled from the herd in anguish and dismay the world he loathed with a righteous loathing and to escape from it he feigned a simplicity of mind that had it been genuine must have unfitted him for almost every walk in life through this innocent ruse he was once more enabled to taste the sweets of solitude there he enriched himself with those spiritual riches which he was anon to scatter broadcast through the world not long could he hide his light under a bushel let him try never so hard the breadth and beauty of his mind the loving kindness of his heart the splendor of his talents the wisdom of his judgment the depth of his penetration the profundity of his speculations and the luminous exposition of every theme he touched upon finally swept him into the very vortex of political and religious contention this was the end of all his cherished hopes and fond aspirations real solitude he could never again no save at long intervals and for a little moment and even then he must have accused himself of leaving worldly duties unperformed for the holier and pure joy of silence and seclusion but sorrows crown of sorrow awaited him finding himself suddenly called to his reward with but a few hours between him and the grave his one desire was to reach the city he had chosen for his own and the monastery of his brother friars where he had hoped to end his days within sight of the gates of that city within sound of the monastery bell he was stricken down to death and for a time it seemed as if his dust would not be permitted to lie within the sanctuary of his adoption therefore I say that the sorrows of Anthony were in a certain sense continuous and unceasing that his life was one long sorrow he bore this grievous burden weakly and in silence with never a murmur of complaint we have not learned from his lips or his pen a single syllable of his sufferings mental spiritual or physical but we know full well that he was a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief end of chapter 21 chapters 22 through 24 of the wonder-worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard this LibriVox recording is in the public domain chapter xxii the joys of Anthony sorrow is for a night joy cometh with the morning and joys are the more joyful by reason of the sorrows that have preceded them life without contrast is like a picture without light and shade a blank such a life is not worth the living a poet has remarked the joy of love is loving this is doubtless true and this was anthony's chief joy he loved his fellow man even when he sought to shun them it was his nature to love even as it was his nature to seek retirement and to strive perhaps to forget the object of his love for his love for God was the ruling passion of his life as he loved all so he won the love of all even the love of his enemies who straightway became his faithful followers out of the abundance of his love he worked his wonders like a good husbandmen he went to and fro sowing peace in the field of dissension at his approach bringing with him as he did an atmosphere that penetrated the hardest heart and softened it he attuned long-standing dis cords he harmonized the in harmonious home circle to the white fleeing from the wrath of an enraged and unreasonable husband he said return to your own home in peace and when she had come to her own home a kindly welcome awaited her to the infant who his lips had not yet framed the syllable and whose father had unjustly accused his wife of infidelity Anthony said my child I adore thee in the name of the infant god of the manger to declare publicly in clear and positive terms to whom thou owest thy existence the child in the arms of its mother turn toward the accuser and pronounced distinctly these three words behold my father then Anthony taking the babe and placing it in the arms of the husband said love this child for it is indeed your own love also your wife who has been proved to be faithful devoted and worthy of your affection what a sermon in a few words on true and false love he preached that the funeral of the florentine notable Anthony's text was where thy treasure is there thy heart is also pausing suddenly he beheld in a vision the soul of that rich man in torment he exclaimed this rich man is dead and his soul is in torture go open his coffers and you will find his heart the astonished relatives and friends hastened to do his bidding and they're half buried among the gold pieces they found the still palpitating heart of the dead crow --ss it was Anthony's fearless joy to bring a misguided Bishop to repentance he must have been conscious of his power to impart health to the sick and even to breathe life into the marble lips of the dead daily they almost hourly he brought peace to the heart that was troubled he dried the tears of the mourner and planted hope in the bosom of despair these were the joys that must have visited him daily yeh even hourly for daily and hourly was he scattering benedictions broadcast even as the rain from heaven that falleth the like upon the just and the unjust and so he passed away from sorrows that were ended and from earthly joys to the joys of heaven the joys that are without beginning and without end he passed away beloved and be willed by peoples and by nations whose hearts he had touched as they had never yet been touched whose consciences he had pricked until they had goaded their possessors in new paths where they learned to lead nobler and braver lives whose souls he had quickened and gathered into the fold and saved forever and forever chapter 23 the glories of Anthony numberless are the glories of Anthony and they are ever increasing from age to age Pope Gregory the ninth who called him the arc of both Testaments and the storehouse of the sacred scriptures long to honor him under his teaching and preaching numberless heretics had been converted rebellious cities had been reconciled and the miracles which were being constantly wrought through his instrumentality had created astonishing fervor throughout the land therefore it was the wish of His Holiness to attach Anthony to the papal court and invest him with the purple the gentle Franciscan remembering the replies of Saint Dominic and Saint Francis on a like occasion in 1217 made answer in the words of the founder of his order my Lord said this Rafic father my children are called Friars Minor because they hold the lowest rank in the church this is their post of Honor beware of taking it from them under the pretext of raising them higher so Anthony was permitted to return into the solitude of God and this was one of his glories it was a glorious privilege Anthony enjoyed when he was permitted to fly to the rescue of his father who was in dire distress that father Don Martino was still a resident of Lisbon still basking in the favor of the king and holding high office in the court one day a young nobleman coming from the Cathedral was seized and murdered by assassins who threw the body into the garden of don martino which was close at hand Don Martino was arrested on suspicion and cast into prison - Anthony the fate of his father there was miraculously revealed having perfect faith in his innocence and desiring to go a once to his rescue Anthony asked leave with a superior of the convent of arcella to absent himself from Padua for a little time he was himself provincial and not obliged to ask leave with a father guardian but he never forgot the exercise of humility for he was meekness itself having obtained leave of absence he began his weary journey scarcely knowing when or how he was to reach its end or whether he should arrive in time to rescue his father from impending peril filled with hope and perfect trust suddenly he found himself miraculously transported to Lisbon the trial was in progress Anthony at once entered the courts and presenting himself before the judges who were struck dumb with amazement he begged leave to speak in defense of don martino he declared his father innocent where were the proofs Anthony replied the murdered man shall bear witness as to the truth of my testimony Anthony led the way to the victim's grave followed by the wandering judges and the excited populace he commanded that the grave be open and when it was opened and the body was uncovered Anthony addressing the dead man charged him in the name of God to say whether Martino they blew all was his murderer rising in his grave close to a sitting posture resting upon one hand while the other was raised to heaven the dead declared in a loud voice that Marti notably owned was guiltless then turning to Anthony he begged absolution from an excommunication under which he laboured and when his prayer was answered he sank back into his coffin a corpse again then the bewildered judges begged the saint to reveal the name of the murder and he replied I come to clear the innocent not to denounce the guilty when Anthony reappeared at arcella he had been absent two nights and a single day on another occasion don martino who had the management of a considerable portion of the Royal Exchequer delivered a large sum of money into the hands of his subordinates who neglected to give him a receipt for it some months later when about to render his accounts he remembered that he had no receipt for certain monies delivered and when he asked for one those who had received the sum denied all knowledge of the transaction it was a plot of his enemies to ruin him while he was standing before his audacious accusers in despair proving his case Anthony appeared at his side and naming to his accusers the exact hour and the very place when and where they had received the money even describing the different coins in which it had been paid he demanded that a full receipt me at once rendered to his father and as soon as it was done he disappeared this is one of several instances of bilocation in the miraculous history of Anthony he knew the minds in the hearts of all and spoke to many at a distance calling them by name he had perhaps never met them face to face at his word they were converted and returned to the Holy sacraments said Pope Gregory the ninth six hundred years ago the supernatural which blossoms from the tombs of the elect is a continuous proclamation of truth for by this means God confounds the malice of heretics confirms the truth of Catholic dogma renews the faith that is on the point of being extinguished leads back Christians who have erred they even Jews and pagans to the feet of him who is the way the truth and the life the Amos book of the bolan this contains nearly 30 folio pages filled with the record of pure miracles Azevedo devotes an entire book of four chapters to some of the miracles of Anthony selected by the Bolan disk as most authentic under the head of death under the classified miracles Azevedo names a dozen cases in each case the Dead was brought to life under the head of error he notes numerous miraculous conversions among them a Lutheran a Calvinist a Turkish lady and an Indian prince under the title of calamity our stories of miraculous relief brought to many in various persons those condemned to death were delivered the imprisoned were set free in all manner of diseases were healed it is a pretty story told of a child whose mother seeing it fall from a high window cried to Anthony for help when the distracted mother rushed to seek her boy he ran smiling to her and said a friar caught me in his arms and placed me gently on the ground the mother took the child to the old franciscan church of our ocelli in Rome to return thanks and as they entered it the little fellow pointing to a picture said see there is the friar who saved me the friar was Saint Anthony of Padua a poor leper was being carried to the shrine of Anthony when he was met by a heartless soldier whose coughing ly saluted him whither art thou going wretch may thy leprosy come upon myself if st. Anthony succeeds in curing thee the leper went his way and while praying fervently the Saint appeared to him and said arise thou art whole but seek out the soldier who mocked thee and give him the clappers for leprosy is already devouring him the clappers were an instrument of warning which all lepers were obliged to carry about with them but in the streets that people might avoid infection he was a leper but a few moments before found the soldier in a wretched white the soldier in his turn repented and calling upon the saint he was straightway healed many were the Wells he blessed and the waters there off cured fevers from that hour indeed so wide as the range of his miracles that one may call on him in any straight perhaps the tenderest devotion of all he has awakened in the guileless heart of maidenhood and his feet she lays her heart and asked of him guidance in the choice of its protector trusting him through him she would trust his choice for her and thus repose in perfect confidence upon the bosom of one whose lot in life she has been sought to share in a union so dear so delicate so devotional it seems indeed under the immediate patronage of the most loyal and lovable of saints Anthony spent the first 15 years of his brief life in his paternal home two years at st. Vincent's the monastery of the canons regular of Saint Agustin near Lisbon nine years it's not the cruise in Queen breh and about ten and a half years in the order of the Friars Minor he then passed away so prodigious were the wonders worked at his tomb and through his intercession within six months after Anthony's death the Bishop of Padua petitioned the Holy See to confer on the wonder-worker the honor of canonization the preliminary judicial enquiries were instituted without delay and by an exception almost unparalleled in history before the year was ended on whitsunday may 30th 12:32 the supreme pontiff Gregory the ninth then at Spoleto solemnly pronounced the decree of canonization in it he says having ourselves witnessed wonderful and holy life were blessed Anthony the great Wonder worker of the universal Church and then willing to withhold the honor due on earth from one whom heaven itself has surrounded with glory we in virtue of the plenitude of our apostolic Authority after having duly consulted our brethren the Cardinals deem it expedient to inscribe him in the calendar of saints indescribable rejoicing followed the announcement that Anthony had been declared a saint his mother and his two sisters who survived him enjoyed the extraordinary privilege of witnessing the festivities given in honor of the saint every city that had known him in the flesh now especially honored him every house or hospice or haunt that he had visited became hallowed in the eyes of his followers and the place of pious pilgrimage at 3 V in the South of France pilgrimages were twice interrupted and for a long time discontinued in 1565 the Calvinists were the cause of this interruption and in 1793 the Revolutionists but in 1874 Monsignor Berto re-established the devotion the sons of Saint Francis again took possession of the hill sanctified by the prayers of the wonder-worker and the Bishop of Toole on August 3rd 1874 when the Franciscans were reinstated remarked on that joyful occasion today I the Bishop of this diocese in the name of the church take possession again of this venerable sanctuary this celestial Hill this spot has heard the ardent size of an impassioned lover of Christ the mighty orator who drew his mystic lore from the sacred scriptures and deserved to be styled by Gregory the ninth the arc of the Testament his commentaries on the divine pages may be likened to a golden harp sending forth men nificent harmonies to the glory of the word incarnate the child Jesus himself touched his lips and his fingers that they might pour forth golden words this inspired preacher of the word of God whom we call anthony of padua has trodden these valleys and plains has prayed and watched in this lonely cave a slaked his thirst in this clear water which is a reflection of the purity of his soul today I've been you welcome sons of Saint Francis to this spot once inhabited by your brother the great wonder-worker proclaim Christ where so ever you go and in all your strivings imitate your holy brother in st. Francis the great st. Anthony of Padua breve is annually the resort of thousands of pilgrims and not prevail only and the valley of the kharece everywhere and under many forms st. Anthony is venerated that will Clues and elsewhere it has been the custom to invoke Saint Anthony in order to ensure a plentiful harvest in a bravery of the 14th century belonging to the Diocese of apt we find the following form of blessing it is the blessing of the seed grain bless O Lord this seed and through the merits of our Blessed Father st. Anthony deign to multiply it and cause it to bring forth fruit a hundredfold and preserve it from lightning and tempest who liveth and reigneth world without end amen in the same volume has found the following prayer used when a blessing was invoked upon a child and a measure of corn the weight of the child was distributed among the poor we humbly beseech thy clemency o Lord Jesus Christ through the merits and prayers of our most glorious father Saint Anthony that now would stain to preserve from all ills Fitts plague epidemic fever and mortality this thy servant who in thy name and in honor of our Blessed father Saint Anthony we placed in this balance with wheat the weight of his body for the comfort of the poor sick who suffer in this hospital deign to give him length of days and permit him to attain the evening of life and by the merits and prayers of the saints we invoke grant him a portion in thy holy and eternal inheritance guarding and preserving him from all his enemies who liveth and reigneth with the father and the Holy Ghost world without end amen chapter 24 an unfading memory from the very first confraternities in honor of Saint Anthony have existed in many parts of the world with the revival of the spirit of Catholic devotion the love for st. Anthony increased his blessed name had ever been associated with the relief of the wants of the poor and the favorite form of charity in his name has been the liberal be stole of loaves among the hungry and impoverished this bread has come to be known as the bread of st. Anthony says a good woman writing as late as 1892 from Toulon I promised bread to st. Anthony for his poor if he would help me and he has helped me all my friends pray with me to the good Saint and all our troubles are commended to him with a promise of bread to his poor we are astonished that the grace is thus obtained one of my most intimate friends promised a certain amount of bread every day of her life if a member of her family could be cured of a fault that had caused her great grief for three and twenty years and the prayer was granted in Thanksgiving she brought a little statue of Saint Anthony and we put it up in a dark corner where we require a big lamp to see it and now my back shop is filled all day with people in fervent prayer not only do they pray but one would think that they were paid to spread this devotion so zealously do they do so sometimes a soldier an officer a sea captain going for a long voyage will promise so much per month in bread to st. Anthony if they make their journey safely sometimes it is a mother asking for the health of her sick child or perhaps for the success of an examination then again it is a family asking for the conversion of one amongst them who is dying and who will not see a priest a servant out of a place for working people out of work and all these petitions which are accompanied with the promise of bread are granted the universal Association of st. Anthony of Padua founded by don loca Tilly at the request and with the blessing of Pope Leo the 13th has been established at Padua it now numbers nearly 260 thousand members the pious Union a similar organization is flourishing in Rome here and there in England and Ireland chiefly in convents the bread givers have given freely in Saint Anthony's name there is a humble little Franciscan monastery church at Crowley Sussex England within that church is a chapel which for a long time was not dedicated to any special object recently a remarkably fine portrait of Saint Anthony was discovered at Crawley it was placed in the unoccupied Chapel and the chapel was dedicated to the saint thus was established the guild of st. Anthony it's object the promotion of devotion to Saint Anthony and to propagate the work of the distribution of his breath to the poor masses and other spiritual advantages are given to its members who are placed under no other obligation than the entering of their names in the register kept for that purpose at Crawley the ALMS or the bread promised in the name of Saint Anthony can be given wherever the donor pleases any reader who is interested in this beautiful charity can learn full particulars by applying in person or through the mails to the Reverend Father Guardian OSF C Franciscan monastery Crawley Sussex England when faith has been at a low ebb devotion to our Saint has not been dealt at all G where there is a very precious relic of Saint Anthony the inhabitants have been ever loyal to a man a hard-working peasant is reported to have said to his son with more enthusiasm than judgment you may work on Sundays and you may work on holy days even Christmas and Easter if you must but if you are so wicked as to work on st. Anthony's Day I will hang you from the highest gable of the house the body of Saint Anthony was brought in to Padua on Tuesday it is a well attested fact that no single sufferer who invoked his aid on that day failed to be cured in 1617 a lady of Bologna who in her distress had appealed to Saint Anthony saw in a dream his likeness the Saint opened his lips and said go on nine consecutive Tuesdays and visit the Chapel of the Friars Minor there receive Holy Communion and thy prayers shall be granted and it was as he had promised her this miracle gave rise to the devotion of the nine Tuesday's in honor of Saint Anthony later it was increased to 13 in honor of the date of his death for more than 30 years the body of the Saint remained in its marble shrine in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore but the Friars and the people were not content and in 1263 it was translated by Saint Bonaventure to the high altar of a new church built by the Friars Minor in his honor on opening the shrine at this time it was found that the body had returned to dust but the tongue was in corrupt and of a natural color st. Bonaventure exclaimed in a transport of devotion Oh blessed tongue which always didst bless the Lord and cause others to bless him now does it appear plainly how highly thou wert esteemed by God in 1310 his body was again translated to a chapel which had been built expressly for it this chapel did not satisfy the devotion of the Friars and still another far more commodious and splendid was erected and thither the remains were translated in 1350 many relics had been scattered among churches in various parts of Europe and these were as far as possible gathered together and in 1745 they were all solemnly deposited in the Magnificent receptacle where they are now venerated in 1749 the church was nearly destroyed by fire yet the altar of the saint was quite uninjured while the flames were raging fiercely crowds of people were seen climbing upon the sagging roof and hurrying through the building in the midst of smoke and falling timbers and though many fell among the glowing coals and were struck by flying fire brands no one was injured the church in the chapel are among the richest and most beautiful in the world and these alone are sufficient to attract thousands annually to Padua his is the ruling spirit there one things only of him often a hideous little carving of bone or wood or metal has offered you for a mere trifle and his metals his photographs copies of portraits of surpassing loveliness are for sale on every street corner within that trying what splendor delights the eye all that can be done with marble and bronze and silver and gold and precious stones has been superbly done in the ornamentation of that wondrous mausoleum three sunburnt fishermen were kneeling with their foreheads resting on the sculptured marble of the tomb when I last drew near it is not good son Antonio the protector of all seafarers do not fair winds come through his intercession are not his medals and statuettes worn by devout Christian sailors the wide seas over having spent hours of rare refreshment in that glorious temple and gathered my little store of pious objects I returned to mine in for rest from the windows I saw the lofty walls of El Santo the Basilica of San Antonio towering against the sunset there is nothing finer than the proportions of this wondrous structure larger than San Marco at Venice it is far more impressive when viewed from without there are hundred gables that toss like a broken sea clusters of delicate spires spring into space like frozen fountains and overall rise seven splendid domes that seem to be floating in mid-air one almost fears that the whole will melt away in the twilight and leave only the spot that it once glorified like an Arabian tale that is told surely it's creation was magical some genie sporting with the elements made marble soluble and dreaming of the fabulous East he blew this pyramid of gigantic bubbles and had not the heart to let them break in vanish or is it what another miracle of the beloved st. st. Anthony of Padua has been hailed as the eminent doctor the defender of the divinity of the Incarnate Word and The Vindicator of the real presence he was also the champion and the apostle of the glorious mystery of Mary's assumption as the patriarch of Assisi had been of her Immaculate Conception it was st. Anthony who uttered the versicle incorporated in her office on the assumption the August mother of God has been assumed into heaven and placed above the angelic choirs what proof had he of this Our Blessed lady appeared to him with his eyes he saw her in her glory with enraptured ears he listened to her voice celeste joy as she said be assured my son that this my body which has been the Living Ark of the word incarnate has been preserved from the corruption of the grave be equally assured that three days after my death it was carried upon the wings of angels to the right hand of the son of God where I reign Queen therefore with a heart filled with indescribable joy he exclaimed the Virgin of Nazareth has by a singular privilege been preserved from the original stain and filled with the plenitude of grace hail o mother of God city of refuge sublime mountain throne of the Most High fruitful vine yielding golden grapes flooding the hearts of men with the holy exaltation of pure love hail star of the sea by gentle and radiant light is our guide in the darkness showing us the entrance to the harbor above woe to the pilot whose eyes are not fixed on thee his frail bark will become the plaything of the storm and will be swallowed up in the foaming billows the glowing tributes which have been paid to Saint Anthony of Padua would fill volumes yet the noblest tribute of all is the silent but ardent love his millions of followers have given him nothing need be added to this yet I will add what Saint Bonaventure said that Saint Anthony was an angelic soul and that his crown of glory was enriched with all the gems of grace and affection distributed amongst the other saints he possessed the science of the angels the faith of the patriarchs the foreknowledge of the prophets the zeal of the Apostles the purity of virgins the austerities of confessors and the heroism of martyrs st. Antonious the illustrious Archbishop of Florence says of st. Anthony he was a vessel of election an eagle in knowledge a wonder-worker beyond compare in the Franciscan liturgy adds a violet of humility a lily of chastity a rose of divine charity he was the ardent advocate the favorite and the champion of the Sacred Heart three centuries after his death the venerable Jane Mary of the Cross describes the following vision with which she was blessed while in prayer on the feast of Saint Anthony I saw the soul of this name borne by angels to the feet of Christ our Lord opened wide the wound of his heart in this heart all radiant with light attracted and seemed in some sort to absorb the soul of Saint Anthony as the light of the Sun absorbs all other light in the Heart of Jesus the soul of the saint appeared to me like a precious gem of radiating brilliancy which filled all the cavity the very play of its colors represented to me the virtues of the Saint they shone with marvellous splendor in the ocean of light proceeding from the Heart of Jesus to the honor of Christ and the glory of the saint himself then Jesus took this lustrous gem in his heart and presented it to his Heavenly Father who caused it to be admired by the angels and saints when you hear that I am a saint then bless ye the Lord these words that fell from the lips of the youthful Anthony when he first went in search of martyrdom were not addressed to his brethren at the Abbey of Santa Cruz they are as fresh and as appealing now as they ever were they are alive and she'll always remain alive and today now this very hour they are addressed to me and to you and to everyone that lives or shall live in ages to come even unto the end of the world bless ye the Lord end of chapter 24 end of the Wonder worker of Padua by Charles Warren Stoddard you literature based dissertation criminology books Adelphi University, Garden City.

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